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Denmark, Tanya; Atkinson, Joanna; Campbell, Ruth; Swettenham, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined facial expressions produced during a British Sign Language (BSL) narrative task (Herman et al., International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 49(3):343-353, 2014) by typically developing deaf children and deaf children with autism spectrum disorder. The children produced BSL versions of a video story in which…
Descriptors: Deafness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sign Language
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Smith, C. J.; Bhanot, A.; Norman, E.; Mullett, J. E.; Bilbo, S. D.; McDougle, C. J.; Zürcher, N. R.; Hooker, J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Imaging technologies such as positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) present unparalleled opportunities to investigate the neural basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, challenges such as deficits in social interaction, anxiety around new experiences, impaired language abilities, and hypersensitivity to…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Training Methods
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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Dudley, Katerina M.; Klinger, Mark R.; Meyer, Allison; Powell, Patrick; Klinger, Laura G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
With the increasing prevalence of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research examining the service experiences of this population is greatly needed. The current study investigated service use, unmet needs, and obstacles to service access for a large sample of adults with ASD. After accounting for various demographic factors known to…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Individual Needs
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Livingston, Lucy Anne; Carr, Bethany; Shah, Punit – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
'Theory of Mind' (ToM) is the ability to attribute mental states to others to make sense of their behaviour. ToM research has informed understanding of (a)typical social behaviour, including the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This began with research on ToM in autistic children and there has been a noticeable increase in the study of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Social Cognition
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Laidi, Charles; Boisgontier, Jennifer; de Pierrefeu, Amicie; Duchesnay, Edouard; Hotier, Sevan; d'Albis, Marc-Antoine; Delorme, Richard; Bolognani, Federico; Czech, Christian; Bouquet, Céline; Amestoy, Anouck; Petit, Julie; Holiga, Štefan; Dukart, Juergen; Gaman, Alexandru; Toledano, Elie; Ly-Le Moal, Myriam; Scheid, Isabelle; Leboyer, Marion; Houenou, Josselin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder under-diagnosed in adults. To date, no consistent evidence of alterations in brain structure has been reported in adults with ASD and few studies were conducted at that age. We analyzed structural magnetic resonance imaging data from 167 high functioning adults with ASD and 195 controls.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain
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Goldfarb, Yael; Gal, Eynat; Golan, Ofer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A course of action often suggested in an attempt to improve employment outcomes of adults with autism spectrum disorder, is to match between special interests and job opportunities. In this commentary, we propose that the match may be more complicated than it seems, possibly overseeing more pressing employment needs that should be answered such…
Descriptors: Adults, Interests, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Platos, Mateusz; Wojaczek, Kinga – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Peer-mediated intervention (PMI) is most commonly defined as a treatment approach that engages typically developing peers to teach children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social skills and increase their social interactions, mainly in a school setting. In this letter, we address the limitations of such understanding of PMI and review the…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kaluzna-Czaplinska, Joanna; Zurawicz, Ewa; Józwik-Pruska, Jagoda – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) describes a set of neurodevelopmental disorders. Despite extensive ASD research lasting more than 60 years, its causes are still unknown. Without indicating the etiology, its development cannot be stopped. Over the years, both the definition and diagnostic criteria have developed. The number of ASD incidence is…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Etiology, Incidence
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Durbin, Anna; Balogh, Robert; Lin, Elizabeth; Wilton, Andrew S.; Lunsky, Yona – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This population-based cohort study examined the relationship between level of continuity of primary care and subsequent emergency department (ED) visits for adults with (n = 66,484) and without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD)(n = 2,760,670). Individuals with IDD were more likely than individuals with no IDD to visit the ED…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Adults, Medical Services
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South, M.; Stephenson, K. G.; Nielson, C. A.; Maisel, M.; Top, D. N.; Kirwan, C. B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Bowler et al. ("Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders" 44(9):2355-2362. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2105-y, 2014) have suggested that a specific memory impairment in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) arises from hippocampal failure to consolidate multiple related pieces of information. Twenty-four adults diagnosed with ASD and matched…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Memory
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Kargas, Niko; López, Beatriz; Reddy, Vasudevi; Morris, Paul – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Current views suggest that autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterised by enhanced low-level auditory discrimination abilities. Little is known, however, about whether enhanced abilities are universal in ASD and how they relate to symptomatology. We tested auditory discrimination for intensity, frequency and duration in 21 adults with ASD…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Auditory Discrimination
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Bowler, Dermot M.; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Gardiner, John M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show intact recognition (supported procedure) but impaired recall (unsupported procedure) of incidentally-encoded context. Because this has not been demonstrated for temporal source, we compared the temporal and spatial source memory of adults with ASD and verbally matched typical adults. Because of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Memory
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Booth, Tom; Murray, Aja Louise; McKenzie, Karen; Kuenssberg, Renate; O'Donnell, Michael; Burnett, Hollie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
There is a need for brief screening instruments for autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) that can be used by frontline healthcare professionals to aid in the decision as to whether an individual should be referred for a full diagnostic assessment. In this study we evaluated the ability of a short form of the autism spectrum quotient (AQ)…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Questionnaires
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Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Lauren; Minshew, Nancy J.; Eack, Shaun M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) spend the majority of their lives as adults, and psychosocial interventions show promise for improving outcomes in this population. This research conducted a systematic review of all peer-review studies evaluating psychosocial interventions for adults with ASD. A total of 1,217 studies were…
Descriptors: Autism, Social Cognition, Intervention, Adults
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