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Showing 1 to 15 of 996 results Save | Export
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Beckene, Tessy; Forrester-Jones, Rachel; Murphy, Glynis H. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: People with intellectual disabilities are more vulnerable to sexual abuse and are more disadvantaged in the criminal justice system than the general population. However, little is known about the experiences of people with intellectual disabilities who have allegedly been victims of sexual abuse and also been witnesses in court.…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Trauma, Intellectual Disability, Caregiver Attitudes
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McGilloway, Connie; Smith, David; Galvin, Rose – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Sexual violence is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The incidence of sexual violence against adults with intellectual disability is significantly higher than in the general population. The aim of this systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis was to explore the barriers faced by adults with intellectual…
Descriptors: Barriers, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Rape
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Jones, Emma; Chaplin, Eddie – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Despite considerable advance and growth in the evidence base for psychological interventions as treatment for sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID), there remains limited evidence to support their effectiveness. This systematic review seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions on reducing reoffending…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Intellectual Disability, Intervention, Counseling Techniques
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Malovic, A.; Murphy, G.; Coulton, S. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Previous studies and national reports have all noted that a significant proportion of the young people who display harmful sexual behaviours have intellectual disabilities. However, research on the topic has been scarce. This study presents a systematic review of the literature relating to clinical instruments specifically developed or…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Databases, Intellectual Disability, Risk
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Dinwoodie, Robert; Greenhill, Beth; Cookson, Alex – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Previous research aiming to understand the lives of lesbian, gay bisexual and trans (LGBT) people labelled with intellectual disabilities is limited. There are few recent studies and available findings are often contradictory and inconsistent. Method: This study aimed to explore how LGBT people labelled with intellectual disabilities…
Descriptors: LGBTQ People, Intellectual Disability, Sexual Identity, Bullying
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Tallentire, Liz; Smith, Matthew; David, Lee; Roberts, Adam; Bruce; Morrow, Sarah; Withers, Paul; Smith, Ian – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: This research is about people who have intellectual disabilities and live in a secure hospital. It is about a group of people who meet at a support group. The support group is for people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. Methods: These people with intellectual disabilities helped with planning, doing, and telling other…
Descriptors: LGBTQ People, Intellectual Disability, Social Support Groups, Personal Narratives
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Grace, Nici; Greenhill, Beth; Withers, Paul – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Research into how people with intellectual disabilities (ID) pursue intimate relationships in care settings presents some contradictory findings; despite increasingly liberal staff views, service users experience significant restrictions. This study attempts to explore this gap within a secure hospital, examining service user's…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Intellectual Disability, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship
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Pownall, Jaycee; Wilson, Sarah; Jahoda, Andrew – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Cognitive impairments are often assumed to underlie individuals' difficulties with understanding health issues. However, it was predicted that socially excluded individuals would have greater difficulty gaining understanding of sensitive topics related to sexuality than other public health messages, such as alcohol use. Method: The…
Descriptors: Mild Intellectual Disability, Physical Disabilities, Health, Sexuality
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Voss, Hille; Vogel, Anique; Wagemans, Annemieke M. A.; Francke, Anneke L.; Metsemakers, Job F. M.; Courtens, Annemie M.; Veer, Anke J. E. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Advance care planning (ACP) is the process of discussing and documenting wishes and preferences for future care. Research about ACP for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited. This study describes what is important for ACP in the palliative phase of people with intellectual disabilities. Method: In-depth interviews were…
Descriptors: Pain, Administration, Medical Services, Planning
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Mazza, Mario G.; Rossetti, Aurora; Crespi, Giovanna; Clerici, Massimo – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Subjects with intellectual disability (ID) are vulnerable to experience psychiatric disorders. The present authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders, excluding co-occurring autism spectrum disorders, in subjects with intellectual disability. Method: The…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Comorbidity, Mental Disorders, Incidence
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Bellicha, Alice; Coupaye, Muriel; Hocquaux, Léonore; Speter, Fanny; Oppert, Jean-Michel; Poitou, Christine – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: The present authors aimed (a) to objectively quantify spontaneous physical activity (PA) in adult patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and (b) to evaluate the transferability of a home-based exercise training programme in these patients. Method: Physical activity was compared between 10 adult women with PWS (PWS group) and 20…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Adults, Females, Genetic Disorders
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Sadowsky, Molly; McConkey, Roy; Shellard, Amy – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Information about obesity among people with intellectual disability comes mostly from small-scale, national samples in high-income countries. There are limited data from transnational studies. Method: BMI scores had been obtained for over 25,000 youth and adults with intellectual disabilities drawn from 60 European and Eurasian…
Descriptors: Youth, Adults, Obesity, Intellectual Disability
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Schmitz, Gerd; Meis, Jakob M.; Hafferkamp, Matthias; Schmitz, Sabine – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Perception of exertion is essential for self-regulation in sports. The ability to rate perceived exertion (RPE) is regarded as psychophysiological competence, although cognitive components of RPE are largely unknown. The present study tested the hypothesis that cognitive processing speed, perseveration and figural fluency correlate…
Descriptors: Athletics, Athletes, Intellectual Disability, Adults
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Fisher, Marisa H.; Athamanah, Lindsay S.; Sung, Connie; Josol, Cynde Katherine – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Abstract Social inclusion of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is related to positive mental health and social outcomes; yet, individuals with IDD experience societal barriers that limit opportunities for community participation. Providing opportunities for interactions between individuals with and without IDD…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Mentors, Inclusion, Peer Relationship
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Caldwell, Kate; Parker Harris, Sarah; Renko, Maija – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Social entrepreneurship is a growing trend that reflects a shift in contemporary policy towards entrepreneurship and self-employment as viable employment option for people with disabilities. Entrepreneurship is intended to promote autonomy and reduce dependence on entitlement-based services as well as reduce employment disparities…
Descriptors: Entrepreneurship, Intellectual Disability, Self Employment, Self Management
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