ERIC Number: EJ971525
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Supplementary Tutoring in Trinidad and Tobago: Some Implications for Policy Making
Barrow, Dorian A.; Lochan, Samuel N.
International Review of Education, v58 n3 p405-422 Jun 2012
Globally, private supplementary tutoring is a huge business and the practice is expanding rapidly in many regions of the world where it never existed before. In some of these regions it is posing a novel set of challenges for education planners and policy makers. The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which supplementary tutoring is impacting on the goals of the formal education system in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T). The participation rate in supplementary tutoring at primary school level in T&T was found to be high (88.2 per cent at Standard Five level), with the majority of the students being privately tutored by their regular school teachers. Their main motivation for taking private tutoring lessons was to try to secure a place in one of the few elite secondary schools in the country. The authors of this paper admit that there is no quick solution to the problem, especially if it is understood as a part of the process of cultural change. They contend that the key to breaking the elitist tradition lies in modifying public understanding about education and convincing parents and citizens at large that a wide range of options and opportunities exists outside the narrow confines of the old colonial economy and the old colonial schools.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Tutors, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Citizen Participation, Parents, Culture, Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Trinidad and Tobago