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Schnell, Lauren K.; Sidener, Tina M.; DeBar, Ruth M.; Vladescu, Jason C.; Kahng, SungWoo – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Few studies have evaluated methods for training decision-making when functional analysis data are undifferentiated. The current study evaluated computer-based training to teach 20 graduate students to arrange functional analysis conditions, analyze functional analysis data, and implement procedural modifications. Participants were exposed to…
Descriptors: Training, Decision Making, Graduate Students, Computer Software
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Bowe, Melissa; Sellers, Tyra P. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The Performance Diagnostic Checklist-Human Services (PDC-HS) has been used to assess variables contributing to undesirable staff performance. In this study, three preschool teachers completed the PDC-HS to identify the factors contributing to four paraprofessionals' inaccurate implementation of error-correction procedures during discrete trial…
Descriptors: Performance, Check Lists, Preschool Teachers, Paraprofessional School Personnel
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Ming, Siri; Mulhern, Teresa; Stewart, Ian; Moran, Laura; Bynum, Kellie – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
In a "class inclusion" task, a child must respond to stimuli as being involved in two different though hierarchically related categories. This study used a Relational Frame Theory (RFT) paradigm to assess and train this ability in three typically developing preschoolers and three individuals with autism spectrum disorder, all of whom had…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Task Analysis
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Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Matter, Ashley L.; Wiskow, Katie M. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classwide group contingency shown to reduce disruptive student behavior. We examined the feasibility of training young students to lead the GBG in one first-grade and three kindergarten classes. We also examined teacher preference for teacher-led GBG, student-led GBG, or no GBG using a concurrent chains procedure.…
Descriptors: Preferences, Feasibility Studies, Positive Behavior Supports, Student Behavior
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Fahmie, Tara A.; Luczynski, Kevin C. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Over the past decade, researchers have replicated and extended research on the preschool life skills (PLS) program developed by Hanley, Heal, Tiger, and Ingvarsson (2007). This review summarizes recent research with respect to maximizing skill acquisition, improving generality, evaluating feasibility and acceptability, and testing predictions of…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Daily Living Skills, Skill Development, Educational Improvement
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Brodhead, Matthew T.; Courtney, William Timothy; Thaxton, Jackie R. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
We evaluated the effects of an activity schedule embedded within an iPad on varied play across applications. After establishing a pattern of repetitive gameplay, we taught three children with autism to follow the activity schedule using physical guidance. All participants increased their varied play to four applications per session and…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Handheld Devices, Telecommunications
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Griffith, Kristin R.; Ramos, Amber L.; Hill, Kelli E.; Miguel, Caio F. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of equivalence-based instruction (EBI) on the emergence of basic music reading and piano playing skills. Six female college students learned to identify three musical chord notations given their respective dictated names. Participants also learned to play chords on the piano following…
Descriptors: Music Education, Teaching Methods, Instruction, Musical Instruments
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Weyman, Jennifer R.; Sy, Jolene R. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Previous research has shown that praise is an effective reinforcer; however, few researchers have evaluated whether qualitative differences in praise affect responding. The purpose of the current study was to compare the effects of neutral, enthusiastic, and no praise on the rate of matching-to-sample acquisition during discrete-trial training…
Descriptors: Positive Reinforcement, Comparative Analysis, Outcomes of Treatment, Adults
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Muething, Colin S.; Falcomata, Terry S.; Ferguson, Raechal; Swinnea, Samantha; Shpall, Cayenne – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Children with autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities often exhibit invariant responding (i.e., restricted behavioral repertoires), deficits in communication, and challenging behavior. Approaches demonstrated in the basic and applied literature to increase response variability include extinction, lag schedules of…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Communication Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Geiger, Kaneen B.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Hubik, Katie; Jenkins, Sarah R.; Carr, James E. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Discrete-trial teaching is an effective teaching procedure that must be implemented with high integrity to produce optimal learning. Behavioral Skills Training (BST) has proven effective for staff training; however, BST is time and labor intensive. Computer-based instruction (CBI) programs may provide a more efficient and cost-effective…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Listening Skills, Comparative Analysis, Instructional Effectiveness
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Frampton, Sarah E.; Shillingsburg, M. Alice – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Few studies have applied Skinner's (1953) conceptualization of problem solving to teach socially significant behaviors to individuals with developmental disabilities. The current study used a multiple probe design across behavior (sets) to evaluate the effects of problem-solving strategy training (PSST) on the target behavior of explaining how to…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Autism, Problem Solving, Verbal Communication
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Dixon, Mark R.; Wiggins, Scott H.; Belisle, Jordan – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The current investigation sought to extend prior research evaluating the use of the PEAK Relational Training System as a comprehensive treatment model in improving language skills demonstrated by individuals with autism. Baseline PEAK-Direct Training and Verbal Behavior Milestone Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP) assessments were…
Descriptors: Autism, Program Effectiveness, Language Skills, Males
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Fisher, Wayne W.; Greer, Brian D.; Mitteer, Daniel R.; Fuhrman, Ashley M.; Romani, Patrick W.; Zangrillo, Amanda N. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
Recent research findings (DeRosa, Fisher, & Steege, 2015) suggest that minimizing exposure to the establishing operation (EO) for destructive behavior when differential reinforcement interventions like functional communication training (FCT) are introduced may produce more immediate reductions in destructive behavior and prevent or mitigate…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Reinforcement, Behavior Modification, Hypothesis Testing
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Rubow, Christopher C.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Joslyn, P. Raymond – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classroom behavior management procedure that has been shown to be effective in reducing disruptive behavior across many settings and populations (Flower, McKenna, Bunuan, Muething, & Vega, 2014). We investigated the effects of the GBG on student and teacher behavior in two classrooms containing fourth- to…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Modification, Elementary Secondary Education, Special Schools
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Stanley, Caleb R.; Belisle, Jordan; Dixon, Mark R. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
This study evaluated the efficacy of three equivalence-based instruction procedures on the acquisition of novel academic skills by 3 adolescents diagnosed with autism in a school setting. The skills targeted for instruction were related to topics in history, science, and mathematics, and were taught using different training structures from the…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Teaching Methods, Instructional Effectiveness
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