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ERIC Number: EJ984969
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Cognitive Flexibility in ASD; Task Switching with Emotional Faces
de Vries, Marieke; Geurts, Hilde M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v42 n12 p2558-2568 Dec 2012
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) show daily cognitive flexibility deficits, but laboratory data are unconvincing. The current study aimed to bridge this gap. Thirty-one children with ASD (8-12 years) and 31 age- and IQ-matched typically developing children performed a gender emotion switch task. Unannounced switches and complex stimuli (emotional faces) improved ecological validity; minimal working memory-load prevented bias in the findings. Overall performance did not differ between groups, but in a part of the ASD group performance was slow and inaccurate. Moreover, within the ASD group switching from emotion to gender trials was slower than vice versa. Children with ASD do not show difficulties on an ecological valid switch task, but have difficulty disengaging from an emotional task set. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A