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Scheck, Amy Mary; Hoffmann, Norman G.; Proctor, Steven L.; Couillou,Ryan J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2013
This study sought to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of a brief alcohol intervention in increasing basic alcohol-related knowledge, and the intention to change high-risk drinking behaviors, among a sample of DUI and DWI offenders. Pre- and post-test data, in addition to program evaluation data, from 872 Level-II DUI and DWI offenders…
Descriptors: Journal Writing, Interaction, Intervention, Drinking
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Paltzer, Jason; Black, Penny; Moberg, D. Paul – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2013
Background: Matching evidence-based alcohol prevention strat- egies with a community's readiness to support those strategies is the basis for the Tri-Ethnic Community Readiness Model (CRM). The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the association of a community's readiness to address alcohol abuse in their community with the implementation of…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Prevention, Community Involvement, Readiness
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Barry, Adam E.; Dennis, Maurice – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
Problem drinkers account for a large proportion of those convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI). Nevertheless, specific rates of problem drinking among DWI offenders have been shown to exhibit wide variability. Therefore, we seek to (a) present the rate and severity of problem drinking among a sample of DWI offenders, (b) contrast…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, Motor Vehicles, Law Enforcement
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Henry, Kimberly L.; Shtivelband, Annette; Comello, Maria Leonora G.; Slater, Michael D. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This study explored an understudied promotive factor, a belief that alcohol use is inconsistent with personal autonomy, which may reduce adolescent intention to drink and subsequent alcohol use. Autonomy was examined as an attitudinal construct within the Theory of Reasoned Action. Longitudinal data from 2,493 seventh grade students nested in 40…
Descriptors: Drinking, Intention, Adolescents, Personal Autonomy
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James, Raven; Simons, Lori – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
An exploratory study was conducted to compare addiction studies and community counseling students' attitudes toward research. A survey of 66 addiction studies and 17 community counseling students in graduate programs was used to explore interest and self-efficacy in research and the research training environment. A pre/post test design was used to…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Student Attitudes, Self Efficacy, Epidemiology
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Brems, Christiane; Boschma-Wynn, Rachel V.; Dewane, Sarah L.; Edwards, Alexandra; Robinson, Rebecca Volino – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
As many as 4.5 live births per 1000 are affected by fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), preventable birth defects with life-long consequences. Prevention of FASDs is gaining in importance, and recruitment of diverse disciplines in delivering prevention to women of childbearing age is essential. This needs assessment explored to what extent…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Needs Assessment, Prevention, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
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Twombly, Eric C.; Holtz, Kristen D.; Agnew, Christine B. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
Prescription drug misuse is a major health problem, particularly among teens. A key step in curbing misuse is the development of effective prescription drug prevention messages. This paper explores the elements of prescription drug misuse prevention messages that resonate with teens using data from focus groups with seventh and eighth grade…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Prevention, Focus Groups, Audiences
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Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…
Descriptors: Human Services, Substance Abuse, Incidence, Case Studies
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Cicognani, Elvira; Zani, Bruna – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This study investigated the role of sensation seeking, peer group drinking and self-efficacy in refusing to drink alcohol in influencing alcohol consumption of a sample of 588 Italian university students. Results confirmed that heavy drinkers are typically males living in university residences. Alcohol use is more frequent among students with…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Drinking, Peer Groups, Behavior Standards
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Glassman, Tavis; Braun, Robert; Reindl, Diana M.; Whewell, Aubrey – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the Blood (breath) Alcohol Concentration (BrAC) rates of college football fans on game day. Researchers employed a time-series study design, collecting data at home football games at a large university in the Midwest. Participants included 536 individuals (64.4% male) ages 18-83 (M = 28.44, SD = 12.32).…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, College Athletics
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Dunn, Michael S.; Kitts, Cathy; Lewis, Sandy; Goodrow, Bruce; Scherzer, Gary D. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
Background: Alcohol, tobacco, marijuana use, and sexual behaviors are consistently reported by high school students in the United States and can contribute to reduced quality of life. Empirical research finds that many assets may act as a protective factor for adolescent risk behaviors. As such, the purpose of this study was to examine the…
Descriptors: Smoking, Marijuana, Quality of Life, Adolescents
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Foster, Holly A.; Bass, Ellen J.; Bruce, Susan E. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
High-risk drinking remains an issue on college campuses. Limited research focuses on drinking associated with single events where students are encouraged to drink a predetermined amount of alcohol. Fourth-year undergraduate students (N=1,205) completed a survey about motivation, behaviors and perceptions surrounding participation in a practice…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Campuses, Drinking, Risk
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Huchting, Karie K.; Lac, Andrew; Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
While affiliation with Greek fraternities/sororities and intercollegiate athletic teams is associated with heavier drinking (Meilman et al., 1999), few studies have compared reasons for drinking among these groups. A sample of 1,541 students, identifying as either Greeks or athletes, completed an online survey. Athletes were significantly higher…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Athletes, Intention, Sororities
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Gassman, Ruth; Nowicke, Carole E.; Jun, Mi Kung – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Survey responses by nonexperimental drug users in grades 6-12 were examined to determine whether MA users and nonusers with shared individual characteristics experience differential rates of police trouble, and whether specific factors place some users at greater risk than others. Findings showed that police trouble is pronounced for MA users,…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Elementary Secondary Education, Drug Use, Grade 6
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Will, Kelli England; Sabo, Cynthia Shier – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
The Reinforcing Alcohol Prevention (RAP) Program is an alcohol prevention curriculum developed in partnership with secondary schools to serve their need for a brief, evidence-based, and straightforward program that aligned with state learning objectives. Program components included an educational lesson, video, and interactive activities delivered…
Descriptors: Evidence, Video Technology, Prevention, Drinking
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