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Jussila, K.; Junttila, M.; Kielinen, M.; Ebeling, H.; Joskitt, L.; Moilanen, I.; Mattila, M.-L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Sensory abnormalities (SAs) are recognized features in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and a relationship between SAs and ASD traits is also suggested in general population. Our aims were to estimate the prevalence of SAs in three different settings, and to study the association between SAs and quantitative autism traits (QAT) using the Autism…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence
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Nimmo-Smith, Victoria; Heuvelman, Hein; Dalman, Christina; Lundberg, Michael; Idring, Selma; Carpenter, Peter; Magnusson, Cecilia; Rai, Dheeraj – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Anxiety is common in children with ASD; however, the burden of specific anxiety disorders for adults with ASD is under-researched. Using the Stockholm Youth Cohort, we compared anxiety disorder diagnoses among autistic adults (n = 4049), with or without intellectual disability, and population controls (n = 217,645). We conducted additional sibling…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Soncini, Thaise C. B.; Belotto, Gabriella Antunes; Diaz, Alexandre P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The aim of this study is to investigate the association between prematurity and diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] or autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in Brazilian children and adolescents. Case-control study based on medical records data from a specialized outpatient clinic. Prematurity…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kelleher, Bridgette; Halligan, Taylor; Garwood, Tessa; Howell, Samantha; Martin-O'Dell, Breanna; Swint, Amber; Shelton, Liberty-Ann; Shin, Joey – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
It is well-recognized that measurement options for diagnosing and monitoring children with neurogenetic syndromes (NGS) associated with moderate to severe intellectual impairment are limited (Berry-Kravis, Dev Med Child Neurol 10.1111/dmcn.13018, 2016), and caregivers experience significant concerns regarding the assessment process. However to…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Neurological Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Azad, Gazi F.; Dillon, Emily; Feuerstein, Julie; Kalb, Luke; Neely, Jason; Landa, Rebecca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We examined whether different profiles of quality of life (QoL) existed among youth referred to an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) specialty clinic and, if present, determined if these groups were associated with different characteristics. Data were from parental report of 5-17 year-old youth (N = 476) who were scheduled to receive an evaluation at…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinics
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Wu, Chin-Chin; Chu, Ching-Lin; Stewart, Lydia; Chiang, Chung-Hsin; Hou, Yuh-Ming; Liu, Jiun-Horng – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The present longitudinal study examined the utility of the screening tool for autism in 2-year-olds (STAT) in detecting autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in toddlers who are less than 24 months of age. The study sample, which consisted of 119 toddlers with developmental problems, were assessed when they were between 16 and 24 months of age (Time 1)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Toddlers, Cutting Scores
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Evers, Kris; Debbaut, Edward; Maljaars, Jarymke; Steyaert, Jean; Noens, Ilse – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Two semi-structured parental interviews are available with algorithms developed to measure DSM-5 criteria of ASD, namely the Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview (3di) and the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-11). The main aim of this study was to examine the agreement between classification…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Classification, Clinical Diagnosis
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Smith, Olivia; Jones, Sandra C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Asperger's Syndrome was introduced as a separate diagnostic category in the DSM-4 (1994). Its subsequent absorption into autism spectrum disorder in the DSM-5 (2013) led to vigorous debate and concerns about the loss of the unique Asperger's identity. Existing research has identified that adults previously diagnosed with Asperger's have expressed…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Disability Identification, Clinical Diagnosis, Adults
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Hoch, John D.; Youssef, Adriana M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs), and trauma related diagnoses are poorly understood in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and developmental disabilities (DD). The current study examined N = 7695 cases seen by a community mental health provider to compare exposure to PTEs and trauma-related diagnoses between children with ASD, children…
Descriptors: Trauma, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Tsai, Lee-Hou; Lin, Jeng-Wen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here, we describe a case in which an original diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Asperger's syndrome was later adapted to social communication disorder, to meet the new guidelines. First, separate diagnostic labels of autism disorder, Asperger's disorder, and PDD-NOS have been replaced by one umbrella term…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Communication Disorders
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Delobel-Ayoub, M.; Saemundsen, E.; Gissler, M.; Ego, A.; Moilanen, I.; Ebeling, H.; Rafnsson, V.; Klapouszczak, D.; Thorsteinsson, E.; Arnaldsdóttir, K. M.; Roge, B.; Arnaud, C.; Schendel, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We estimated autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence in 7-9 year-old children in 2015 using data from three nationwide health registry systems (Denmark, Finland, Iceland) and two French population-based regional registries. Prevalence ranged from 0.48% in South-East France to 3.13% in Iceland (South-West France: 0.73%, Finland: 0.77%, Denmark:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence
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Berkovits, Lauren D.; Moody, Christine T.; Blacher, Jan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
There is minimal research regarding the personal experiences and perceptions of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Yet, the positive and negative perceptions that youth internalize about their diagnoses are crucial, as they may have a strong impact on individuals' self-concept and well-being. This paper utilizes mixed methods to describe…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept
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Larsen, Kenneth; Aasland, Astrid; Schjølberg, Synnve; Hansen, Ulla I.; Diseth, Trond H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Early symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) develop through the second year of life, making a stable ASD diagnosis possible around 24 months of age. However, in general, children with ASD are diagnosed later. In this study we explored the use of a short observation list to detect symptoms associated with ASD in children 12-24 months of age…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Clinical Diagnosis
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Kidd, Sharon A.; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth; Choo, Tse Hwei; Chen, Chen; Esler, Amy; Hoffmann, Anne; Andrews, Howard F.; Kaufmann, Walter E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We carried out a psychometric assessment of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-2) in fragile X syndrome (FXS), relative to clinician DSM5-based diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in FXS. This was followed by instrument revisions that included: removal of non-discriminating and/or low face…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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O'Connor, Cliodhna; Burke, Judith; Rooney, Brendan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience social marginalisation. This study uses a vignette-based design to clarify whether diagnostic disclosure affects social marginalisation in workplace contexts. It investigates two potential mediators of this relationship: affective response to and theory of mind for people with ASD.…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Correlation, Adults, Autism
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