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Anderson, Anastasia H.; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
An on-line survey of 102 (51 females; undergraduate and graduate) university students with ASD across Australia and New Zealand examined student characteristics and satisfaction with academic and non-academic supports. A broad range of disciplines were studied, and the participants' reported strengths included a passion for learning, strong…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, College Students, Autism
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Dreaver, Jessica; Thompson, Craig; Girdler, Sonya; Adolfsson, Margareta; Black, Melissa H.; Falkmer, Marita – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Employment outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are poor and there is limited understanding on how best to support individuals with ASD in the workplace. Stakeholders involved in the employment of adults with ASD, including employers and employment service providers have unique insights into the factors influencing…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Employment Level, Success
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Anderson, Anastasia H.; Stephenson, Jennifer; Carter, Mark – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The university experience of students with ASD was explored through a qualitative study of 11 former university students and six significant others from Australia and New Zealand. A range of key issues were identified including difficulties encountered when studying, reasons for completion and non-completion, supports used, and coping strategies…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Experience, Dropouts
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Kent, Cally; Cordier, Reinie; Joosten, Annette; Wilkes-Gillan, Sarah; Bundy, Anita – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Peer-mediated interventions (PMIs) are often used to support children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to develop social skills. However, more investigation is needed to better understand the role of peers as both intervention recipients and models. Sixty-five typically developing peers who participated in a PMI for children with ASD were…
Descriptors: Peer Mediation, Intervention, Play, Autism
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Rasmussen, Lotte; Pratt, Nicole; Roughead, Elizabeth; Moffat, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Based on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with pharmacy dispensing data from the Australian Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, we calculated the 1-year prevalence of psychotropic medicine supply in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as reported by parents in 2014. The majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incidence, Drug Therapy, Children
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den Houting, Jacquiline; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism research funding across the world has disproportionately been invested in biological and genetic research, despite evidence that these topics are not prioritized by community members. We sought to determine whether a similar pattern was evident in Australia's autism research funding landscape between 2008 and 2017, by analysing the nation's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Portfolio Assessment, Research
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Rogge, Nicky; Janssen, Juliette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism is associated with a range of costs. This paper reviews the literature on estimating the economic costs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). More or less 50 papers covering multiple countries (US, UK, Australia, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, etc.) were analysed. Six types of costs are discussed in depth: (i) medical and healthcare service…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Costs, Health Care Costs
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Churruca, K.; Ellis, L. A.; Long, J. C.; Pomare, C.; Wiles, L. K.; Arnolda, G.; Ting, H. P.; Woolfenden, S.; Sarkozy, V.; de Wet, C.; Hibbert, P.; Braithwaite, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Knowledge about the quality of care delivered to children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in relation to that recommended by clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is limited. ASD care quality indicators were developed from CPGs and validated by experts, then used to assess the quality of care delivered by general practitioners (GPs) and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries, Guidelines
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Parsons, Dave; Cordier, Reinie; Lee, Hoe; Falkmer, Torbjorn; Vaz, Sharmila – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This exploratory randomised controlled trial tested the effectiveness of a tablet-based information communication technology early intervention application to augment existing therapy with the aim of improving visual motor, imitation, language and social skills in young children with ASD who reside in regional areas. Fifty-nine participants were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Computer Use, Early Intervention, Autism
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Anderson, Anastasia H.; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at heightened risk of post-secondary educational failure and account for approximately 1% of students in post-secondary education. Findings from an on-line survey of students with ASD attending university in Australian are reported in this study. Respondents indicated high rates of academic and…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, College Students, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Cole, Eleanor J.; Barraclough, Nick E.; Enticott, Peter G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
ASD is associated with mentalizing deficits that may correspond with atypical mirror system (MS) activation. We investigated MS activity in adults with and without ASD when inferring others' intentions using TMS-induced motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and mu suppression measured by EEG. Autistic traits were measured for all participants. Our EEG…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Social Cognition
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May, Tamara; Williams, Katrina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Recent evidence suggests the male predominance in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be decreasing. Secondary analyses of Australian Medicare data (paediatrician/child psychiatrist items for diagnosing ASD before age 13) were used (N = 73,463 unique children from 1-July-2008 to 30-June-2016). Cumulative incidence of ASD in 4-year-olds in 2015/2016…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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May, Tamara; Pang, Ken C.; Williams, Katrina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Past research suggests more variation in sexual attraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using clinical samples. This study utilised a population representative group of 14/15 year olds from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Ninety-four adolescents (73 males, 21 females) with ASD and 3454 (1685 males, 1675 females) without…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sexuality, Interpersonal Attraction
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Eapen, Valsamma; Maybery, Murray; Midford, Sue; Paynter, Jessica; Quarmby, Lyndsay; Smith, Timothy; Williams, Katrina; Whitehouse, Andrew J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Previous research shows inconsistency in clinician-assigned diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We conducted an exploratory study that examined the concordance of diagnoses between a multidisciplinary assessment team and a range of independent clinicians throughout Australia. Nine video-taped Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Foreign Countries
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May, Tamara; Pang, Ken C.; O'Connell, Michele A.; Williams, Katrina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Secondary data analyses from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children Kindergarten cohort were performed to understand any alterations in pubertal timing in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in a population sample. Timing of parent-reported pubertal events (ages 8-9, 10-11, 12-13 years), and self-report (14-15 years; N = 3454 no ASD, N = 94 with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Puberty, Longitudinal Studies, Regression (Statistics)
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