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Machado, Mychal A.; Luczynski, Kevin C. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
The current study evaluated whether a computer-based training program could improve observers' accuracy in scoring discrete instances of problem behavior at 5x normal speed using a multiple-baseline design across subjects. During pretraining and posttraining, observers attempted to score multiple examples of problem behavior at 5.0x without…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Training Methods, Observation, Video Technology
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Ward, Shannon N.; Hanley, Gregory P.; Warner, Christine A.; Gage, Ellen E. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
When problem behavior is controlled by a synthesized reinforcement contingency, a simple omnibus mand that yields access to all reinforcers simultaneously has been shown to effectively replace problem behavior. The question arises as to whether teaching an omnibus mand will preclude the acquisition of specifying mands for each of the combined…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Reinforcement, Autism
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Jimenez-Gomez, Corina; Haggerty, Katherine; Top├žuoglu, Basak – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Activity schedules consist of a series of visual discriminative stimuli, arranged in booklets or binders, which function as prompts for appropriate behavior. Although activity schedules are useful, their typical presentation in binders can be cumbersome and stigmatizing, placing additional barriers for independence and inclusion. The purpose of…
Descriptors: Measurement Equipment, Scheduling, Daily Living Skills, Prompting
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Rajagopal, Sandhya; Nicholson, Katie; Putri, Tiara Rahadian; Addington, Joshua; Felde, Ashley – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
We evaluated a method for teaching children with autism spectrum disorder to respond to tactile stimulation of multiple body parts. Various objects (e.g., hairbrush) produced the sensations (e.g., prickly). In a multiple baseline design across participants, participants learned 9 sensation body part tacts and the evaluation concluded with tests of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Teaching Methods
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Ghaemmaghami, Mahshid; Hanley, Gregory P.; Jessel, Joshua – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Functional communication training (FCT; Carr & Durand, 1985) is a common function-based treatment in which an alternative form of communication is taught to reduce problem behavior. FCT has been shown to result in substantial reductions of a variety of topographically and functionally different types of problem behavior in children and adults…
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Behavior Problems, Behavior Change
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Piazza, Jessica L.; Leaf, Justin B.; Lanier, Lauren L. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Session notes are a required component of documenting behavior analytic sessions. The direct training of writing objective session notes is important to the success of direct line staff completing adequate documentation and meeting requirements set forth by agencies, certification boards, and insurance funders. However, in-person training is not…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Distance Education, Job Training, Notetaking
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Sivaraman, Maithri; Virues-Ortega, Javier; Roeyers, Herbert – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
SARS-CoV-2 is the virus causing COVID-19 and is spread through close person-to-person contact. The use of face masks has been described as an important strategy to slow its transmission. We evaluated the effects of coaching caregivers via telehealth technologies to teach face mask wearing to children with autism spectrum disorder. Six participants…
Descriptors: Medical Evaluation, Telecommunications, Children, Autism
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Hillman, Conrad B.; Lerman, Dorothea C.; Kosel, Molly L. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Further research is needed on strategies to improve employment outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We replicated and extended prior research by examining the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of discrete-trial training (DTT) performance of adults with ASD who were interested in careers as behavior technicians.…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Behavior Modification, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Stocco, Corey S.; Saavedra, Ingrid; Fakharzadeh, Sadaf; Patel, Meg R.; Thompson, Rachel H. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Previous research has shown that responding to the appropriate and problematic speech of individuals diagnosed with developmental disabilities with interested and uninterested listener responses, respectively, can promote more appropriate conversational engagement. However, Fisher et al. (2013) also responded to appropriate speech with access to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reinforcement, Developmental Disabilities, Speech
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Custer, Taylor N.; Stiehl, Christie M.; Lerman, Dorothea C. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have deficits in conversation skills that can interfere with the development of personal and professional relationships. Further research is needed on efficient interventions for targeting conversation skills in adults with ASD and for evaluating the social validity of the outcomes. In this…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Skills
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Clay, Casey J.; Schmitz, Brittany A.; Balakrishnan, Bimal; Hopfenblatt, James P.; Evans, Ashley; Kahng, SungWoo – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Effective training procedures include behavioral skills training (BST), which involves providing written and verbal instructions, modeling of the skill, rehearsal of the skill, and feedback on the performance. This training typically involves in vivo experience in which trainees and students are exposed to risks such as proximity to infectious…
Descriptors: Feasibility Studies, Computer Simulation, Behavior Modification, Skill Development
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Oblak, Mara K. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Recent events have emphasized the need for behavior-analytic service delivery models that can remain clinically consistent and produce high-quality outcomes while adapting to environmental change. This paper reports outcomes of an organization that adapted to changes in its service delivery model during a worldwide pandemic. The organization…
Descriptors: Pandemics, COVID-19, Systems Analysis, Delivery Systems
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Rosales, Ma Krishna; Wilder, David A.; Montalvo, Melissa; Fagan, Benjamin – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
The high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence typically consists of the delivery of a series of high-p instructions immediately followed by the delivery of a low-probability (low-p) instruction and is a commonly used procedure to increase compliance among children with intellectual disabilities. In the current study, we used withdrawal…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Sequential Approach, Compliance (Psychology), Probability
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Meleshkevich, Olga; Axe, Judah B.; Espinosa, Francesca degli – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
An important communication skill for children with autism is answering multiple questions about visual stimuli (e.g., "What is it?" "What color is it?"). We targeted answering "What number?" and "What shape?" in the presence of numbers inside shapes, and "What is it?" and "What color?" in…
Descriptors: Time Factors (Learning), Questioning Techniques, Visual Stimuli, Preschool Children
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Muething, Colin; Pavlov, Alexis; Call, Nathan; Ringdahl, Joel; Gillespie, Scott – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
The current study examined resurgence of problem behavior during thinning of multiple schedules of reinforcement following functional communication training replicating previous research (Briggs et al., 2018). Data were analyzed at each thinning step from subjects enrolled in an intensive day treatment program over a 5-year period. Results…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Incidence
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