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Nicol, Robbie – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2013
The use of autoethnography in social science research is becoming increasingly popular. The potential this research approach might offer to the theory and practice of outdoor education has yet to be fully examined. In this paper, autoethnography is used to explore some personal accounts of my own outdoor experiences from which I derive distinctive…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Outdoor Education, Environmental Education, Social Science Research
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Nicol, Robbie – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2003
Deep ecology is suited to outdoor education because it depends on direct experience of the environment for self-realization to occur. Joining experiential, presentational, propositional, and practical ways of knowing with deep ecology creates an educational framework that will enable outdoor education to deliver outcomes relating to sustainability…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Environmental Education, Epistemology, Experiential Learning
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Nicol, Robbie – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2002
Traces the development of school-based outdoor and adventure education in Scotland, 1970s-90s, focusing on changes in terminology, shifting objectives and increased practitioner training in response to safety concerns, the growth of residential outdoor education centers, and financial and curricular issues related to national changes. Points out…
Descriptors: Decentralization, Educational Change, Educational Philosophy, Educational Practices
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Nicol, Robbie – Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2002
During the late 1940s and much of the 1950s, attitudes towards outdoor education in Scotland were rooted in militaristic concerns with character building through adventure training and civic activities. During the late 1950s and the 1960s, the purposes of the field were seen as recreation, leisure education, personal and social development, and…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Educational Attitudes, Educational History, Educational Philosophy