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Kadlaskar, Girija; Seidl, Amanda; Tager-Flusberg, Helen; Nelson, Charles A.; Keehn, Brandon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Multimodal communication may facilitate attention in infants. This study examined the presentation of caregiver touch-only and touch + speech input to 12-month-olds at high (HRA) and low risk for ASD. Findings indicated that, although both groups received a greater number of touch + speech bouts compared to touch-only bouts, the duration of…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Infants, Caregiver Child Relationship, Speech Communication
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Barokova, Mihaela; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The role of language in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), more specifically, its function in social communication and strong predictive power on future outcomes, warrants language assessments that have good psychometric properties that capture the heterogeneity of language ability found among diagnosed individuals. Given the rapid growth in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Natural Language Processing, Outcome Measures
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Choi, Boin; Shah, Priyanka; Rowe, Meredith L.; Nelson, Charles A.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We investigated gesture production in infants at high and low risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregiver responsiveness between 12 and 24 months of age and assessed the extent to which early gesture predicts later language and ASD outcomes. Participants included 55 high-risk infants, 21 of whom later met criteria for ASD, 34 low-risk…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Infants, At Risk Persons, Autism
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Kadlaskar, Girija; Seidl, Amanda; Tager-Flusberg, Helen; Nelson, Charles A.; Keehn, Brandon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Atypical response to tactile input is associated with greater socio-communicative impairments in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study examined overt orienting to caregiver-initiated touch in 12-month-olds at high risk for ASD (HRA) with (HRA+) and without (HRA-) a later diagnosis of ASD compared to low-risk comparison…
Descriptors: Infants, At Risk Persons, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Pecukonis, Meredith; Plesa Skwerer, Daniela; Eggleston, Brady; Meyer, Steven; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Numerous studies have investigated the predictors of language in pre-verbal toddlers and verbally fluent children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study investigated the concurrent relations among expressive language and a set of empirically-selected social communication variables--joint attention, imitation, and play--in a unique…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Perdue, Katherine L.; Edwards, Laura A.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen; Nelson, Charles A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We investigated heart rate (HR) in infants at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of age, at high (HRA) and low (LRC) familial risk for ASD, to identify potential endophenotypes of ASD risk related to attentional responses. HR was extracted from functional near-infrared spectroscopy recordings while infants listened to speech stimuli. Longitudinal analysis…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Infants, At Risk Persons
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Edwards, Laura A.; Wagner, Jennifer B.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen; Nelson, Charles A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
In this study, we investigated neural precursors of language acquisition as potential endophenotypes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 3-month-old infants at high and low familial ASD risk. Infants were imaged using functional near-infrared spectroscopy while they listened to auditory stimuli containing syllable repetitions; their neural…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Spectroscopy, Infants
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Lazenby, DeWayne C.; Sideridis, Georgios D.; Huntington, Noelle; Prante, Matthew; Dale, Philip S.; Curtin, Suzanne; Henkel, Lisa; Iverson, Jana M.; Carver, Leslie; Dobkins, Karen; Akshoomoff, Natacha; Tagavi, Daina; Nelson, Charles A., III; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Little is known about early language development in infants who later develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We analyzed prospective data from 346 infants, some of whom were at high risk for developing ASD, to determine if language differences could be detected at 12 months of age in the infants who later were diagnosed with ASD. Analyses…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Infants, Language Acquisition
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Gabard-Durnam, Laurel; Tierney, Adrienne L.; Vogel-Farley, Vanessa; Tager-Flusberg, Helen; Nelson, Charles A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
An emerging focus of research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) targets the identification of early-developing ASD endophenotypes using infant siblings of affected children. One potential neural endophenotype is resting frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha asymmetry, a metric of hemispheric organization. Here, we examined the development of…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Infants, At Risk Persons
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Talbott, Meagan R.; Nelson, Charles A.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
We examined the home-based concerns reported by mothers of infant siblings of children with autism across the first year of life. At all three ages measured, mothers of high-risk infants were significantly more likely than mothers of low-risk infants to report language, social communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior concerns but were…
Descriptors: Infants, Mothers, Siblings, Parent Child Relationship
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Shield, Aaron; Meier, Richard P.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
We report the first study on pronoun use by an under-studied research population, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exposed to American Sign Language from birth by their deaf parents. Personal pronouns cause difficulties for hearing children with ASD, who sometimes reverse or avoid them. Unlike speech pronouns, sign pronouns are…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Form Classes (Languages), Autism, Use Studies
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Talbott, Meagan R.; Nelson, Charles A.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Impairments in language and communication are an early-appearing feature of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with delays in language and gesture evident as early as the first year of life. Research with typically developing populations highlights the importance of both infant and maternal gesture use in infants' early language development.…
Descriptors: Mothers, Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Language Impairments
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Chita-Tegmark, Meia; Arunachalam, Sudha; Nelson, Charles A.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
To explore how being at high risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), based on having an older sibling diagnosed with ASD, affects word comprehension and language processing speed, 18-, 24- and 36-month-old children, at high and low risk for ASD were tested in a cross-sectional study, on an eye gaze measure of receptive language that measured how…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Siblings, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Olu-Lafe, Olufemi; Liederman, Jacqueline; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
There is considerable debate about whether people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are biased toward local information and whether this disrupts their ability to integrate two complex shapes elements into a single figure. Moreover, few have examined the relationship between integration ability and ASD symptom severity. Adolescent/adult males…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Ability, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Grossman, Ruth B.; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Data on emotion processing by individuals with ASD suggest both intact abilities and significant deficits. Signal intensity may be a contributing factor to this discrepancy. We presented low- and high-intensity emotional stimuli in a face-voice matching task to 22 adolescents with ASD and 22 typically developing (TD) peers. Participants heard…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Emotional Response, Autism, Nonverbal Communication
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