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Brosnan, Mark; Daggar, Rajiv; Collomosse, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
Within the Extreme Male Brain theory, Autism Spectrum Disorder is characterised as a deficit in empathising in conjunction with preserved or enhanced systemising. A male advantage in systemising is argued to underpin the traditional male advantage in mental rotation tasks. Mental rotation tasks can be separated into rotational and non-rotational…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Empathy, Gender Differences
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Best, Catherine S.; Moffat, Vivien J.; Power, Michael J.; Owens, David G. C.; Johnstone, Eve C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
Theory of Mind, Weak Central Coherence and executive dysfunction, were investigated as a function of behavioural markers of autism. This was irrespective of the presence or absence of a diagnosis of an autistic spectrum disorder. Sixty young people completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), false belief tests, the block design test,…
Descriptors: Autism, Young Adults, Theories, Behavioral Science Research
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Sheppard, Elizabeth; Ropar, Danielle; Mitchell, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
Weak Central Coherence (Frith, 1989) predicts that, in autism, perceptual processing is relatively unaffected by conceptual analysis. Enhanced Perceptual Functioning (Mottron & Burack, 2001) predicts that the perceptual processing of those with autism is less influenced by conceptual analysis only when higher-level processing is detrimental to…
Descriptors: Autism, Cognitive Development, Coping, Cognitive Processes
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Peterson, Candida C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2005
This study examined theory of mind (ToM) and concepts of human biology (eyes, heart, brain, lungs and mind) in a sample of 67 children, including 25 high functioning children with autism (age 6-13), plus age-matched and preschool comparison groups. Contrary to Baron-Cohen [1989, "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders," 19(4),…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Cognitive Processes, Biology
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Williams, Mark A.; Moss, Simon A.; Bradshaw, John L.; Rinehart, Nicole J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2002
This study explored the ability of 14 individuals with autism to generate a unique series of digits. Individuals with autism were more likely to repeat previous digits than comparison individuals, suggesting they may exhibit a shortfall in response inhibition. Results support the executive dysfunction theory of autism. (Contains references.)…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Cognitive Processes, Numbers
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Voeller, Kytja K. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1996
This paper explores the neural systems underlying social behaviors as they pertain to autism. It discusses major channels for transmission of social-emotional information, neural pathways subserving social behaviors, and social cognition in autism. A hypothesis of autism based on deviant development of the widely distributed neural system…
Descriptors: Autism, Biological Influences, Cognitive Processes, Etiology
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Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1988
This paper reviews the literature describing the pervasive deficits in social relations and pragmatics found in autistic children. It then considers two different psychological theories of these phenomena, the Affective theory and the Cognitive theory, concludes that the Cognitive theory better predicts behavior patterns, and suggests future…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Processes, Interpersonal Competence
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Ohta, Masataka – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1987
Analysis of the conceptions of spatial relations, size comparisons, and gesture imitations of 16 autistic children (ages 6-14 years) with IQs over 70 indicated an inability to acquire concepts of size comparison and spatial relationships through verbal instructions, suggesting a cognitive deficit of impaired symbolic-representational functioning.…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation
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Goldberg, Terry E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1987
Based on a review of the literature on hyperlexia (better described as hermetic reading), and often associated with autism, a theory is proposed suggesting that such reading arises from a dysfunctional procedural memory system and a disconnected though functional declarative memory system. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Cognitive Processes, Etiology, Memory
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Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1996
This paper discusses language and communication deficits observed in autism within the framework of the "theory of mind" hypothesis, which posits that autistic individuals have profound difficulty interpreting a person's actions within a mentalistic framework. Placing language and communicative deficits within a theory of mind framework…
Descriptors: Autism, Biological Influences, Cognitive Processes, Communication (Thought Transfer)