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Nilsson Jobs, Elisabeth; Falck-Ytter, Terje; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on visual local and global perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is incomplete in young children. We investigated 35 three-year-old siblings of children with ASD, either diagnosed (n = 12) or not diagnosed (n = 23) with ASD as well as 14 controls with typical development and with no family history of ASD. Data from the local tasks…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Siblings
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Sumner, Emma; Leonard, Hayley C.; Hill, Elisabeth L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Motor and social difficulties are often found in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), to varying degrees. This study investigated the extent of overlap of these problems in children aged 7-10 years who had a diagnosis of either ASD or DCD, compared to typically-developing controls.…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Interpersonal Competence
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Greenslade, Kathryn J.; Coggins, Truman E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
This study presents an independent replication and extension of psychometric evidence supporting the "Theory of Mind Inventory" ("ToMI"). Parents of 20 children with ASD (4; 1-6; 7 years; months) and 20 with typical development (3; 1-6; 5), rated their child's theory of mind abilities in everyday situations. Other parent report…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Psychometrics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Matthews, Nicole L.; Pollard, Elena; Ober-Reynolds, Sharman; Kirwan, Janet; Malligo, Amanda; Smith, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Profiles of performance on the Stanford Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5) and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) were examined in 73 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. SB5 cognitive profiles were observed to be similar between participants with and without early language delay, but different between participants with and…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Adolescents, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Mouga, Susana; Almeida, Joana; Café, Cátia; Duque, Frederico; Oliveira, Guiomar – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
We investigated the influence of specific autism spectrum disorder (ASD) deficits in learning adaptive behaviour, besides intelligence quotient (IQ). Participated 217 school-aged: ASD (N = 115), and other neurodevelopmental disorders (OND) groups (N = 102) matched by Full-Scale IQ. We compared standard scores of Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Profiles
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Ashwood, Karen L.; Tye, Charlotte; Azadi, Bahare; Cartwright, Sally; Asherson, Philip; Bolton, Patrick – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occur. Children with ASD and ADHD demonstrate deficits in adaptive functioning, yet pure and comorbid groups have not been directly compared. Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales (VABS-II) data were examined in boys with ASD (n = 17), ADHD (n = 31) and…
Descriptors: Autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Ventola, Pamela; Saulnier, Celine A.; Steinberg, Elizabeth; Chawarska, Katarzyna; Klin, Ami – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Individuals with ASD have significant impairments in adaptive skills, particularly adaptive socialization skills. The present study examined the extent to which 20 items from the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Socialization Domain differentiated between ASD and developmentally delayed (DD) groups. Participants included 108 toddlers with ASD or…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Toddlers, Socialization
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Paul, Rhea; Loomis, Rebecca; Chawarska, Katarzyna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale was administered to 54 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) before age 2, and a matching group of 18 toddlers with developmental delay (DD). The group with ASD was more impaired on all scales of the Vineland than DD peers. When 18 ASD/DD pairs very closely matched on age, verbal and nonverbal…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Paul, Rhea; Miles, Stephanie; Cicchetti, Domenic; Sparrow, Sara; Klin, Ami; Volkmar, Fred; Coflin, Megan; Booker, Shelley – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
The purpose of this study is to provide a microanalysis of differences in adaptive functioning seen between well-matched groups of school-aged children with autism and those diagnosed as having Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, all of whom functioned in the mild to moderate range of intellectual impairment. Findings…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Children, Multivariate Analysis