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Lewis, Steven – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
This paper examines the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) PISA for Schools, a local variant of the more-renowned 'main PISA' test that measures and compares individual school performance on reading, mathematics and science against international schooling systems. Here, I address the governance implications of how PISA…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Kuusipalo, Paula; Alastalo, Marja – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
The EU has embraced the use of indicators as policy instruments for achieving common aims. One of the indicators, 'early school leaver' (ESL), depicts the proportion of young people leaving education and training prematurely. Initially defined as an education policy indicator, it has been transformed into a performance indicator measuring the…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Educational Policy, Governance, Political Influences
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Candido, Helena Hinke Dobrochinski – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
This paper investigates datafication in schools through an analysis of the enactments of quality assurance and evaluation (QAE) policies in Brazil. In doing so, I question how data permeates and changes school environments, school actors' conduct and their imaginaries. QAE policies encompass large-scale assessments, indicators, rankings and other…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Quality Assurance, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
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Mau, Steffen – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
The process of quantification is a powerful development shaping many domains of life today. In the area of education, for example, performance measurement, testing and ranking have become common tools of governance. Quantification is not a neutral way of describing society, but a process of valorisation. It has three sociologically relevant…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Social Influences, Research Methodology, Evaluation Methods
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Paananen, Maiju – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
This article explores the deployment of numerical criteria in the practices of steering by presenting a local case of governing early childhood education (ECE). In this case, a specific numerical tool for governance, namely, child-staff ratio is used in various ways in the everyday life of preschools. This paper uses data from interviews of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Ratio, Preschool Children, Preschool Teachers, Governance
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Erkkilä, Tero; Piironen, Ossi – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
For over a decade, global university rankings have played a growing role in the status competition in higher education. More recently, we have seen a proliferation in rankings of innovation and urbanization. In this article, we argue that while these new measurements bring with them some conceptual adjustments, they draw heavily on existing…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Achievement Rating, Institutional Characteristics, Universities
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Lim, Miguel Antonio – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
The UK Research Excellence Framework (REF) introduced impact as an indicator in the evaluation of higher education research quality in 2014. Impact case studies (ICS) are the basis of this evaluation. ICS use "narrative" explanations of how research causes 'benefits to society'. This article analyses the evolving roles of the ICS and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Higher Education, Educational Research
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Gorur, Radhika – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2020
While the use of numbers in governance has a long history, the kinds of numbers we now produce enable a range of new possibilities for monitoring, regulation and policy decision-making. Global policy actors are now calling for a steep increase in investment in education data. The growing trust in numbers has been critiqued by education policy…
Descriptors: Numbers, Governance, Sociology, Data Collection
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Loewenthal, John; Alexander, Patrick; Butt, Graham – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
This article presents ethnographic research on the aspirations of graduates from a private university in New York City, some of whom move to Los Angeles. Findings depict financial and family pressures exerting a governing force upon the graduates' futures, often beyond their control. Focusing on the narratives of four individuals, we introduce the…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Aspiration, Expectation, Advantaged
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Christie, Fiona – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
Becoming a university graduate has long been considered the route to individual occupational and social mobility, while educating more citizens has been assumed to add to a nation's human capital and competitiveness. University education has come to be associated with individual and societal aspiration. However, changes in the labour market…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Employment Potential, Success, Labor Market
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Lumb, Matt; Burke, Penny Jane – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
Policy and program language in the UK and Australian higher education sectors consistently deploys the term aspiration in ways that adhere to the hegemonic neo-liberal ideal of the entrepreneurial competitor-individual, de-meaning and de-valuing 'other' personhoods. University Equity and Widening Participation (EWP) outreach programs that engage…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Higher Education, Aspiration, Foreign Countries
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Baker, Zoe – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
Official policy texts in England have long assumed that students make their Higher Education choices in an individualized, rational and context-free manner. Under the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition government (2010-2015), a greater emphasis was placed on accomplishing higher levels of widening participation in elite institutions. Those…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Higher Education, Adult Education, Foreign Countries
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Klein, Charles H.; Carmo, Milena Mateuzi – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
Today, young adults from lower-income backgrounds are pursuing educational trajectories that would have been distant dreams for their parents. In many Global South countries, this expansion has followed a neoliberal logic in which private universities purport to provide students skills and increased earning capacity, and employers the necessary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, First Generation College Students, Academic Aspiration, Occupational Aspiration
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Wallace, Derron – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
Drawing on 48 in-depth interviews with Black immigrant and second-generation boys at Bridgewood secondary school in New York City, this article points out how the high educational aspirations expressed by Black African and Caribbean boys are strategically deployed as features of an ethnic project to counter anti-immigrant sentiments and anti-Black…
Descriptors: Blacks, Immigrants, Secondary School Students, Academic Aspiration
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Houghton, Elizabeth – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2019
Full-time undergraduate applicants to English universities must apply via the University and Colleges Admission Service (UCAS). By analysing the UCAS statements of 15 undergraduate applicants this article attempts to develop a critical understanding of the role that the personal statement has in applicants' formation of themselves as subjects…
Descriptors: Higher Education, College Applicants, Undergraduate Study, Role
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