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Forbes, Heather J.; Travers, Jason C.; Vickers Johnson, Jenee – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) is a popular intervention for improving targeted and untargeted communication skills for learners with autism. We systematically reviewed communication outcomes reported in experimental research to determine linguistic forms and verbal behavior functions associated with PRT. We found most researchers aggregated…
Descriptors: Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment, Autism, Communication Skills
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Thrower, Emily; Bretherton, Ingrid; Pang, Ken C.; Zajac, Jeffrey D.; Cheung, Ada S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can compromise health and may be more prevalent amongst individuals with gender dysphoria (GD). Symptoms such as attention or social difficulties can impact assessment of GD, understanding of health information, and engagement in clinical care. To ensure…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Incidence
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Lory, Catharine; Mason, Rose A.; Davis, John L.; Wang, Danni; Kim, So Yeon; Gregori, Emily; David, Marie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Challenging behavior is a significant barrier in accessing the general education curriculum for students with developmental disabilities. This necessitates the identification of evidence-based practices for addressing challenging behavior in inclusive settings. The purpose of our meta-analysis is to (a) quantify the magnitude of effect of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Students with Disabilities, Evidence Based Practice
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Fuller, Elizabeth A.; Kaiser, Ann P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This meta-analysis examined the effects of early interventions on social communication outcomes for young children with autism spectrum disorder. A systematic review of the literature included 1442 children (mean age 3.55 years) across 29 studies. The overall effect size of intervention on social communication outcomes was significant (g = 0.36).…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Interpersonal Communication, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Zhang, Juan; Meng, Yaxuan; He, Jinbo; Xiang, Yutao; Wu, Chenggang; Wang, Shibin; Yuan, Zhen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
By synthesizing existing behavioural studies through a meta-analytic approach, the current study compared the performances of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing groups in audiovisual speech integration and investigated potential moderators that might contribute to the heterogeneity of the existing findings. In total, nine…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Speech, Auditory Perception
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Van Hecke, Ruth; Danneels, Maya; Dhooge, Ingeborg; Van Waelvelde, Hilde; Wiersema, Jan R.; Deconinck, Frederik J. A.; Maes, Leen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This review was performed to investigate the characteristics of vestibular dysfunctions in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). The majority of the included studies reported central and/or peripheral vestibular aberrations in a subset of these children. These alterations may result in symptoms of distorted motor coordination or…
Descriptors: Children, Developmental Disabilities, Neurological Impairments, Human Posture
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Safer-Lichtenstein, Jonathan; Hamilton, Jillian C.; McIntyre, Laura Lee – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We reviewed the demographic reporting practices and diversity of participants in published randomized controlled trial studies of group-based social skills interventions (GSSIs) for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 17 studies met inclusionary criteria. Results of this review suggest that the majority of published RCTs…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Randomized Controlled Trials, Intervention
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Howells, Katherine; Sivaratnam, Carmel; May, Tamara; Lindor, Ebony; McGillivray, Jane; Rinehart, Nicole – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this novel review and meta-analysis was to clarify the effects of group-based organised physical activity (OPA) for social and communicative outcomes in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Searches yielded 4347 articles. Eleven were identified for review and seven for meta-analysis. Pooled statistical results revealed a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physical Activities, Social Development
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Mason, David; Ingham, Barry; Urbanowicz, Anna; Michael, Cos; Birtles, Heather; Woodbury-Smith, Marc; Brown, Toni; James, Ian; Scarlett, Clare; Nicolaidis, Christina; Parr, Jeremy R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people are more likely to: be diagnosed with a range of physical health conditions (i.e. cardio-vascular disease); experience premature mortality (for most disease categories); and experience barriers to effectively accessing healthcare. This systematic review sought to identify studies that report on barriers and facilitators to physical…
Descriptors: Autism, Barriers, Access to Health Care, At Risk Persons
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Stack, Alexia; Lucyshyn, Joseph – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Children with autism incur trauma and have increased vulnerabilities for experiencing trauma. This paper summarizes the current literature in the study of trauma in typically developing children and those with autism. A treatment model for children with autism, drawing on components from cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), trauma-focused CBT, and…
Descriptors: Autism, At Risk Persons, Children, Trauma
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Rogge, Nicky; Janssen, Juliette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism is associated with a range of costs. This paper reviews the literature on estimating the economic costs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). More or less 50 papers covering multiple countries (US, UK, Australia, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, etc.) were analysed. Six types of costs are discussed in depth: (i) medical and healthcare service…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Costs, Health Care Costs
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Morris, Rae; Greenblatt, Andrea; Saini, Michael – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Gaps in research knowledge exist regarding patient-provider interactions with individuals with autism in healthcare settings. To address this, a scoping review was conducted focusing on the experiences of healthcare professionals working with individuals with autism. A systematic search and screen of the literature resulted in 27 relevant studies.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physician Patient Relationship, Health Personnel
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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Harmsen, Irene E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Empathy is an essential component of human social life. It requires the ability to understand another's mental state and respond with an appropriate emotion or action. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been described to exhibit atypical empathic responses which limit communication and social interactions. This review highlights…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Manning, Catherine; Evers, Kris; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Visual perception in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often debated in terms of enhanced local and impaired global perception. Deficits in global motion perception seem to support this characterization, although the evidence is inconsistent. We conducted a large meta-analysis on global motion, combining 48 articles on biological…
Descriptors: Motion, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception
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