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Lojewski, Renee; Rotunda, Rob J.; Arruda, James E. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Descriptive norms, which are beliefs about the most commonly exhibited behavior in a group, are commonly used in normative interventions to reduce harmful drinking and perceptions about the extent of drinking among peers. The present study examined if interventions utilizing gender personalized normative would decrease subjects' misperceptions and…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Control Groups, Age, Drinking
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Woolsey, Conrad – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
The combined-use of alcohol and energy drinks (EDs) on college campuses and in communities has become a considerable public health concern. Among college students, intercollegiate athletes have been identified as being particularly at-risk for excessive alcohol consumption and resultant health and behavioral consequences. The main purpose of this…
Descriptors: Campuses, Prevention, Public Health, Athletes
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Crawford, Lizabeth A.; Novak, Katherine B. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Many students view the abuse of alcohol as integral to the student role. Thus, they feel entitled to drink heavily without sanction. OLS regression was used to assess the extent to which these beliefs about alcohol and the college experience moderate the effects of descriptive and injunctive campus drinking norms on students' levels of alcohol…
Descriptors: Student Role, Drinking, Norms, Perception
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Gieck, D. Joseph; Slagle, David M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
A university-affiliated safe ride program was evaluated to determine whether these programs can reduce drunk-driving related costs. Data was collected from 187 safe ride passengers during three nights of operation. Among the passengers, 93% were enrolled at a local University, 31% were younger than 21, and 40% reported a prior alcohol-related…
Descriptors: Evidence, Drinking, Costs, Universities
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Segrist, Dan J.; Pettibone, Jonathan C. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Two-hundred-and-twelve college students read a vignette about a 21-year-old male described as a college student or a retail management trainee drinking at a bar alone or with friends. Participants provided estimates of the number of drinks that indicate heavy drinking in this situation. Participants also provided estimates of the number of…
Descriptors: College Students, Alcohol Abuse, Student Attitudes, Vignettes
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Braitman, Abby L.; Kelley, Michelle L.; Ladage, Jessica; Schroeder, Valarie; Gumienny, Leslie A.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Klostermann, Keith – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
The present paper compared drinking and drug use in Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOAs), compared to non-ACOAs, among college students. Participants were 572 undergraduates. ACOAs were more likely to be current drug users than non-ACOAs. ACOAs reported initiating alcohol use earlier than non-ACOAs; however, ACOAs did not drink more often or more…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Alcoholism, Drinking, Undergraduate Students
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Luebbe, Aaron M.; Varvel, Shiloh; Dude, Kim – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Transactional associations of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) and risk-amplifying behaviors (RAB) to alcohol-related negative consequences were tested. A sample of 138 undergraduate women was assessed with self-report measures at two time points four months apart. Over and above quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption, engagement in…
Descriptors: Intervention, Prevention, Drinking, Risk
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Thadani, Vandana; Huchting, Karen; LaBrie, Joseph – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Education-only interventions produce little change in drinking behaviors; but, multi-component prevention programs, which include alcohol information as one feature, can decrease drinking. This study examined the role of alcohol knowledge in a multi-component intervention previously found to reduce first-year female college students' alcohol…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Females, Intervention, Prevention
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Caldeira, Kimberly M.; Arria, Amelia M.; Zarate, Elizabeth M.; Vincent, Kathryn B.; Wish, Eric D.; O'Grady, Kevin E. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Females who had vaginal sex were interviewed annually in their first two years of college (n=386, ages 17 to 20 at study outset) and asked about risky sex behaviors and substance use. In year one, 60.2%[subscript wt] had intoxicated sex, 31.4%[subscript wt] had multiple sex partners, and 48.9%[subscript wt] had unprotected sex (i.e., without a…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Drug Use, Drinking, At Risk Persons
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Harthun, Mary L.; Dustman, Patricia A.; Reeves, Leslie J.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Hecht, Michael L. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
This paper reports on a process in which program designers, classroom teachers, and students worked together to adapt the 7th grade "keepin' it REAL" prevention curriculum to a developmentally, socially, and academically appropriate curriculum for 5th graders. A Community-Based Participatory Research methodology (CBPR), combined with a 9-step…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Prevention, Grade 5, Health Promotion
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Henslee, Amber M.; Correia, Christopher J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
The current study tested the effectiveness of delivering personalized feedback to first-semester college freshmen in a group lecture format. Participants enrolled in semester-long courses were randomly assigned to receive either personalized feedback or general information about alcohol. Both lecture conditions were delivered during a standard…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), College Freshmen, Seminars, Drinking
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Heidelberg, Natalie F.; Correia, Christopher J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Objective: Research has shown that college students have elevated rates of alcohol use and problematic eating behaviors. The current study focused on the relationships between dieting behaviors and alcohol use among a sample of undergraduates attending National Eating Disorder Screening Program. Method: All participants (n=70, 100% female, average…
Descriptors: Age, Eating Disorders, Screening Tests, Health Behavior
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Blowers, Jerimy – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
The literature exploring commonalities between four-year and community college student alcohol use is relatively scarce. A possible reason for this discrepancy is the heavy focus on alcohol issues at university colleges. Coll (1999) presented one of the first brief assessments comparing community and four-year colleges on alcohol use and related…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Community Colleges, Colleges, Drinking
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Teater, Barbra; Hammond, Gretchen Clark – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Survey research was used to explore the beliefs of 963 staff members regarding the myths to treating tobacco dependence and the integration of tobacco dependence into substance abuse treatment programs. The staff represented a mixture of residential, outpatient, and prevention-based gender-specific (women only) treatment centers throughout Ohio.…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Smoking, Attitude Measures, Addictive Behavior
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Hobson, Charles J.; McCarthy, Heather; Murff, Sherice; Thomas, Adrienne; Rosetti, Desila; Murillo, Natalie G. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
A "train-the-trainer" workshop was developed to evaluate and enhance presentational skills and offered to 14 youth in grades 6-12 and 9 administrators from youth-focused community agencies in Indiana. Upon workshop completion, 7 youth and 6 adults functioned as presenters of a 1 1/2-hour module on refusal and resistance skills to 95…
Descriptors: Workshops, Youth, Adults, Administrators
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