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ERIC Number: EJ1415244
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2024
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1472-9679
EISSN: EISSN-1754-0402
Using the Taoist Philosophy of Ziran-Wuwei to Reconcile the Nature-Technology Dichotomy in Outdoor Intercultural Learning: A Mini-Ethnography of an Ocean-Crossing Sail-Training Expedition
Yujun Xu
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, v24 n1 p35-50 2024
This paper provides an alternative lens of viewing digital technologies and networked spaces in outdoor intercultural learning, by introducing the Taoist philosophy of Ziran (nature) and Wuwei (inaction). The application of digital technology to outdoor learning has become prevailing and triggered critical debates and discussions among scholars and practitioners. The majority of the perspectives are, however, oriented in Western ideologies, and very rarely has any research considered this issue in the context of outdoor intercultural learning. A mini-ethnographic study was conducted to reconcile the nature-technology dichotomy during an EU-exchange sail-training voyage. Methodological implications are provided for conducting fieldwork in outdoor learning research, in line with the Ziran-Wuwei principles. The findings suggest that educators and facilitators follow the dialectical, relational, and contextual orientations to manage the (non)use of digital devices to maximise learners' outdoor experiential engagement and reflections.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Europe
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A