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Schnell, Lauren K.; Sidener, Tina M.; DeBar, Ruth M.; Vladescu, Jason C.; Kahng, SungWoo – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Few studies have evaluated methods for training decision-making when functional analysis data are undifferentiated. The current study evaluated computer-based training to teach 20 graduate students to arrange functional analysis conditions, analyze functional analysis data, and implement procedural modifications. Participants were exposed to…
Descriptors: Training, Decision Making, Graduate Students, Computer Software
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Bowe, Melissa; Sellers, Tyra P. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The Performance Diagnostic Checklist-Human Services (PDC-HS) has been used to assess variables contributing to undesirable staff performance. In this study, three preschool teachers completed the PDC-HS to identify the factors contributing to four paraprofessionals' inaccurate implementation of error-correction procedures during discrete trial…
Descriptors: Performance, Check Lists, Preschool Teachers, Paraprofessional School Personnel
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Ming, Siri; Mulhern, Teresa; Stewart, Ian; Moran, Laura; Bynum, Kellie – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
In a "class inclusion" task, a child must respond to stimuli as being involved in two different though hierarchically related categories. This study used a Relational Frame Theory (RFT) paradigm to assess and train this ability in three typically developing preschoolers and three individuals with autism spectrum disorder, all of whom had…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Task Analysis
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Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Matter, Ashley L.; Wiskow, Katie M. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classwide group contingency shown to reduce disruptive student behavior. We examined the feasibility of training young students to lead the GBG in one first-grade and three kindergarten classes. We also examined teacher preference for teacher-led GBG, student-led GBG, or no GBG using a concurrent chains procedure.…
Descriptors: Preferences, Feasibility Studies, Positive Behavior Supports, Student Behavior
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Fahmie, Tara A.; Luczynski, Kevin C. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Over the past decade, researchers have replicated and extended research on the preschool life skills (PLS) program developed by Hanley, Heal, Tiger, and Ingvarsson (2007). This review summarizes recent research with respect to maximizing skill acquisition, improving generality, evaluating feasibility and acceptability, and testing predictions of…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Daily Living Skills, Skill Development, Educational Improvement
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Brodhead, Matthew T.; Courtney, William Timothy; Thaxton, Jackie R. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
We evaluated the effects of an activity schedule embedded within an iPad on varied play across applications. After establishing a pattern of repetitive gameplay, we taught three children with autism to follow the activity schedule using physical guidance. All participants increased their varied play to four applications per session and…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Handheld Devices, Telecommunications
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Carroll, Regina A.; Owsiany, Jennifer; Cheatham, Jessica M. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Previous research comparing the effectiveness of error-correction procedures has involved lengthy assessments that may not be practical in applied settings. We used an abbreviated assessment to compare the effectiveness of five error-correction procedures for four children with autism spectrum disorder or a developmental delay. During the…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Program Effectiveness
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Dixon, Mark R.; McCord, Brandon E.; Belisle, Jordan – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
We evaluated a procedure for teaching two children, one typically developing and one with autism, a higher-order generalized operant response class of unscrambling sight words. The procedures were efficacious in teaching the participants to unscramble words appearing in isolation and in the context of a sentence, with 98% of the presented…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Sight Vocabulary, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schneider, Kiley A.; Devine, Bailey; Aguilar, Gabriella; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Conflicting recommendations exist in the literature regarding the optimal order of stimulus presentation when teaching auditory-visual conditional discriminations. The present study examined the generality of a previously demonstrated advantage of presenting the auditory sample before visual comparisons (sample-first condition) over the reverse…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Auditory Discrimination, Visual Discrimination, Young Children
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Sump, Layla A.; Richman, David M.; Schaefer, Anna Marie; Grubb, Laura M.; Brewer, Adam T. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The efficacy and efficiency of telehealth and in-person training were compared while teaching seven undergraduate students to implement components of discrete trial training. A multiple-baseline design across skills with elements of multiple probe and delayed multiple baseline combined with an alternating-treatments design was used to evaluate the…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Training, Comparative Analysis, Undergraduate Students
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Garner, Joshua; Neef, Nancy A.; Gardner, Ralph – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
This study determined if previously reinforced academic responding recurred when alternative responses were differentially reinforced and subsequently placed on extinction, and whether the magnitude of resurgence was related to the rate of differential reinforcement for the alternative behavior. Three kindergarten students read Greek letters aloud…
Descriptors: Responses, Reinforcement, Learning Processes, Behavior Modification
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Choi, Boyoon; Lee, Kyehoon; Moon, Kwansu; Oah, Shezeen – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
We compared the effects of prompts versus feedback on handwashing behavior across six restrooms at a large university. We evaluated the effects using two separate multiple baseline designs across three men's and three women's restrooms. Results indicate that feedback was more effective for increasing handwashing.
Descriptors: Prompting, Feedback (Response), Hygiene, Sanitary Facilities
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Ghaemmaghami, Mahshid; Hanley, Gregory P.; Jessel, Joshua; Landa, Robin – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Response efficiency plays an important role in the initial success of functional communication training (FCT). Although low-effort functional communication responses (FCRs) have been shown to be most effective in replacing problem behavior; more developmentally advanced FCRs are favored later in the treatment process. Attempts to teach these more…
Descriptors: Responses, Communication Skills, Training, Behavior Problems
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Dass, Tina K.; Kisamore, April N.; Vladescu, Jason C.; Reeve, Kenneth F.; Reeve, Sharon A.; Taylor-Santa, Catherine – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Research on tact acquisition by children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has often focused on teaching participants to tact visual stimuli. It is important to evaluate procedures for teaching tacts of nonvisual stimuli (e.g., olfactory, tactile). The purpose of the current study was to extend the literature on secondary target instruction and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Olfactory Perception, Prompting
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Saini, Valdeep; Sullivan, William E.; Baxter, Emily L.; DeRosa, Nicole M.; Roane, Henry S. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most commonly prescribed interventions for the treatment of severe destructive behavior exhibited by individuals with intellectual disabilities. Although highly effective, FCT has been shown to fail in some cases when treatment is introduced into the child's typical environment. Basic and…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Intellectual Disability, Behavior Modification, Communication Skills
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