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Coskun, Murat; Hajdini, Aydan; Alnak, Alper; Karayagmurlu, Ali – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We aimed to investigate the characteristics of internet use in a clinical sample of 60 young subjects with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and its relationship with parental control and psychiatric comorbidity. Of the participants, 38.3% were classified as having problematic internet use (PIU). Subjects with normal internet use (NIU), compared to the…
Descriptors: Computer Use, Internet, Asperger Syndrome, Comorbidity
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Camodeca, Amy; Todd, Kylie Q.; Croyle, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Investigated internal consistency reliability and criterion validity of the Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale (ASDS) in a well-characterized sample of 120 children ([X-bar][subscript age] = 9.91; autism [AUT] n = 54; non-autism [NOT] n = 66) who completed comprehensive outpatient evaluations with a gold-standard measure, the Autism Diagnostic…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Asperger Syndrome, Children
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Smith, Olivia; Jones, Sandra C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Asperger's Syndrome was introduced as a separate diagnostic category in the DSM-4 (1994). Its subsequent absorption into autism spectrum disorder in the DSM-5 (2013) led to vigorous debate and concerns about the loss of the unique Asperger's identity. Existing research has identified that adults previously diagnosed with Asperger's have expressed…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Disability Identification, Clinical Diagnosis, Adults
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Tsai, Lee-Hou; Lin, Jeng-Wen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here, we describe a case in which an original diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Asperger's syndrome was later adapted to social communication disorder, to meet the new guidelines. First, separate diagnostic labels of autism disorder, Asperger's disorder, and PDD-NOS have been replaced by one umbrella term…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Communication Disorders
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Kulage, Kristine M.; Goldberg, Johanna; Usseglio, John; Romero, Danielle; Bain, Jennifer M.; Smaldone, Arlene M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We conducted a 5-year follow-up systematic review and meta-analysis to determine change in frequency of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis since diagnostic and statistical manual 5 (DSM-5) publication and explore the impact of Social Communication Disorder (SCD). For 33 included studies, use of DSM-5 criteria suggests decreases in diagnosis…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Guides, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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de Giambattista, Concetta; Ventura, Patrizia; Trerotoli, Paolo; Margari, Mariella; Palumbi, Roberto; Margari, Lucia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Since Hans Asperger's first description (Arch Psych Nervenkrankh 117:76-136, 1944), through Lorna Wing's translation and definition (Psychol Med 11:115-129, 1981), to its introduction in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, 1994), Asperger Syndrome has always aroused huge interest and debate, until…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Egan, Vincent; Linenberg, Omer; O'Nions, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Pathological ("extreme") demand avoidance (PDA) involves obsessively avoiding routine demands and extreme emotional variability. It is clinically linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The observer-rated EDA Questionnaire (EDA-Q) for children was adapted as an adult self-report (EDA-QA), and tested in relation to personality and the…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome
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Jackson, Lynn G.; Duffy, Mary Lou; Brady, Michael P.; McCormick, Jazarae – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly entering institutions of higher education. However, many are not prepared for the academic and social demands of postsecondary environments. Although studies have evaluated academic and social interventions for children and adolescents with ASD, little research exists on the college…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Strategies
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Cole, Eleanor J.; Barraclough, Nick E.; Enticott, Peter G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
ASD is associated with mentalizing deficits that may correspond with atypical mirror system (MS) activation. We investigated MS activity in adults with and without ASD when inferring others' intentions using TMS-induced motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and mu suppression measured by EEG. Autistic traits were measured for all participants. Our EEG…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Social Cognition
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Fiene, L.; Ireland, M. J.; Brownlow, C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Increasing attention is being paid to how adults on the autism spectrum perceive and interpret the interoceptive sense. This 20-item Interoception Sensory Questionnaire represents a single factor scale that can be interpreted as representing confusion about interoceptive bodily states unless these states are extreme (Alexisomia), and has been…
Descriptors: Sensory Experience, Questionnaires, Adults, Autism
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Brewer, Neil; Young, Robyn L.; Barnett, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)--the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions--undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Interpersonal Competence
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Baric, Vedrana Bolic; Hemmingsson, Helena; Hellberg, Kristina; Kjellberg, Anette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The aim was to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work, and to discover what support influences the process from the perspectives of young adults with Asperger syndrome or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This qualitative study was performed in Sweden and comprised interviews…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Adults, Asperger Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Verschuur, Rianne; Huskens, Bibi; Verhoeven, Ludo; Didden, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in question-asking are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, their opportunities to self-initiate questions are often hindered by directive behavior of their conversation partners. This study assessed the effectiveness of staff training in pivotal response treatment (PRT) on staff member-created…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questioning Techniques, Program Effectiveness
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Klapwijk, Eduard T.; Aghajani, Moji; Lelieveld, Gert-Jan; van Lang, Natasja D. J.; Popma, Arne; van der Wee, Nic J. A.; Colins, Olivier F.; Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Little is known about how emotions expressed by others influence social decisions and associated brain responses in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We investigated the neural mechanisms underlying fairness decisions in response to explicitly expressed emotions of others in boys with ASD and typically developing (TD) boys. Participants with ASD…
Descriptors: Brain, Males, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Dewinter, J.; De Graaf, H.; Begeer, S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study compared sexual orientation and romantic relationship experience in a large sample of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 675) and general population peers (n = 8064). Gender identity was explored in the ASD group in relation to assigned gender at birth. Compared to general population peers, more people with…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship, Adolescents
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