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Falter, Christine M.; Plaisted, Kate C.; Davis, Greg – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
It has been hypothesised that autism is an extreme version of the male brain, caused by high levels of prenatal testosterone (Baron-Cohen 1999). To test this proposal, associations were assessed between three visuo-spatial tasks and prenatal testosterone, indexed in second-to-fourth digit length ratios (2D:4D). The study included children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain, Spatial Ability
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Peterson, Candida C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2005
This study examined theory of mind (ToM) and concepts of human biology (eyes, heart, brain, lungs and mind) in a sample of 67 children, including 25 high functioning children with autism (age 6-13), plus age-matched and preschool comparison groups. Contrary to Baron-Cohen [1989, "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders," 19(4),…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Cognitive Processes, Biology