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ERIC Number: EJ1228038
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Nov
Pages: 33
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-202X
Quantifying and Exploring Elementary School Excellence Gaps across Schools and Time
Rambo-Hernandez, Karen E.; Peters, Scott J.; Plucker, Jonathan A.
Journal of Advanced Academics, v30 n4 p383-415 Nov 2019
Despite considerable reform activity surrounding K-12 education over the past 20 years, racial and socioeconomic disparities among students who achieve at advanced levels have received little attention. This study examined how excellence gaps, defined as differences in performance at the 90th percentile of subgroups, change over time and their potential antecedents. We analyzed Measure of Academic Progress achievement data in reading and mathematics from a cohort of approximately 60,000 students from third to fifth grade in 742 elementary schools. Multilevel modeling results indicate that Black/Hispanic and White/Asian excellence gaps were relatively stable in reading. However, excellence gaps in mathematics increased during the school year and across time, and higher achieving schools demonstrated larger excellence gaps than lower achieving schools.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Measures of Academic Progress