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Harrop, Clare; Jones, Desiree; Zheng, Shuting; Nowell, Sallie; Boyd, Brian A.; Sasson, Noah – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Recent studies suggest that circumscribed interests (CI) in females with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may align more closely with interests reported in "typical" female development than those typically reported for ASD males. We used eye-tracking to quantify attention to arrays containing combinations of "male",…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Eye Movements
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Øien, Roald A.; Hart, Logan; Schjølberg, Synnve; Wall, Carla A.; Kim, Elizabeth S.; Nordahl-Hansen, Anders; Eisemann, Martin R.; Chawarska, Katarzyna; Volkmar, Fred R.; Shic, Frederick – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Sex differences in typical development can provide context for understanding ASD. Baron-Cohen ("Trends Cogn Sci" 6(6):248-254, 2002) suggested ASD could be considered an extreme expression of normal male, compared to female, phenotypic profiles. In this paper, sex-specific M-CHAT scores from N = 53,728 18-month-old toddlers, including n…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Parent Attitudes, Toddlers, Genetics
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Green, Jonathan; Wan, Ming Wai; Guiraud, Jeanne; Holsgrove, Samina; McNally, Janet; Slonims, Vicky; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Charman, Tony; Pickles, Andrew; Johnson, Mark – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base…
Descriptors: Intervention, At Risk Persons, Infants, Autism
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Alderson-Day, Ben; McGonigle-Chalmers, Margaret – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
Fourteen children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and fourteen age-matched typically-developing (TD) controls were tested on an adapted version of the Twenty Questions Task (Mosher and Hornsby in Studies in cognitive growth. Wiley, New York, pp 86-102, "1966") to examine effects of content, executive and verbal IQ factors on category use in…
Descriptors: Autism, Problem Solving, Short Term Memory, Children
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Dingfelder, Hilary E.; Mandell, David S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
There is growing evidence that efficacious interventions for autism are rarely adopted or successfully implemented in public mental health and education systems. We propose applying diffusion of innovation theory to further our understanding of why this is the case. We pose a practical set of questions that administrators face as they decide about…
Descriptors: Evidence, Intervention, Autism, Theory Practice Relationship
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van Roekel, Eeske; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Didden, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
This study examined: (a) the prevalence of bullying and victimization among adolescents with ASD, (b) whether they correctly perceived bullying and victimization, and (c) whether Theory of Mind (ToM) and bullying involvement were related to this perception. Data were collected among 230 adolescents with ASD attending special education schools. We…
Descriptors: Bullying, Incidence, Autism, Adolescents
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Brosnan, Mark; Daggar, Rajiv; Collomosse, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
Within the Extreme Male Brain theory, Autism Spectrum Disorder is characterised as a deficit in empathising in conjunction with preserved or enhanced systemising. A male advantage in systemising is argued to underpin the traditional male advantage in mental rotation tasks. Mental rotation tasks can be separated into rotational and non-rotational…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Empathy, Gender Differences
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Green, Shulamite A.; Ben-Sasson, Ayelet – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
Anxiety disorders and sensory over-responsivity (SOR) are common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and there is evidence for an association between these two conditions. Currently, it is unclear what causal mechanisms may exist between SOR and anxiety. We propose three possible theories to explain the association between anxiety…
Descriptors: Autism, Risk, Anxiety, Influences
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Santos, Andreia; Deruelle, Christine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
Research on theory of mind (TOM) has provided a major contribution to the understanding of developmental disorders characterized by atypical social behaviour. Yet, there is still little consensus relative to TOM abilities in Williams syndrome (WS). This study used visual and verbal tasks to investigate attribution of intentions in individuals with…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Mental Age, Cognitive Development, Autism
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Falter, Christine M.; Plaisted, Kate C.; Davis, Greg – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
It has been hypothesised that autism is an extreme version of the male brain, caused by high levels of prenatal testosterone (Baron-Cohen 1999). To test this proposal, associations were assessed between three visuo-spatial tasks and prenatal testosterone, indexed in second-to-fourth digit length ratios (2D:4D). The study included children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain, Spatial Ability
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Best, Catherine S.; Moffat, Vivien J.; Power, Michael J.; Owens, David G. C.; Johnstone, Eve C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
Theory of Mind, Weak Central Coherence and executive dysfunction, were investigated as a function of behavioural markers of autism. This was irrespective of the presence or absence of a diagnosis of an autistic spectrum disorder. Sixty young people completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), false belief tests, the block design test,…
Descriptors: Autism, Young Adults, Theories, Behavioral Science Research
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Sheppard, Elizabeth; Ropar, Danielle; Mitchell, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
Weak Central Coherence (Frith, 1989) predicts that, in autism, perceptual processing is relatively unaffected by conceptual analysis. Enhanced Perceptual Functioning (Mottron & Burack, 2001) predicts that the perceptual processing of those with autism is less influenced by conceptual analysis only when higher-level processing is detrimental to…
Descriptors: Autism, Cognitive Development, Coping, Cognitive Processes
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Carroll, Julia M.; Chiew, Kin Yung – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006
Baron-Cohen's [(2002) "Trends in Cognitive Sciences," 6, 248-255] "extreme male brain" theory of autism is investigated by examining the relationships between theory of mind, central coherence, empathising, systemising and autistic-like symptomatology in typical undergraduates. There were sex differences in the expected directions on all tasks.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Empathy, Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Peterson, Candida C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2005
This study examined theory of mind (ToM) and concepts of human biology (eyes, heart, brain, lungs and mind) in a sample of 67 children, including 25 high functioning children with autism (age 6-13), plus age-matched and preschool comparison groups. Contrary to Baron-Cohen [1989, "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders," 19(4),…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Cognitive Processes, Biology
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Lawson, John; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Wheelwright, Sally – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
An experiment was devised to test the empathising-systemising (E-S) theory of autism. Three groups of participants took part in the study: males with Asperger Syndrome (AS) (n = 18), males without AS, (n = 44) and females from the general population (n = 45). Each participant completed two tasks: one that involved empathising and another that…
Descriptors: Adults, Asperger Syndrome, Gender Differences, Empathy
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