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Alcock, Lara; Hernandez-Martinez, Paul; Patel, Arun Godwin; Sirl, David – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
In this article, we argue that although mathematics educators are concerned about social issues, minimal attention has been paid to student-student interactions outside the classroom. We discuss social network analysis as a methodology for studying such interactions in the context of an undergraduate course. We present results on the questions:…
Descriptors: Study Habits, Undergraduate Students, College Mathematics, Social Networks
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Barwell, Richard – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
Research focused on learning mathematics in a 2nd language is generally located in individual 2nd-language contexts. In this ethnographic study, I investigated mathematics learning in 4 different second-language contexts: a mainstream classroom, a sheltered classroom for Indigenous students, a welcome class for new immigrants, and a…
Descriptors: Socialization, Ethnography, Mathematics Instruction, Immigrants
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Vazquez, Salvador R.; Ermeling, Bradley A.; Ramirez, Gerardo – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
Productive struggle--expending effort to make sense of something beyond one's current level of understanding--aids in learning mathematics concepts and procedures. In this study, we surveyed 197 parents with children in the 1st to the 5th grade on their beliefs about productive struggle. Beliefs were assessed via questionnaire and rating of a…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Knowledge Level, Problem Solving, Homework
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Sonnert, Gerhard; Barnett, Melissa D.; Sadler, Philip M. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
Students' attitudes toward mathematics and the strength of their mathematics preparation typically go hand in hand such that their specific effects are difficult to disentangle. Employing the method of propensity weighting of a continuous variable, we built hierarchical linear models in which mathematics attitudes and preparation are uncorrelated.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, College Mathematics, College Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Czocher, Jennifer A.; Weber, Keith – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
To design and improve instruction in mathematical proof, mathematics educators require an adequate definition of proof that is faithful to mathematical practice and relevant to pedagogical situations. In both mathematics education and the philosophy of mathematics, mathematical proof is typically defined as a type of justification that satisfies a…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Validity, Mathematical Logic, Definitions
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Wiesner, Emilie; Weinberg, Aaron; Fulmer, Ellie Fitts; Barr, John – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
Textbooks are a standard component of undergraduate mathematics courses, but research shows that students often do not view textbooks as productive resources to support learning. This article seeks to understand the factors affecting how individuals engage in reading a calculus textbook excerpt and what they learn from reading. To better…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Mathematics Instruction, College Mathematics, Undergraduate Students
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Groth, Randall E.; Bergner, Jennifer A.; Austin, Jathan W. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
Normative discourse about probability requires shared meanings for disciplinary vocabulary. Previous research indicates that students' meanings for probability vocabulary often differ from those of mathematicians, creating a need to attend to developing students' use of language. Current standards documents conflict in their recommendations about…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Probability, Vocabulary Development
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Yurekli, Bilge; Stein, Mary Kay; Correnti, Richard; Kisa, Zahid – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2020
A major influence on mathematics teachers' instruction is their beliefs. However, teachers' instructional practices do not always neatly align with their beliefs because of factors perceived as constraints. The purpose of this article is to introduce a new approach for examining the relationship between teachers' beliefs and practices, an approach…
Descriptors: Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs
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Rasmussen, Chris; Apkarian, Naneh; Hagman, Jessica Ellis; Johnson, Estrella; Larsen, Sean; Bressoud, David – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
The authors present findings from a recently completed census survey of all mathematics departments in the United States that offer a graduate degree in mathematics. The authors report the viewpoints of departments about characteristics shown to support students' success as well as the extent to which these characteristics are being implemented in…
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Calculus, Departments, College Programs
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Hiebert, James; Berk, Dawn; Miller, Emily; Gallivan, Heather; Meikle, Erin – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
We investigated whether the mathematics studied in 2 content courses of an elementary teacher preparation program was retained and used by graduates when completing tasks measuring knowledge for teaching mathematics. Using a longitudinal design, we followed 2 cohorts of prospective teachers for 3 to 4 years after graduation. We assessed…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Instruction, Preservice Teachers, Elementary Education
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Krause, Christina M. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
This Brief Report addresses the fundamental role that sign language plays in the mathematics classroom of deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students. Selected findings are gathered from an ongoing study of signs and gestures used by DHH students and their teachers when encountering and communicating mathematical ideas at a German special-needs school…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Mathematics Instruction, Deafness, Partial Hearing
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Clements, Douglas H.; Fuson, Karen C.; Sarama, Julie – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
We respond to a call to analyze issues of curriculum standards and to present alternative storylines by addressing criticisms of the Common Core State Standards in early childhood. We describe a storyline from multiple media and evaluate this storyline's criticisms, focusing on the criticism that the standards are developmentally inappropriate. We…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers, Kindergarten
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Buchbinder, Orly; Chazan, Daniel I.; Capozzoli, Michelle – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
Many research studies have sought to explain why NCTM's vision for mathematics classrooms has not had greater impact on everyday instruction, with teacher beliefs often identified as an explanatory variable. Using instructional exchanges as a theoretical construct, this study explores the influence of teachers' institutional positions on the…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Equations (Mathematics), Teaching Methods, Educational Change
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Adiredja, Aditya P. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
This article identifies a self-sustaining system of deficit narratives about students of color as an entry point for studies of cognition to engage with the sociopolitical context of mathematical learning. Principles from sociopolitical perspectives and Critical Race Theory, and historical analyses of deficit thinking in education research,…
Descriptors: Personal Narratives, Comprehension, Mathematics Instruction, Minority Group Students
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Wilson, Jonee; Nazemi, Mahtab; Jackson, Kara; Wilhelm, Anne Garrison – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2019
This article outlines several forms of instructional practice that distinguished middle-grades mathematics classrooms that were organized around conceptually oriented activity and marked by African American students' success on state assessments. We identified these forms of practice based on a comparative analysis of teaching in (a) classrooms in…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, African American Students, Achievement Gains
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