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Travers, Brittany G.; Mason, Andrea H.; Mrotek, Leigh Ann; Ellertson, Anthony; Dean, Douglas C., III; Engel, Courtney; Gomez, Andres; Dadalko, Olga I.; McLaughlin, Kristine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The present study examined the effects of a visual-based biofeedback training on improving balance challenges in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-nine youth with ASD (7-17 years) completed an intensive 6-week biofeedback-based videogame balance training. Participants exhibited training-related balance improvements that significantly…
Descriptors: Biofeedback, Video Games, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Martínez-González, A. E.; Piqueras, J. A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) is one of the two key diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). DSM-5 highlights the importance of severity-based diagnostic modifiers assigned on the basis of intensity of needed supports. Therefore, there is a need for available measures that assess the severity of RRB. The repetitive…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Psychometrics
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Clark, Megan Louise Erin; Vinen, Zoe; Barbaro, Josephine; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is considered best practice, increasing access to early intervention. Yet, many children are diagnosed after 3-years. The current study investigated the school age outcomes of children who received an early and later diagnosis of ASD. The cognitive and behavioural outcomes of children diagnosed early (n…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Early Intervention, Disability Identification
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Arias, Víctor B.; Gómez, Laura E.; Morán, Ma. Lucía; Alcedo, Ma. Ángeles; Monsalve, Asunción; Fontanil, Yolanda – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The main goal was to test if children with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show lower quality of life (QOL) in comparison to those with only ID. The KidsLife Scale was applied to 1060 children with ID, 25% of whom also had ASD, aged 4-21 years old. Those with ASD showed lower scores in several QOL domains but, when…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Quality of Life, Intellectual Disability
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Haney, Jolynn L.; Houser, Linda; Cullen, Jennifer A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Emotional and behavioral difficulties in children with autism often present problems for families seeking appropriate treatment interventions. Using data from the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, ordinal logistic regression models were used to examine the association between parental perceptions about autism and their reports of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Regression (Statistics), Parent Attitudes
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Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Lodi-Smith, Jennifer; Hill, Patrick L.; Spain, Seth M.; Lopata, Christopher; Thomeer, Marcus L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) impacts well-being across the lifespan. Individuals with ASD evidence differences in personality traits and self-concept clarity that are predictors of well-being in typically-developing individuals. The current research replicates a growing body of evidence demonstrating differences in well-being and personality…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Well Being
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Weiss, Jonathan A.; Isaacs, Barry; Diepstra, Heidi; Wilton, Andrew S.; Brown, Hilary K.; McGarry, Caitlin; Lunsky, Yona – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have many health needs that place demands on the health service sector. This study used administrative data to compare health profiles in young adults 18-24 years of age with ASD to peers with and without other developmental disability. Young adults with ASD were more likely to have almost all the…
Descriptors: Health, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Public Policy
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Cidav, Zuleyha; Xie, Ming; Mandell, David S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The prevalence and risk of foster care involvement among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relative to children with intellectual disability (ID), children with ASD and ID, and typically developing children were examined using 2001-2007 Medicaid data. Children were followed up to the first foster care placement or until the end of 2007;…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Risk, Placement, Children
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Conner, Caitlin M.; White, Susan W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Intervention research on adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is sparse. Many adults with ASD experience impaired emotion regulation (ER), which is thought to contribute to higher rates of psychiatric comorbidities among adults with ASD and indirect effects upon adaptive functioning, interpersonal relationships, and vocational status. The…
Descriptors: Therapy, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Cai, Ru Ying; Richdale, Amanda L.; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Uljarevic, Mirko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The aim of this study was to examine the inter-relationship between emotion regulation (ER), intolerance of uncertainty (IU), and symptoms of anxiety and depression in adolescents and young adults diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Sixty-one individuals aged 14-24 years (M[subscript age] = 18.19; SD[subscript age] = 2.19) completed the…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Anxiety
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Berg, Kristin L.; Acharya, Kruti; Shiu, Cheng-Shi; Msall, Michael E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The effects of family adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on timing of ASD diagnoses and receipt of therapies were measured using data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Parametric accelerated failure time models estimated the relationship between family ACEs and both timing of ASD diagnosis and receipt of therapies among US…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Comparative Analysis, Barriers
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St. John, Tanya; Dawson, Geraldine; Estes, Annette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The contributions of Executive Function (EF) to academic achievement in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are not well understood. Academic achievement and its association with EF is described in 32, 9-year-old children with ASD. EF at age 6 and 9, and academic achievement at age 9 were assessed as part of a larger longitudinal study.…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Stewart, Mary E.; Petrou, Alexandra M.; Ota, Mitsuhiko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study tested whether individuals with autism spectrum conditions (n = 23) show enhanced discrimination of acoustic differences that signal a linguistic contrast (i.e., /g/ versus /k/ as in "goat" and "coat") and whether they process such differences in a less categorical fashion as compared with 23 IQ-matched typically…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Speech, Adults, Autism
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Hwang, Soonjo; Kim, Young Shin; Koh, Yun-Joo; Leventhal, Bennett L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
While a growing number of studies indicate associations between experiences of bullying and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it is not clear what roles comorbid behavioral problems may play. We investigated the experiences of children with ASD as victims and/or perpetrators of bullying. Children with ASD epidemiologically ascertained participated…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Bullying, Comorbidity
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Krüger, Britta; Kaletsch, Morten; Pilgramm, Sebastian; Schwippert, Sven-Sören; Hennig, Jürgen; Stark, Rudolf; Lis, Stefanie; Gallhofer, Bernd; Sammer, Gebhard; Zentgraf, Karen; Munzert, Jörn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
One major characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is problems with social interaction and communication. The present study explored ASD-related alterations in perceiving emotions expressed via body movements. 16 participants with ASD and 16 healthy controls observed video scenes of human interactions conveyed by point-light displays. They…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Nonverbal Communication
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