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Showing 1 to 15 of 136 results Save | Export
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Reindal, Lise; Naerland, Terje; Weidle, Bernhard; Lydersen, Stian; Andreassen, Ole A.; Sund, Anne Mari – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Age of first walking (AOW) is reported to be later in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with typical development. However, the relationship between AOW and variations in ASD symptoms across different neurodevelopmental disorders is largely unknown. This study investigated AOW and its association with autism symptom severity in a large sample…
Descriptors: Age, Psychomotor Skills, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Severity (of Disability)
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia; Slonims, Vicky; Green, Jonathan; Aldred, Catherine; Aldred, Catherine; Le Couteur, Ann; Emsley, Richard A.; Grahame, Victoria; Humphrey, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R.; Pickles, Andrew; Taylor, Carol; Balabanovska, Matea; Beach, Hilary; Byford, Sarah; Bennett, Claire; Carruthers, Sophie; Crook, Imogen; Danvers, Hannah; Dartnall, Kate; Ellis, Ceri; Foote, Hannah; Graham, Jessica; James, Kirsty; Jamieson, Sarah; Knight, Anna; Lowe, Jo; Madeley, Ruth; Mitchell, Olivia; Monteiro, Francisca; Moore, Heather L.; Morley, Helen; Rose, Jessica; Rogan, Leanne; Vosper, Susanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We investigated the early sociocognitive battery (ESB), a novel measure of preverbal social communication skills, in children with autism participating in the Paediatric Autism Communication Trial-Generalised (PACT-G). The associations between ESB scores, language and autism symptoms were assessed in 249 children aged 2-11 years. The results show…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Communication
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Bitsika, Vicki; Sharpley, Christopher F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Previous data have suggested that parents of boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may rate their sons' generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) more severely than the boys do themselves. However, no reports have been published to date which examine this issue in a girls-only sample. This study investigated the extent and nature of mother-daughter…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mild Disabilities, Autism
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Benson, Paul R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Employing a cohort sequential design and multilevel modeling, the direct and indirect effects (via depressed mood, emotional wellbeing, and perceived support) of received network support on marital quality were assessed over a 7-year period (child age 7-14) on 96 married or cohabiting mothers of children with ASD. Findings indicated several…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Marital Status, Mothers
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Lampi, Andrew; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Romero, Veronica; Amaral, Joseph; Schmidt, R. C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The social and motor context in which restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) occur in autism and their relationship to social traits are not well-understood. Participants with and without autism completed tasks that varied in social and motor engagement and RRB frequency was measured. Motor and verbal RRBs were most common, RRBs varied based…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Patterns
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Mahapatra, Shreyas; Khokhlovich, Edward; Martinez, Samantha; Kannel, Benjamin; Edelson, Stephen M.; Vyshedskiy, Andrey – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here we report the results of the subgroup analyses of an observational cohort of children whose parents completed the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) over the period of several years. A linear mixed effects model was used to evaluate longitudinal changes in ATEC scores within different patient subgroups. All groups decreased their…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Check Lists, Diagnostic Tests
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Galdino, Marlene Pereira; Pegoraro, Luiz Fernando Longuim; Saad, Laura Olalla; Grodberg, David; Celeri, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Autism Mental Status Examination (AMSE) in a Brazilian sample of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A sample of 260 children and adolescents, comprising 56 (21.5%) females and 204 (78.5%) males, was assessed. The participants were submitted to both the childhood…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Waddington, Hannah; McLay, Laurie; Woods, Lisa; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Little is known about the role of family characteristics in sleep disturbance for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study involved an exploratory analysis of the association between 17 child, parent, and socioeconomic characteristics and sleep disturbance using data from 203, 2-18--year-old children with ASD whose families…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Sleep, Autism
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Vasilevska Petrovska, Ivana; Trajkovski, Vladimir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This randomized controlled study evaluated a computer-based intervention on emotion understanding in 32 children with autism spectrum conditions with and without intellectual disability (ID) aged 7-15 years. The intervention group (n = 16) used the program for 12 h while the control group (n = 16) was not included in any intervention or training…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Intervention, Emotional Response, Children
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Stedman, Amy; Taylor, Briana; Erard, Michael; Peura, Christine; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite significant advances in autism research, experts have noted that children severely affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appear to have been understudied. Rigorous analysis of this observation has been limited, and the representation of severity has not been well-described. We assessed three domains of severity (communication ability,…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disproportionate Representation
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Kumazaki, Hirokazu; Muramatsu, Taro; Yoshikawa, Yuichiro; Yoshimura, Yuko; Ikeda, Takashi; Hasegawa, Chiaki; Saito, Daisuke N.; Shimaya, Jiro; Ishiguro, Hiroshi; Mimura, Masaru; Kikuchi, Mitsuru – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We investigated the feasibility of our novel evaluation system for use with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We prepared the experimental setting with two humanoid robots in reference to the birthday party scene in the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS). We assessed the relationship between social communication ability…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Robotics, Feasibility Studies
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Cohen, Ira L.; Flory, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A recent cross-sectional analysis of PDD Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) data, analyzed with a classification and regression tree algorithm, yielded a decision tree (the Autism Spectrum Disorder-Decision Tree or ASD-DT) that detected three behaviorally distinct ASD subgroups: minimally verbal, verbal, and atypical. These subgroups differed in PDDBI…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Feldman, Inbal; Koller, Judah; Lebowitz, Eli R.; Shulman, Cory; Ben Itzchak, Esther; Zachor, Ditza A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Family accommodation occurs frequently among families of children with OCD and anxiety disorders, with higher levels of accommodation repeatedly associated with greater symptom severity, lower functioning, and poorer treatment outcomes for children. This is the first examination of family accommodation of restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Attitudes
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Roberts, Jane; Crawford, Hayley; Hogan, Abigail L.; Fairchild, Amanda; Tonnsen, Bridgette; Brewe, Alexis; O'Connor, Shannon; Roberts, Douglas A.; Abbeduto, Leonard – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is characterized by both social approach and social avoidance. However, the age of emergence and developmental trajectory of social avoidance has not been examined. This study investigates the longitudinal developmental trajectory and dynamic nature of social avoidance in males with FXS from infancy through young adulthood…
Descriptors: Infants, Genetic Disorders, Age Groups, Longitudinal Studies
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Ireri, Niceta W.; White, Susan W.; Mbwayo, Anne W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Anxiety in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contributes to their functional impairment. We evaluated a cognitive-behavioral program for anxiety and social deficits in children with ASD in two schools in Nairobi City, Kenya. Parents and teachers of 40 children and adolescents with ASD (5-21 years) participated, randomized by school. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety
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