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The Perception of Similarities and Differences among Adolescent Siblings: Identification and Deidentification of Twins and Nontwins
Watzlawik, Meike – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2009
During adolescence, identity development reaches its crucial point. Siblings foster the search for their own uniqueness through social comparisons. These comparisons can lead to identification ("I am like you." or "We are special.") as well as deidentification ("I am different from you!"). In this study, 204 siblings were interviewed to determine…
Descriptors: Twins, Identification, Age Differences, Adolescents
Cross-Generational Parenting Influences on Psychosocial Functioning of Adolescent Mothers in Substitute Care.
Felix, Erika D.; Kelly, Abesie O.; Poindexter, LaShaunda M.; Budd, Karen S. – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2003
Examined cross-generational influences of adolescent parenthood on psychosocial functioning with a random sample of adolescent mothers in state care due to child abuse/neglect in their family of origin. Found that participants whose main parenting figure was an adolescent parent reported higher parenting stress and lower educational attainment…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Child Abuse, Comparative Analysis
Metz, Edward; McLellan, Jeffrey; Youniss, James – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2003
This study examined whether and which types of voluntary service might facilitate adolescents' civic development. Analyses showed that social-cause service participation was positively related to concern for social issues, future unconventional civic intentions, and future intended service. Findings suggest a developmental connection between…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Citizenship
The Relation of Family and School Attachment to Adolescent Deviance in Diverse Groups and Communities.
Dornbusch, Sanford M.; Erickson, Kristan Glasgow; Laird, Jennifer; Wong, Carol A. – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2001
Examined whether attachments to family and school reduced five forms of adolescent deviance (smoking, drinking, marijuana use, delinquency, and violent behavior). Found that adolescent attachments to family and school reduced overall frequency, prevalence, and intensity of deviant involvement, regardless of community context, gender, or ethnic…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Antisocial Behavior, Attachment Behavior
Garber, Judy; Little, Stephanie – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1999
Examined predictors of competence among children of depressed mothers. Found that students that were competent at eighth grade had greater achievement commitment, more positive coping, better family relationships, and greater social support at Grade 6 than eighth graders whose competence decreased between Grade 6 and 8. Among adolescents…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, At Risk Persons, Comparative Analysis, Competence
Adolescent Decision Making: The Influence of Mood, Age, and Gender on the Consideration of Information.
Ganzel, A. K. – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1999
Examined impact of mood, age, and gender on decision processes in a job-selection task for seventh through twelfth graders and adults. Found that females discarded more information and took longer to decide in negative versus positive or neutral moods. Junior high females were more pessimistic about their chances to obtain their desired job;…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Adults, Age Differences
Ringler, Laural L.; Hayden, Davis C. – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2000
Examined social support following loss of a peer, grandparent, or other person among adolescents 17 to 20 years old. Found that 70.6 percent had experienced loss, and 43.5 percent had experienced peer loss. Participants rated peers and parents as the most helpful supports. Comparisons of loss were difficult because few participants had lost a…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Bereavement
Close and General Friendships among African American, Latino, and Asian American Adolescents from Low-Income Families.
Way, Niobe; Chen, Lisa – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2000
Examined friendship among 160 African American, Latino, and Asian American ninth graders from low-income families. Found significant gender and racial/ethnic differences in the characteristics and quality of close and general friendships. Correlates of friendship quality varied across the type of friendship and across gender. (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Asian Americans, Blacks
Adolescent Friendship Pairs: Similarities in Identity Status Development, Behaviors, Attitudes, and Intentions.
Akers, James F.; Jones, Randall M.; Coyl, Diana D. – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1998
This study assessed best friends' similarities in identity status and related behaviors, attitudes, and intentions for 1,159 high school students. Questionnaire responses indicated that mutually identified best friends shared distinct similarities in ego identity. Findings replicated those of existing investigations of friendship attitude and…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Behavior, Adolescent Development, Adolescents
Markstrom, Carol A.; Berman, Rachel C.; Brusch, Gina – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1998
Used a goodness-of-fit model and an exploration-based/perspective-taking model to examine identity formation among Jewish adolescents. Found that ideological identity diffusion was higher among students living in Jewish nondominant neighborhoods, and ethnic behaviors and practices and total ethnic identity were higher among adolescents living in…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Context Effect
Prosocial Moral Reasoning in Institutionalized Delinquent, Orphaned, and Noninstitutionalized Brazilian Adolescents.
Carlo, Gustavo; Koller, Silvia; Eisenberg, Nancy – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1998
Examined prosocial moral reasoning in Brazilian institutionalized delinquent, orphaned, and noninstitutionalized adolescents. Found that compared to nondelinquent adolescents, delinquent adolescents were less likely to prefer higher level, internalized types of prosocial moral reasoning and more likely to prefer lower levels of prosocial moral…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Delinquency
The Long Branch of Phase-Environment Fit: Concurrent and Longitudinal Implications of Match and Mismatch among Diabetic and Nondiabetic Youth.
Obeidallah, Dawn A.; Hauser, Stuart T.; Jacobson, Alan M. – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1999
Examined links between the match between adolescents' developmental stage and the family and community environment and their psychosocial outcomes, implications for later outcomes, and impact of adolescent diabetic status. Found that even after controlling for psychosocial factors during adolescence, the benefits of developmental match were…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, At Risk Persons
Vondracek, Fred W.; Silbereisen, Rainer K.; Reitzle, Matthias; Wiesner, Margit – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1999
This study compared the timing of early vocational preferences in young adolescents from former East Germany and West Germany. Results suggested that as the memory of the Communist system fades and as younger adolescents have had less exposure to it, East-West differences tend to disappear. The formation of early vocational preferences was…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Career Choice, Career Development, Comparative Analysis
Hopelessness, Loneliness, Self-Esteem, and Personality in Russian Male Delinquent Adolescents versus Controls.
Ruchkin, Vladislav V.; Eisemann, Martin; Hagglof, Bruno – Journal of Adolescent Research, 1999
Examined interrelations between hopelessness, loneliness, self-esteem, and personality in delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents in Russia. Found that delinquents differed from controls on most variables. Loneliness and hopelessness were highly interrelated and correlated with harm avoidance, and inversely correlated with self- directedness.…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Comparative Analysis
It's Not Academic, You're in the Army Now: Adjustment to the Army as a Comparative Context for Adjustment to University.
Wintre, Maxine Gallander; Ben-Knaz, Revital – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2000
Investigated the presumed efficacy of authoritative parenting in influencing adjustment during basic training to the Israeli army, a more authoritarian environment. Found that authoritatively reared children were at a disadvantage with regard to successful adjustment to the army. They were more depressed, experienced greater stress, and had lower…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adolescent Development, Armed Forces, Child Rearing