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Ferguson, Heather J.; Wimmer, Lena; Black, Jo; Barzy, Mahsa; Williams, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
We report an event-related brain potential (ERP) experiment that tests whether autistic adults are able to maintain and switch between counterfactual and factual worlds. Participants (N = 48) read scenarios that set up a factual or counterfactual scenario, then either maintained the counterfactual world or switched back to the factual world. When…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Adults, Cognitive Processes
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Siyambalapitiya, Samantha; Paynter, Jessica; Nair, Vishnu K. K.; Reuterskiöld, Christina; Tucker, Madonna; Trembath, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Globally, there are more bilingual speakers than monolingual speakers; however, scant research evidence exists regarding social communication development and outcomes for bilingual children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A stronger evidence base will facilitate health professionals and educators providing accurate recommendations regarding…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Bilingualism, Communication Skills
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Barger, Brian; Rice, Catherine; Benevides, Teal; Salmon, Ashley; Sanchez-Alvarez, Sonia; Crimmins, Daniel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
National Surveys of Children's Health (NSCH, 2016-2018) data were analyzed to determine if conjoint monitoring and screening showed stronger associations with children under 5 identified with ASD compared to monitoring alone, screening alone or no monitoring or screening; and investigate relationships between monitoring and screening across…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Disability Identification, Clinical Diagnosis, Autism
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Farley, Britt E.; Griffith, Annette; Mahoney, Amanda; Zhang, Dorthy; Kruse, Laura – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Military families relocate three times more often than non-military families. Those whom have children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder face challenges related to inconsistencies in services, delay of services, and lack of continuity of care. The current study expands the limited research examining the experiences of military families with…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Kremkow, Jennifer M. D.; Finke, Erinn H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Previous research has indicated military families with children with autism reported significant difficulties when relocating with their child with autism. One possible relocation support for these families is an online peer mentorship program with another military spouse with a child with autism who has more relocation experience. The purpose of…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Spouses, Children, Autism
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Goldfarb, Yael; Gal, Eynat; Golan, Ofer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
This mixed-methods study examined longitudinal data, assessing Israeli autistic adults' employment-related changes, resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. In the quantitative phase, 23 participants answered a survey before and during COVID-19, assessing work-status, mental health, and work-related psychological need satisfaction. The qualitative…
Descriptors: Employment, Unemployment, COVID-19, Pandemics
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Aykan, Simge; Puglia, Meghan H.; Kalaycioglu, Canan; Pelphrey, Kevin A.; Tuncali, Timur; Nalçaci, Erhan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Our aim was to use theta coherence as a quantitative trait to investigate the relation of the polymorphisms in "NKCC1" (rs3087889) and "KCC2" (rs9074) channel protein genes to autistic traits (AQ) in neurotypicals. Coherence values for candidate connection regions were calculated from eyes-closed resting EEGs in two independent…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Baweja, Raman; Brown, Sierra L.; Edwards, Erin M.; Murray, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
The COVID-19 infectious disease pandemic has caused significant fear and uncertainty around the world and had significant adverse psychological impact. Children, adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are a particularly vulnerable population, impacted by stay-at-home orders, closures at nonessential services, and social…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Lee, Inn-Chi; Wang, Yu-Hsun; Chiou, Jeng-Yuan; Wei, James Cheng-Chung – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
We analyzed claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance database, which contains data of 23.5 million Taiwan residents. We included children born after January 1, 2000 who had received a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Patients who were not diagnosed with ASD were included in the control group. The ASD prevalence was 517 in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Perinatal Influences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Dindar, Katja; Loukusa, Soile; Helminen, Terhi M.; Mäkinen, Leena; Siipo, Antti; Laukka, Seppo; Rantanen, Antti; Mattila, Marja-Leena; Hurtig, Tuula; Ebeling, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
This study examined social-pragmatic inferencing, visual social attention and physiological reactivity to complex social scenes. Participants were autistic young adults (n = 14) and a control group of young adults (n = 14) without intellectual disability. Results indicate between-group differences in social-pragmatic inferencing, moment-level…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Inferences, Attention, Social Cognition
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Thorsen, Morten; Bilenberg, Niels; Thorsen, Lena; Michel, Tanja Maria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Oxidative stress has been proposed as being important in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and heightened levels of oxidative stress has found in children with ASD. Our aim was to investigate, whether this change is temporary or persist into adulthood. We included 89 adult patients with ASD and sex and age matched controls.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology
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Drill, Rochelle B.; Bellini, Scott – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrate atypical development, resulting in significant deficits in perspective-taking and observational learning. Children with ASD tend to have challenges in social interactions and academic performance, such as comprehending narrative texts, which heavily rely on accurate understanding of the…
Descriptors: Theater Arts, Story Telling, Intervention, Video Technology
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Morosohk, Ellie; Miltenberger, Raymond – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
It is important for children to learn safety skills, especially involving dangerous stimuli such as medicine that can be found in almost every household. This study examined a generalization-enhanced behavioral skills training package to teach children with autism poison safety skills. Three children ages 4- to 10-years-old received generalization…
Descriptors: Child Safety, Poisoning, Hazardous Materials, Children
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Moore, Heather L.; Rogan, Leanne; Taylor, Lauren J.; Charman, Tony; Le Couteur, Ann; Green, Jonathan; Grahame, Victoria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
A wealth of parent-report research shows adaptive functioning difficulties in autistic children, with parent-report influenced by a number of child factors. Adaptive functioning in autistic children is known to vary across settings; however, no research has yet explored factors influencing education professional-report. This study investigated the…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Children, Severity (of Disability)
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Neuhaus, Emily; Kang, Veronica Youn; Kresse, Anna; Corrigan, Sarah; Aylward, Elizabeth; Bernier, Raphael; Bookheimer, Susan; Dapretto, Mirella; Jack, Allison; Jeste, Shafali; McPartland, James C.; Van Horn, John D.; Pelphrey, Kevin; Webb, Sara Jane – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Aggressive behaviors are common among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and correlate with pervasive social-emotional difficulties. Communication skill is an important correlate of disruptive behavior in typical development, and clarification of links between communication and aggression in ASD may inform intervention methods. We…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, Youth
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