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Laura del Hoyo Soriano; Audra Sterling; Jamie Edgin; Debra R. Hamilton; Elizabeth Berry-Kravis; Amanda Dimachkie Nunnally; Angela John Thurman; Leonard Abbeduto – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
This study explores sex-differences in (a) rates and profiles of autism symptoms as well as in (b) the contribution of intellectual quotient (IQ) to autism symptom presentation in Down syndrome (DS). Participants were 40 males and 38 females with DS, aged 6 to 23 years. Autism symptoms were rated through the Autism Diagnostic Observation…
Descriptors: Correlation, Gender Differences, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Observation
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Tingting Xie; Huan Ma; Lijuan Wang; Yanfei Du – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
This study explored the impacts of enactment and motor imagery on working memory for instructions in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), children with intellectual disability (ID) and typically developing (TD) children. The participants were asked to hear (hearing condition), imagine enacting (motor imagery condition) and actually enact…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Imagery, Short Term Memory, Autism Spectrum Disorders
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Berloco Bianca; Guerrera Silvia; Fucà Elisa; Menghini Deny; Valeri Giovanni; Nobili Lino; Vicari Stefano – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Insomnia is one of the most common co-occurring disorders in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this cross-sectional cohort study of 270 children with ASD was to assess the prevalence of insomnia using the Pediatric Sleep Clinical Global Impression Scale and to correlate sleep problems with cognitive level, adaptive…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Sleep, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Intervention
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Laila Hadaya; Lucy Vanes; Vyacheslav Karolis; Dana Kanel; Marguerite Leoni; Francesca Happé; A. David Edwards; Serena J. Counsell; Dafnis Batalle; Chiara Nosarti – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Very preterm (VPT; < 33 weeks' gestation) toddlers screening positively for autism spectrum conditions (ASC) may display heterogenous neurodevelopmental trajectories. Here we studied neonatal brain volumes and childhood ASC traits evaluated with the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-2) in VPT-born toddlers (N = 371; median age 20.17 months)…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Premature Infants, Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Screening Tests
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Magdalena del Río; Chris Racey; Zhiting Ren; Jiang Qiu; Hao-Ting Wang; Jamie Ward – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Insofar as the autistic-like phenotype presents in the general population, it consists of partially dissociable traits, such as social and sensory issues. Here, we investigate individual differences in cortical organisation related to autistic-like traits. Connectome gradient decomposition based on resting state fMRI data reliably reveals a…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Sensory Experience, Foreign Countries, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Marina Jodra; Domingo García-Villamisar – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
The impact of the pandemic is being very significant psychologically, especially for people who were already vulnerable in these aspects, such as adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Intellectual Disability (ID). A longitudinal analysis of motor aspects such as balance and gait, executive functions in daily life, severity of symptoms…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Intellectual Disability, COVID-19
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Erin S. M. Matsuba; Beth A. Prieve; Emily Cary; Devon Pacheco; Angela Madrid; Elizabeth McKernan; Elizabeth Kaplan-Kahn; Natalie Russo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
This study characterizes the subcortical auditory brainstem response (speech-ABR) and cortical auditory processing (P1 and Mismatch Negativity; MMN) to speech sounds and their relationship to autistic traits and sensory features within the same group of autistic children (n = 10) matched on age and non-verbal IQ to their typically developing (TD)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Language Processing
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Eric A. Storch; Sophie C. Schneider; Sean M. Olsen; Ana C. Ramirez; Leandra N. Berry; Robin P. Goin-Kochel; Morgan McNeel; Abigail E. Candelari; Andrew G. Guzick; Sandra L. Cepeda; Saira Weinzimmer; Robert G. Voigt; Troy Quast; Wayne K. Goodman; Alison Salloum – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
This trial examined stepped-care cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) among 96 autistic youth with co-occurring anxiety. Step 1 included an open trial of parent-led, therapist-guided bibliotherapy. Step 2 was family-based CBT for those who did not respond to Step 1 or maintenance for those who did. Eighteen participants (28%) who completed Step 1…
Descriptors: Youth, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Anxiety, Comorbidity
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Waleed Jarjoura – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
To propose novel differential criteria of the DSM-5 for diagnosing transient Autistic-like behaviors in children with congenital blindness as a secondary condition. Most references indicate a significantly higher prevalence of autism in children with congenital blindness compared to sighted children. These behavioral symptoms may be transient…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Blindness, Disability Identification, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Amy Keefer; Vini Singh; Yeon Sik Jang; Leigh Alon; Madison Surmacz; Calliope Holingue; Stewart H. Mostofsky; Roma A. Vasa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is a multidimensional construct involving maladaptive responses to uncertainty. IU is strongly associated with autism and anxiety, yet no studies have examined its symptom profile in autistic children. This study compares IU symptom profiles in autistic and NT children and in autistic children with and without…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Children
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Magdalini Asaridou; Ericka L. Wodka; Richard A. E. Edden; Stewart H. Mostofsky; Nicolaas A. J. Puts; Jason L. He – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Sensory differences are highly prevalent in autistic individuals. However, few studies have compared their presentation between autistic males and autistic females. We used psychophysics to assess and compare tactile perceptual sensitivity between autistic and non-autistic boys and girls aged between 8 and 12 years of age. While there were…
Descriptors: Children, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Control Groups, Sensory Experience
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Lauren B. Quetsch; Rebecca S. Bradley; Laurie Theodorou; Kathleen Newton; Cheryl B. McNeil – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
While externalizing behaviors are common among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there is a shortage of specialist community-based clinicians to provide treatment. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), an intervention designed to reduce child disruptive behaviors, may be effective for families of children with ASD but has rarely…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Developmental Delays
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Maja Cepanec; Sanja Šimleša – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Most internationally recognized instruments for the screening and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder have been developed in the USA, which calls into question the degree of their cultural adaptation to diverse populations. The aim of this study is to examine the characteristics of social communication in typically developing Croatian-speaking…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Cultural Relevance
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Susumu Yokota; Mari Tanaka – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience stigmatization rooted in negative attitudes or prejudice toward them due to social awkwardness. However, little is known about implicit attitudes toward ASD, especially differences in attitudes compared to those of more visible conditions; physical disabilities. In this study, we implemented…
Descriptors: Negative Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Bias
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Weihua Zhao; Qin Li; Xiaolu Zhang; Xinwei Song; Siyu Zhu; Xiaojing Shou; Fanchao Meng; Xinjie Xu; Rong Zhang; Keith M Kendrick – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
This study investigated heterogeneity in language skills of children with autism and their relationship with different autistic social subtypes. Data from 90 autistic and 30 typically developing children were analyzed. Results showed that autistic social subtypes varied in language skill problems (aloof > passive > active-but-odd). There was…
Descriptors: Children, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Control Groups, Language Skills
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