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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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Cage, Eilidh; Bird, Geoffrey; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Being able to manage reputation is an important social skill, but it is unclear whether autistic children can manage reputation. This study investigated whether 33 autistic children matched to 33 typical children could implicitly or explicitly manage reputation. Further, we examined whether cognitive processes--theory of mind, social motivation,…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reputation
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Solomon, Marjorie; Buaminger, Nirit; Rogers, Sally J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
To investigate the relationship between cognitive and social functioning, 20 Israeli individuals with HFASD aged 8-12 and 22 age, maternal education, and receptive vocabulary-matched preadolescents with typical development (TYP) came to the lab with a close friend. Measures of abstract reasoning, friendship quality, and dyadic interaction during a…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Friendship, Abstract Reasoning, Thinking Skills
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Koyama, Tomonori; Kamio, Yoko; Inada, Naoko; Kurita, Hiroshi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
Using the Japanese version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III), 26 girls with high-functioning (IQ greater than or equal to 70) pervasive developmental disorders (HFPDD) (mean age, 8.2 years) were compared with 116 boys with HFPDD (mean age, 9.0 years). Compared with the boys, the girls scored significantly…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Females, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intelligence Tests
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Koyama, Tomonori; Tachimori, Hisateru; Osada, Hirokazu; Kurita, Hiroshi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006
Age- and IQ-balanced 27 children with high-functioning (IQ greater than or equal to 70) pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (HPDDNOS) and 27 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared on the Japanese version of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Third Edition (WISC-III) and the Childhood…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Peterson, Candida C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2005
This study examined theory of mind (ToM) and concepts of human biology (eyes, heart, brain, lungs and mind) in a sample of 67 children, including 25 high functioning children with autism (age 6-13), plus age-matched and preschool comparison groups. Contrary to Baron-Cohen [1989, "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders," 19(4),…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Cognitive Processes, Biology