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Granfield, Robert – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2002
Paper examines impact of a six-month social norms marketing intervention designed to reduce alcohol use among students attending a small, private university. Results indicate that little change in student alcohol use or perception of drinking norms occurred following the intervention. Gender effect was noted in the analysis with female students…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Behavior Modification, Behavior Standards, Drinking
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O'Hare, Thomas – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2001
Study examined relationships among self-reported stress, drinking related problems (socio-emotional, community-related), and gender, with three distinct drinking contexts (convivial, intimate, negative coping). Results support the relationship between stress and excessive drinking across all three contexts, but also show stress and self-reported…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Coping, Drinking, Emotional Problems
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Epstein, Jennifer A.; Botvin, Gilbert J.; Diaz, Tracy – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2000
Examines the effects of linguistic acculturation (language spoken with friends and parents) and gender on alcohol use among Hispanic adolescents. Results reveal that a greater proportion of bilingual adolescents engaged in drinking than more acculturated adolescents. Within gender, these relationships were found only for boys. Suggests that…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Adolescents, Bilingual Students, Drinking
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Moulton, Michael; Moulton, Patrice; Whittington, Angela N.; Cosio, David – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2000
Examines the relationship between gender, athletic participation, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol use in a sample of adolescents. No significant difference was found between negative consequences reported by athletes and non-athletes, or males and females. A significant difference was found between levels of negative consequence drinking and…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Athletes, Drinking
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Schaps, Eric; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1984
Evaluated effective Classroom Management (ECM)-Elementary, an inservice course in which teachers (N=23) were taught communication, problem solving, and self-esteem enhancement techniques to encourage positive attitudes and eventually reduce student drug use. Results showed teachers regarded the training highly but treatment effects on students…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Drug Education, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers
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Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1984
Presents a one-year follow-up of a drug education course for 500 junior high school students. Analyses of variance and covariance were performed on class-level data collected at follow-up. None of the short-term effects of the course sustained. (JAC)
Descriptors: Drug Education, Females, Followup Studies, Junior High School Students
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Kozicki, Zigmond A. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1982
Measured problem drinking of college students (N=613) by statistical analysis of reported drinking behavior, psychological involvement and consequences of alcohol use. Results showed alcohol problem scores for 72 percent of students questioned, higher scores for males than females, and no differences as a function of age or class standing.…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, College Students, Drinking
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Wright, Loyd S. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1983
Surveyed 619 college freshmen to determine how many considered themselves to have drinking problems. Results showed males and youngest children in the family had the most problems. Both males and females who had drinking problems reported stressful childhoods, and were twice as likely to have divorced parents. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Behavior Problems, College Freshmen, Drinking
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Milgram, Gail G.; Pandina, Robert J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1981
Explores the educational implications of a specific survey on the nature and extent of adolescent alcohol and drug use. Describes findings of the survey and related educational implications, highlighting major areas of concern for alcohol and drug education. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Alcohol Education, Alcoholism
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O'Hare, Thomas – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1998
Data collected over two years from two consecutive samples of young persons who were cited their first time for breaking university drinking rules were examined to covalidate the relationship among risky sexual beliefs and behaviors, and problem drinking. Results indicate a significant relationship among risky sexual beliefs, behaviors, and…
Descriptors: Behavior, College Students, Drinking, Higher Education
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Pesa, Jacqueline A.; Cowdery, Joan E.; Wang, Min Qi; Fu, Qiang – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1997
Examined the relationship between depressive feelings and cigarette smoking in Mexican-American adolescents who participated in the 1993 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey II. Results suggest a relationship between certain feelings of depression and smoking, beyond that experienced by nonsmokers, which may be more evident in females.…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Correlation, Depression (Psychology)
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Reeves, Don; Culbreth, John R.; Greene, Al – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1997
Substance-abuse-counselor supervisors (N=72) were surveyed on two measures to determine their perceptions of their supervisory style. Overall, they considered themselves as focusing on a collegial and relationship-oriented supervisory style. Although no sex differences were found, significant age and education-level differences were evident. (EMK)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Alcohol Abuse, Counseling
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Zagumny, Matthew J.; Holt, Tamala Ray – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1999
Survey examines gender differences in sexual practices and beliefs about condom use among rural injecting drug users admitted to treatment programs. Results indicate that Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome knowledge was extremely limited for both males and females in this sample, suggesting that basic HIV/AIDS…
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Behavior Modification, Clinics, Drug Abuse
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Epstein, Jennifer A.; Botvin, Gilbert J.; Griffin, Kenneth W.; Diaz, Tracy – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1999
Study seeks to determine if ethnic and gender differences in polydrug use exist among a cohort of inner-city adolescents during the three-year middle school period (N=2,354). Results of self-report questionnaires reveal that Asian and Black adolescents generally reported less polydrug use than White and Hispanic youth, and that boys engaged in…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Drug Use, Inner City, Middle School Students
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Roberts, Tim G.; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1995
Students in grades 6 through 12 from 12 rural school districts responded to a questionnaire measuring attitudes toward and use of drugs or alcohol. Results show that attitudes became more liberal as grade level increased, that males tend to be more prone to use illicit drugs, and that ethnic differences were exhibited that did not corroborate…
Descriptors: Drinking, Drug Abuse, Elementary Education, Racial Differences
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