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Song, Yongning; Hakoda, Yuji – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by early onset qualitative impairments in reciprocal social development. However, whether individuals with ASD exhibit impaired recognition of facial expressions corresponding to basic emotions is debatable. To investigate subtle deficits in facial emotion recognition, we asked 14 children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Development, Nonverbal Communication
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South, Mikle; Taylor, Katherine M.; Newton, Tiffani; Christensen, Megan; Jamison, Nathan K.; Chamberlain, Paul; Johnston, Oliver; Crowley, Michael J.; Higley, J. Dee – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We measured skin conductance response (SCR) to escalating levels of a direct social threat from a novel, ecologically-relevant experimental paradigm, the Intruder Threat Task. We simultaneously evaluated the contribution of social symptom severity and behavioral movement. Children with AS group showed less psychophysiological reactivity to social…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Arousal Patterns
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Bodner, Kimberly E.; Engelhardt, Christopher R.; Minshew, Nancy J.; Williams, Diane L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Studies investigating inferential reasoning in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have focused on the ability to make socially-related inferences or inferences more generally. Important variables for intervention planning such as whether inferences depend on physical experiences or the nature of social information have received less consideration. A…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inferences, Intervention
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Ballinger, Elizabeth C.; Cordeiro, Lisa; Chavez, Alyssa D.; Hagerman, Randi J.; Hessl, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Social avoidance and anxiety are prevalent in fragile X syndrome (FXS) and are potentially mediated by the amygdala, a brain region critical for social behavior. Unfortunately, functional brain resonance imaging investigation of the amygdala in FXS is limited by the difficulties experienced by intellectually impaired and anxious participants. We…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Antisocial Behavior
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Helminen, Mika; Salmelin, Raili; Pelkonen, Erja; Juujärvi, Petri – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Twenty-seven boys and eight girls with ASD and thirty-five controls matched for gender, age and total score intelligence were studied to ascertain whether boys and girls with ASD display stronger reactive aggression than boys and girls without ASD. Participants performed a computerized version of the Pulkkinen aggression machine that examines the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Aggression
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Gordon, Iris; Pierce, Matthew D.; Bartlett, Marian S.; Tanaka, James W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show deficits in their ability to produce facial expressions. In this study, a group of children with ASD and IQ-matched, typically developing (TD) children were trained to produce "happy" and "angry" expressions with the FaceMaze computer game. FaceMaze uses an automated computer…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nonverbal Communication
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Dadds, Mark R.; MacDonald, Elayne; Cauchi, Avril; Williams, Katrina; Levy, Florence; Brennan, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The last two decades have witnessed a surge in research investigating the application of oxytocin as a method of enhancing social behaviour in humans. Preliminary evidence suggests oxytocin may have potential as an intervention for autism. We evaluated a 5-day "live-in" intervention using a double-blind randomized control trial. 38 male…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Drug Therapy
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Tseng, Angela; Bansal, Ravi; Liu, Jun; Gerber, Andrew J.; Goh, Suzanne; Posner, Jonathan; Colibazzi, Tiziano; Algermissen, Molly; Chiang, I-Chin; Russell, James A.; Peterson, Bradley S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The Affective Circumplex Model holds that emotions can be described as linear combinations of two underlying, independent neurophysiological systems (arousal, valence). Given research suggesting individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty processing emotions, we used the circumplex model to compare how individuals with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Nonverbal Communication
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Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, Barbara; Howlin, Patricia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Autobiographical memory was assessed in 24 children (12 male, 12 female, aged between 8 and 16 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a comparison group of 24 typically developing (TD) children matched for age, IQ, gender and receptive language. Results suggested that a deficit in specific memory retrieval in the ASD group was more…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autobiographies
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Fink, Elian; de Rosnay, Marc; Wierda, Marlies; Koot, Hans M.; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The empirical literature has presented inconsistent evidence for deficits in the recognition of basic emotion expressions in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which may be due to the focus on research with relatively small sample sizes. Additionally, it is proposed that although children with ASD may correctly identify emotion…
Descriptors: Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Response
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Wood, Jeffrey J.; Fujii, Cori; Renno, Patricia; Van Dyke, Marilyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
This study compared cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and treatment-as-usual (TAU) in terms of effects on observed social communication-related autism symptom severity during unstructured play time at school for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Thirteen children with ASD (7-11 years old) were randomly assigned to 32 sessions of CBT…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification, Outcomes of Treatment
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Denmark, Tanya; Atkinson, Joanna; Campbell, Ruth; Swettenham, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Facial expressions in sign language carry a variety of communicative features. While emotion can modulate a spoken utterance through changes in intonation, duration and intensity, in sign language specific facial expressions presented concurrently with a manual sign perform this function. When deaf adult signers cannot see facial features, their…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Nonverbal Communication, Deafness, Hearing Impairments
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Narzisi, Antonio; Muratori, Filippo; Calderoni, Sara; Fabbro, Franco; Urgesi, Cosimo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
A comprehensive investigation of the neuropsychological strengths and weaknesses of children with autism may help to better describe their cognitive abilities and to design appropriate interventions. To this end we compared the NEPSY-II profiles of 22 children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (HFASD) with those of 44 healthy control…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Legisa, Jasna; Messinger, Daniel S.; Kermol, Enzo; Marlier, Luc – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Although emotional functioning is impaired in children with autism, it is unclear if this impairment is due to difficulties with facial expression, autonomic responsiveness, or the verbal description of emotional states. To shed light on this issue, we examined responses to pleasant and unpleasant odors in eight children (8-14 years) with…
Descriptors: Autism, Nonverbal Communication, Emotional Response, Olfactory Perception
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Erickson, Laura C.; Scott-Van Zeeland, Ashley A.; Hamilton, Gavin; Lincoln, Alan; Golomb, Beatrice A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
We piloted a suite of approaches aimed to facilitate a successful series of up to four brain and muscle [superscript 31]Phosphorus-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy ([superscript 31]P-MRS) scans performed in one session in 12 "awake", non-sedated subjects (ages 6-18), 6 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 6 controls. We targeted advanced…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Spectroscopy
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