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Showing 1 to 15 of 134 results Save | Export
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Lim, Yi Huey; Lee, Hoe C.; Falkmer, Torbjörn; Allison, Garry T.; Tan, Tele; Lee, Wee Lih; Morris, Susan L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Sensory processing difficulties affect the development of sensorimotor skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the effect of sensory information on postural control is unclear in the ASD adult population. The present study examined the effect of visual information on postural control as well as the attentional demands…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Sensory Integration
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Pokorny, Jennifer J.; Hatt, Naomi V.; Rogers, Sally J.; Rivera, Susan M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Understanding another's actions, including what they are doing and why they are doing it, can be difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This understanding is supported by the action observation (AON) and mentalizing (MZN) networks, as well as the superior temporal sulcus. We examined these areas in children with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Goh, Kwang Leng; Morris, Susan; Parsons, Richard; Ring, Alexander; Tan, Tele – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism is associated with differences in sensory processing and motor coordination. Evidence from electroencephalography suggests individual perturbation evoked response (PER) components represent specific aspects of postural disturbance processing; P1 reflects the detection and N1 reflects the evaluation of postural instability. Despite the…
Descriptors: Adults, Physiology, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Snape, Simon; Krott, Andrea; McCleery, Joseph P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with ASD seem to construct categories via processes different to typically developing individuals. We examined whether individuals with ASD engage in structural alignment of exemplars when constructing categories. We taught children with ASD and typically developing children novel nouns for either single or multiple exemplars, and then…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Classification
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Ciaramelli, Elisa; Spoglianti, Silvia; Bertossi, Elena; Generali, Nadia; Telarucci, Francesca; Tancredi, Raffaella; Muratori, Filippo; Igliozzi, Roberta – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
We studied episodic memory and future thinking for self-relevant and other-relevant events at different levels of retrieval support, theory of mind, and delay discounting in ASD children and adolescents (ASDs). Compared to typically developing controls, ASDs produced fewer internal (episodic) but a similar number of external (semantic) details…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Mul, Cari-lène; Stagg, Steven D.; Herbelin, Bruno; Aspell, Jane E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Following recent evidence for a link between interoception, emotion and empathy, we investigated relationships between these factors in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 26 adults with ASD and 26 healthy participants completed tasks measuring interoception, alexithymia and empathy. ASD participants with alexithymia demonstrated lower cognitive and…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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Luckhardt, Christina; Kröger, Anne; Cholemkery, Hannah; Bender, Stephan; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The underlying neural mechanisms of implicit and explicit facial emotion recognition (FER) were studied in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to matched typically developing controls (TDC). EEG was obtained from N = 21 ASD and N = 16 TDC. Task performance, visual (P100, N170) and cognitive (late positive…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Processes
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Vanmarcke, Steven; Noens, Ilse; Steyaert, Jean; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
While most typically developing (TD) participants have a coarse-to-fine processing style, people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) seem to be less globally and more locally biased when processing visual information. The stimulus-specific spatial frequency content might be directly relevant to determine this temporal hierarchy of visual…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes
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Lim, Yi Huey; Partridge, Katie; Girdler, Sonya; Morris, Susan L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Impairments in postural control affect the development of motor and social skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This review compared the effect of different sensory conditions on static standing postural control between ASD and neurotypical individuals. Results from 19 studies indicated a large difference in postural control…
Descriptors: Human Posture, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Meta Analysis
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Rosa, Mireia; Puig, Olga; Lázaro, Luisa; Vallés, Virginia; Lera, Sara; Sánchez-Gistau, Vanesa; Calvo, Rosa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Despite evidence supporting the presence of cognitive deficits in children and adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD), the nature of these deficits and their clinical and adaptive correlates remain unclear. Moreover, there are few cognitive studies of ASD siblings as a high risk population. We compared 50 children and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Siblings
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Poljac, Edita; Hoofs, Vincent; Princen, Myrthe M.; Poljac, Ervin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Although behavioural rigidity belongs to the core symptoms of autism spectrum conditions, little is known about its underlying cognitive mechanisms. The current study investigated the role of intentional control mechanisms in behavioural rigidity in autism. Autistic individuals and their matched controls were instructed to repeatedly choose…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Intention
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Black, Karen R.; Stevenson, Ryan A.; Segers, Magali; Ncube, Busiswe L.; Sun, Sol Z.; Philipp-Muller, Aviva; Bebko, James M.; Barense, Morgan D.; Ferber, Susanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Sensory hypersensitivity and insistence on sameness (I/S) are common, co-occurring features of autism, yet the relationship between them is poorly understood. This study assessed the impact of sensory hypersensitivity on the clinical symptoms of specific phobia, separation anxiety, social anxiety and I/S for autistic and typically developing (TD)…
Descriptors: Role, Anxiety, Correlation, Anxiety Disorders
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Powell, Patrick S.; Klinger, Laura G.; Klinger, Mark R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Little is known about age-related cognitive differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, given the overlap in cognitive impairments in ASD to those seen in typical aging, it is possible that adults with ASD will face even greater cognitive difficulties as they age. The current study used a cross-sectional design to examine age-related…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Adults
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Cazalets, Jean René; Bestaven, Emma; Doat, Emilie; Baudier, Marie Pierre; Gallot, Cécile; Amestoy, Anouck; Bouvard, Manuel; Guillaud, Etienne; Guillain, Isabelle; Grech, Emelyne; Van-gils, Julien; Fergelot, Patricia; Fraisse, Sonia; Taupiac, Emmanuelle; Arveiler, Benoit; Lacombe, Didier – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare genetic disease that associates intellectual disability with somatic characteristics. We have conducted a study of the overall motor abilities of RTS participants. Static postural performance as well as gait parameters were somewhat decreased, although not significantly compared to typically developing…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Genetic Disorders, Children, Intellectual Disability
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