ERIC Number: EJ1218006
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Patterns of Academic Risk and Resilience: Post-High School Educational Pathways in the Context of the 2007 Economic Recession
Perez-Brena, Norma J.; Sang, Samantha; Kuo, Sally I.-Chun; Rodríguez De Jesús, Sue A.; Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J.; McHale, Susan M.
Journal of Adolescent Research, v34 n4 p351-380 Jul 2019
Academic resilience reflects individuals' high levels of achievement and motivation despite the presence of stressful conditions that place them at risk for reduced performance. To understand what informs resilience, this study used narrative data from 274 Mexican-origin late adolescents/young adults (aged 19-25 years) to understand how a sociohistorical context-- the 2007 U.S. economic recession -- informed their experiences in college engagement and achievement. An inductive approach was used to identify themes based on youth's narratives. Four themes emerged within the data: inability to pay for education, changes in educational/career goals, prioritizing of resources, and feelings of hopelessness/helplessness. Next, a person-centered approach was used to identify patterns in youth's theme endorsement. Five patterns of academic resilience were identified: Resource and Knowledge, Grit and Perseverance, Waning Grit, Disengaged, and Disengaged and Hopeless. The qualitative themes and groups supported current perspectives on academic risk and resilience and showcase the need to create an integrated model of academic resilience in higher education that accounts for sociohistorical context, social and academic integration, coping skills, locus of control, and social contractual expectations. Furthermore, this study provides practical recommendations by identifying groups who are at risk for academic disengagement.
Descriptors: College Students, Hispanic American Students, Late Adolescents, Young Adults, At Risk Students, Resilience (Psychology), Poverty, Economic Climate, Economic Factors, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Low Income Students, Paying for College, Academic Aspiration, Occupational Aspiration, Psychological Patterns, Coping, Locus of Control, Self Management
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01HD39666|R01HD32336