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Bos, Dienke J.; Silver, Benjamin M.; Barnes, Emily D.; Ajodan, Eliana L.; Silverman, Melanie R.; Clark-Whitney, Elysha; Tarpey, Thaddeus; Jones, Rebecca M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Differences in motivation during adolescence relative to childhood and adulthood in autism was tested in a cross-sectional study. 156 Typically developing individuals and 79 individuals with autism ages 10-30 years of age completed a go/nogo task with social and non-social cues. To assess age effects, linear and quadratic models were used.…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Railey, Kirsten S.; Bowers-Campbell, Joy; Love, Abigail M. A.; Campbell, Jonathan M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Semi-structured interviews were employed to (a) characterize LEOs' knowledge of ASD, (b) understand interactions between LEOs and individuals with ASD, and (c) identify training needs to prepare LEOs for interactions with the ASD community. Researchers utilized a constructivist grounded theory approach to analyze data from 17 participants: (a) six…
Descriptors: Law Enforcement, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Crawford, Hayley; Moss, Joanna; Groves, Laura; Dowlen, Robyn; Nelson, Lisa; Reid, Donna; Oliver, Chris – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Unique socio-behavioural phenotypes are reported for individuals with different neurodevelopmental disorders. Here, the effects of adult familiarity and nature of interaction on social anxiety and social motivation were investigated in individuals with fragile X (FXS; n = 20), Cornelia de Lange (CdLS; n = 20) and Rubinstein-Taybi (RTS; n = 20)…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Intellectual Disability, Anxiety, Motivation
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Nimmo-Smith, Victoria; Heuvelman, Hein; Dalman, Christina; Lundberg, Michael; Idring, Selma; Carpenter, Peter; Magnusson, Cecilia; Rai, Dheeraj – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Anxiety is common in children with ASD; however, the burden of specific anxiety disorders for adults with ASD is under-researched. Using the Stockholm Youth Cohort, we compared anxiety disorder diagnoses among autistic adults (n = 4049), with or without intellectual disability, and population controls (n = 217,645). We conducted additional sibling…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schelinski, Stefanie; von Kriegstein, Katharina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We tested the ability to recognise speech-in-noise and its relation to the ability to discriminate vocal pitch in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developed adults (matched pairwise on age, sex, and IQ). Typically developed individuals understood speech in higher noise levels as compared to the ASD group.…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Word Recognition, Acoustics, Auditory Perception
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Smith, Olivia; Jones, Sandra C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Asperger's Syndrome was introduced as a separate diagnostic category in the DSM-4 (1994). Its subsequent absorption into autism spectrum disorder in the DSM-5 (2013) led to vigorous debate and concerns about the loss of the unique Asperger's identity. Existing research has identified that adults previously diagnosed with Asperger's have expressed…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Disability Identification, Clinical Diagnosis, Adults
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Poon, Vitti W. K.; Shu, Dorothy S. T.; Chan, Raymond W. S.; Leung, Cecilia N. W.; Leung, Patrick W. L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient-Adult (AQ-Adult) is a screening tool for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese self- and parent-report versions of the AQ-Adult in Hong Kong (AQ-Adult-HK). Participants included adults with ASD (n = 27) and community controls (n = 345). Parents…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Screening Tests, Adults, Autism
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Kallitsounaki, Aimilia; Williams, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
A link between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and gender identity difficulties has been suggested. In this study, we found that, among adults from the general population (N = 101) ASD traits (measured using the Autism-spectrum Quotient) were associated negatively and significantly with the strength of both explicit gender self-concept (measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Self Concept
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Bal, Vanessa H.; Maye, Melissa; Salzman, Emma; Huerta, Marisela; Pepa, Lauren; Risi, Susan; Lord, Catherine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Few measures are appropriate to assess autism symptoms in minimally verbal adolescents and adults. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd Edition (ADOS-2, Lord et al., in Autism diagnostic observation schedule--2nd edition (ADOS-2). Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2012) Modules 1 and 2 were designed and validated with…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Autism, Observation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bacon, Alex; Beaman, C. Philip; Liu, Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reportedly possess preserved or superior music-processing skills compared to their typically developing counterparts. We examined auditory imagery and earworms (tunes that get "stuck" in the head) in adults with ASD and controls. Both groups completed a short earworm questionnaire together…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Music, Auditory Perception
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Landsiedel, Julia; Williams, David M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Time-based prospective memory (PM) is diminished under various task demands in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, it is still unclear what underpins their impairment or how it could be remediated. This study explored whether instructions to prioritise one element of a PM task over another improved performance in adults with…
Descriptors: Memory, Time, Adults, Autism
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Marsack-Topolewski, Christina N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study provided a description of types and dimensions of informal and formal social support among aging parental caregivers of adult children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Parents participated in a web-based survey regarding use of and satisfaction with social support services for parents or their adult children. Results…
Descriptors: Parents, Social Support Groups, Adults, Autism
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Russ, Victoria; Kovshoff, Hanna; Brown, Tony; Abbott, Patricia; Hadwin, Julie A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study explored the social-cognitive profile of 173 adults referred for an autism assessment. We considered key dimensional traits (autism, empathy and systemising) to understand social cognition in adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition compared with those who were referred for, but did not receive a diagnosis. There were no…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Cai, Ru Ying; Richdale, Amanda L.; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Uljarevic, Mirko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The aim of this study was to identify emotion regulation (ER) strategies that most strongly impact momentary mood in a sample of 23 adults with and 19 without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants completed cognitive and behavioural assessments, online questionnaires, and experience sampling methodology questions. In the ASD group, the use…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychological Patterns
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Chez, Michael; Kile, Shawn; Lepage, Christopher; Parise, Carol; Benabides, Bobbie; Hankins, Andrea – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Prior studies have demonstrated successful irritability treatment using dopaminergic antagonists in autistic patients. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the effect of dextromethorphan/quinidine (DM/Q) in autistic adults (18-60 years of age). This was a randomized, blinded, crossover, study of 14 patients randomized to DM/Q or a placebo…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Randomized Controlled Trials, Pilot Projects, Drug Therapy
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