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Showing 76 to 90 of 605 results Save | Export
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Jensen, Alexander C.; Orsmond, Gael I. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Siblings often oversee the well-being of an adult with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study contributes to the literature by examining correlates of support provided to siblings in young adulthood in the context of the broader autism phenotype (BAP). Young adults (n = 866; M[subscript age] = 25.43, SD = 2.54; 55% female) reported on…
Descriptors: Siblings, Well Being, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tang, Julia S. Y.; Chen, Nigel T. M.; Falkmer, Marita; B?lte, Sven; Girdler, Sonya – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Understanding the underlying visual scanning patterns of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during the processing of complex emotional scenes remains limited. This study compared the complex emotion recognition performance of adults with ASD (n = 23) and matched neurotypical participants (n = 25) using the Reading the Mind in Films…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements
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Friedman, Laura; Sterling, Audra; DaWalt, Leann Smith; Mailick, Marsha R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder, impacting social communication and in some individuals, aspects of language such as vocabulary diversity. However, we have only a limited understanding of the verbal language abilities of adults with ASD. The present longitudinal study examined conversational language and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Friendship
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Johnston, Kate; Murray, Kim; Spain, Debbie; Walker, Ian; Russell, Ailsa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Studies of executive function (EF) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported mixed findings. Possible confounds include EF domain assessed and co-occurring neurodevelopmental diagnoses. EF task performance across multiple domains and everyday function of autistic adults (n = 110) was significantly different to age- and IQ-matched controls (n…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Schemata (Cognition), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Van Herwegen, Jo; Ranzato, Erica; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Simms, Victoria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been reported that approximate number sense (ANS) task performance is impaired in individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and Down syndrome (DS). Research with infants has suggested this impairment is caused by sticky fixation in WS and sustained attention deficits for those with DS. This study examined looking patterns of older children…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Down Syndrome, Congenital Impairments, Genetic Disorders
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Livingston, Lucy Anne; Carr, Bethany; Shah, Punit – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
'Theory of Mind' (ToM) is the ability to attribute mental states to others to make sense of their behaviour. ToM research has informed understanding of (a)typical social behaviour, including the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This began with research on ToM in autistic children and there has been a noticeable increase in the study of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Social Cognition
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de Marchena, A.; Kim, E. S.; Bagdasarov, A.; Parish-Morris, J.; Maddox, B. B.; Brodkin, E. S.; Schultz, R. T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
While well-represented on clinical measures, co-speech gesture production has never been formally studied in autistic adults. Twenty-one verbally fluent autistic adults and 21 typically developing controls engaged in a controlled conversational task. Group differences were observed in both semantic/pragmatic and motoric features of spontaneously…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nonverbal Communication
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Laidi, Charles; Boisgontier, Jennifer; de Pierrefeu, Amicie; Duchesnay, Edouard; Hotier, Sevan; d'Albis, Marc-Antoine; Delorme, Richard; Bolognani, Federico; Czech, Christian; Bouquet, Céline; Amestoy, Anouck; Petit, Julie; Holiga, Štefan; Dukart, Juergen; Gaman, Alexandru; Toledano, Elie; Ly-Le Moal, Myriam; Scheid, Isabelle; Leboyer, Marion; Houenou, Josselin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder under-diagnosed in adults. To date, no consistent evidence of alterations in brain structure has been reported in adults with ASD and few studies were conducted at that age. We analyzed structural magnetic resonance imaging data from 167 high functioning adults with ASD and 195 controls.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain
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Jia, Ronnie; Steelman, Zachary R.; Jia, Heather H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study assesses the psychometric properties of three self-report measures of autistic-like tendencies in the general adult population: "autistic spectrum quotient (AQ)", "adult repetitive behaviours questionnaire-2 (RBQ-2A)", and "systemizing quotient (SQ)". Three rounds of development and testing using different…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schaller, Ulrich Max; Biscaldi, Monica; Fangmeier, Thomas; Tebartz van Elst, Ludger; Rauh, Reinhold – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Using a schema-theoretical perspective in the field of moral cognition, we assessed response behavior of adolescent (n = 15) and adult (n = 22) individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in comparison with adolescent (n = 22) and adult (n = 22) neurotypically developed controls. We conceptualized the Intuitive Moral Reasoning Test--in five…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Schemata (Cognition)
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Cage, Eilidh; Troxell-Whitman, Zoe – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Camouflaging entails 'masking' in or 'passing' social situations. Research suggests camouflaging behaviours are common in autistic people, and may negatively impact mental health. To enhance understanding of camouflaging, this study examined reasons, contexts and costs of camouflaging. 262 autistic people completed measures of camouflaging…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Behavior, Mental Health
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Kuiper, Marieke W. M.; Verhoeven, Elisabeth W. M.; Geurts, Hilde M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Auditory sensitivities are common among people with autism spectrum disorder diagnoses (ASD). As underlying factors are unknown, we examined whether ASD adults (N[subscript ASD] = 33; N[subscript Typically Developing] = 31; 25-45 years; IQ > 70): (1) habituated slower to auditory stimuli; (2) had lower auditory detection thresholds; and (3)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Auditory Stimuli
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Hohn, Vanessa D.; de Veld, Danielle M. J.; Mataw, Kawita J. S.; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Insomnia is a common source of distress in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Two characteristics of ASD could be relevant to insomnia complaints by hampering the entrainment of a circadian sleep-wake rhythm. First, sensory hyper-reactivity could lead to bright light avoidance and thus affect photoperiodic input to the circadian system.…
Descriptors: Sleep, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Finke, Erinn H.; Kremkow, Jennifer M. D.; Drager, Kathryn D. R.; Murillo, Angelique; Richardson, Laura; Serpentine, Elizabeth C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of this project was to understand the hopes of parents with children with ASD. Particularly understudied are the hopes parents have for long-term outcomes for their child. A cross-sectional focus group design was used and six focus groups were completed. These groups included parents of (1) preschool aged children who were recently…
Descriptors: Life Satisfaction, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Attitudes, Case Studies
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Chawner, L. R.; Blundell-Birtill, P.; Hetherington, M. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with developmental disorders (DD) often display high levels of selective eating, which can result in micronutrient deficiencies. It is therefore essential to explore ways to increase dietary variety in this population. To identify different types of interventions promoting increased acceptance of new foods or dietary variety for DD…
Descriptors: Intervention, Food, Eating Habits, Autism
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