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Bacon, Alex; Beaman, C. Philip; Liu, Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reportedly possess preserved or superior music-processing skills compared to their typically developing counterparts. We examined auditory imagery and earworms (tunes that get "stuck" in the head) in adults with ASD and controls. Both groups completed a short earworm questionnaire together…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Music, Auditory Perception
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Landsiedel, Julia; Williams, David M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Time-based prospective memory (PM) is diminished under various task demands in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, it is still unclear what underpins their impairment or how it could be remediated. This study explored whether instructions to prioritise one element of a PM task over another improved performance in adults with…
Descriptors: Memory, Time, Adults, Autism
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Elias, Rebecca; White, Susan W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Social motivation in individuals with ASD is inferred from the observation of overt behaviors and neurological correlates. Motivation, however, can be distinguishable from overt behavior and neurologic reactivity. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the cognitive processes that may influence goal-directed tasks involved in social interaction.…
Descriptors: Motivation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Behavior
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Unruh, Kathryn E.; Bodfish, James W.; Gotham, Katherine O. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Individuals with ASD have increased rates of depression compared to the general population. Repetitive cognition is a core feature of ASD; in typically developing adults, repetitive cognition has been associated with attentional biases to negative emotional material and increased prospective depression risk. We compared adults with ASD to…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Depression (Psychology)
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Greene, Ciara M.; Suess, Esther; Kelly, Yazeed – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
It has been suggested that atypical emotional face processing strategies observed in autism may extend in milder form to the general population. We investigated the relationship between autistic traits (AT) and gaze behaviour in a neurotypical adult sample. Novel naturalistic videos featuring happy, fearful and neutral faces were first validated…
Descriptors: Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Emotional Response, Cognitive Processes
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Wylie, Korey P.; Tregellas, Jason R.; Bear, Joshua J.; Legget, Kristina T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The neurobiology of autism spectrum disorder remains poorly understood. The present study addresses this knowledge gap by examining the relationship between functional brain connectivity and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) scores using publicly available data from the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE) database (N = 107).…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Processes
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Cañigueral, Roser; Hamilton, Antonia F. de C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people process gaze differently than typical people, but it is not yet clear if these differences lie in the processing of eye-shapes or the belief in whether others can see (perceptual mentalizing). We aimed to investigate whether these two models of gaze processing modulate social seeking in typical and autistic adults. We measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Beliefs, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Processes
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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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Keehn, Brandon; Westerfield, Marissa; Townsend, Jeanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigates how task-irrelevant auditory information is processed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen children with ASD and 19 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children were presented with semantically-congruent and incongruent picture-sound pairs, and in separate tasks were instructed to attend to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Visual Stimuli
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Zhou, Peng; Zhan, Likan; Ma, Huimin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The study used an eye-tracking task to investigate whether preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are able to make inferences about others' behavior in terms of their mental states in a social setting. Fifty typically developing (TD) 4- and 5-year-olds and 22 5-year-olds with ASD participated in the study, where their eye-movements…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inferences
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Bothe, Ellen; Palermo, Romina; Rhodes, Gillian; Burton, Nichola; Jeffery, Linda – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people often show difficulty with facial expression recognition. However, the degree of difficulty varies widely, which might reflect varying symptom profiles. We examined three domains of autistic traits in the typical population and found that more autistic-like social skills were associated with greater difficulty labelling…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Recognition (Psychology), Nonverbal Communication
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Van der Donck, Stephanie; Dzhelyova, Milena; Vettori, Sofie; Thielen, Hella; Steyaert, Jean; Rossion, Bruno; Boets, Bart – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We objectively quantified the neural sensitivity of school-aged boys with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to detect briefly presented fearful expressions by combining fast periodic visual stimulation with frequency-tagging electroencephalography. Images of neutral faces were presented at 6 Hz, periodically interleaved with fearful…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Males
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Guy, Jacalyn; Mottron, Laurent; Berthiaume, Claude; Bertone, Armando – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate superior performances on visuo-spatial tasks emphasizing local information processing; however, findings from studies involving hierarchical stimuli are inconsistent. Wide age ranges and group means complicate their interpretability. Children and adolescents with and without ASD completed…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Carpenter, Katie L.; Williams, David M.; Nicholson, Toby – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been argued that metacognition and mindreading rely on the same cognitive processes (Carruthers in The opacity of mind: an integrative theory of self-knowledge, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011). It is widely accepted that mindreading is diminished among individuals diagnosed with autism (Brunsdon and Happé in Autism 18(1):17-30,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Tse, Venus W. S.; Crabtree, Jason; Islam, Shamsun; Stott, Joshua – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to compare cognitive and memory abilities between older adults with and without autism over the age of 50. Twenty-eight individuals with autism and 29 typically developing (TD) older adults took part in the current study. Participants' cognitive and memory abilities were assessed by WAIS-IV and WMS-IV. Older autistic adults were…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Memory, Older Adults, Autism
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