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ERIC Number: EJ1222159
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Abstractor: As Provided
STEM to STEAM: Effect of Visual Art Integration on Long-Term Retention of Science Content
Rosen-O'Leary, Robin; Thompson, Eustace G.
Journal for Leadership and Instruction, v18 n1 p32-35 Spr 2019
The current focus on STEM education is based on the idea that science, technology, engineering and math be taught in an interdisciplinary and applied approach in grades K-12. There is growing attention to integrating the arts as an equal partner to STEM learning (STEAM). The purpose of this cluster random sample experimental study was to examine the effect of visual art instruction, specifically drawing, on long-term retention of science content. Fifty-five fifth and sixth grade students participated in this study, 31 in the experimental group and 24 in the control group. Both groups received instruction based on a modified science lesson developed by Arizona State University in cooperation with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The experimental group received instruction on art techniques to be used for drawing and the development of visual notes while the control group used traditional note taking and writing. A delayed post-test revealed that the drawing group scored significantly higher for retention of content. Implications for authentic arts integration revealed by this study suggest that the arts play a significant role in learning and content retention in art and science. More significantly, the participants in this study were at the level of proficiency and labeled gifted (minimum IQ of 130), demonstrating that arts integration is effective with a more diverse population than marginalized students studied in previously investigations.
Descriptors: STEM Education, Art Education, Visual Arts, Retention (Psychology), Freehand Drawing, Long Term Memory, Elementary School Students, Notetaking, Instructional Effectiveness, Private Schools, Small Schools, Gifted Education, Elementary School Science
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona