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Johnson, Eric J.; Avineri, Netta; Johnson, David Cassels – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Hart and Risley's (1995) concept of a "word gap" (aka "language gap") is widely used to describe inferior cognitive development and lower academic achievement as by-products of the language patterns of families from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. In recent decades, this line of deficit research has proliferated and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Academic Achievement, Language Patterns, Economically Disadvantaged
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Blum, Susan D. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Claiming to rely on "science," many well-intentioned "experts" offer advice on how to "close the gap"--word gap, language gap, achievement gap--between disadvantaged and advantaged children. Based on both research and personal experience, this advice promises magic solutions to apparently complex and intractable…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Language Acquisition, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Baugh, John – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
The present article compares and contrasts linguistic findings from longitudinal studies of low-income Americans derived from evidence of recorded family speech interactions. Hart and Risley (1995) employed research assistants who spent 1 hour per month observing language usage among families from different socioeconomic backgrounds in their homes…
Descriptors: Low Income, Longitudinal Studies, Family Relationship, Socioeconomic Status
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García, Ofelia; Otheguy, Ricardo – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article describes how the belief in the existence of a language gap has negative educational consequences for bilingual and bidialectal children from minoritized communities. This article first positions the idea of the language gap within the "achievement gap" discourse that has long been prevalent in educational circles. We then…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Dialects, Minority Groups
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Martin-Beltrán, Melinda – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Peer interactions are central to student experiences and present tremendous opportunities for language learning and consequences for educational equity, yet these opportunities have often been unrecognized and under-examined. This special issue offers new perspectives examining the potential of peer interaction to foster language, literacy and…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Peer Relationship, Equal Education, Literacy Education
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King, Kendall A.; Bigelow, Martha; Hirsi, Abdiasis – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article examines everyday classroom peer interaction among emergent multilingual high school students who are new to the United States, new to school, new to English, and new to alphabetic print literacy. Data were collected through observation and video recording within a daily 90-minute, English language and literacy block class over the…
Descriptors: High School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Kibler, Amanda – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Reflecting on contributions to this special issue along with my own research, I suggest ways in which sociocultural understandings of peer interactions in multilingual contexts are and should be evolving to encompass the increasingly complex settings that research has come to document. I argue that in order to realize the potential of research in…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Multilingualism, Learning Activities, Sociocultural Patterns
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Martin-Beltrán, Melinda; Daniel, Shannon; Peercy, Megan; Silverman, Rebecca – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article analyzes how emergent bilinguals discursively support one another during literacy activities in a cross-aged peer-tutoring program in their elementary school. Drawing from Vygotskian sociocultural theory, we frame peer supports as developing a zone of relevance that fosters and sustains peer engagement in literacy discussions.…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Peer Teaching, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Martínez, Ramón Antonio; Durán, Leah; Hikida, Michiko – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article explores the interactional co-construction of identities among two first-grade students learning Spanish as a third language in a Spanish-English dual language classroom. Drawing on ethnographic and interactional data, the article focuses on a single interaction between these two "Spanish learners" and two of their…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Elementary School Students, Ethnography, Spanish
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Ballinger, Susan – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Previous studies have shown that immersion students tend to speak the majority language during peer interactions, regardless of the language of instruction or their dominant language. Researchers have argued that the societal status of the majority language presents an obstacle to providing equitable support for both languages of instruction. To…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Language Usage, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Schwartz, Adam; Terry, Helen – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
In response to calls to increase Spanish language learners' awareness of the relationship among power, language, and status in their communities and inspired by participatory research techniques, this article reports on the implementation of a photo-diary project with heritage and L2 learners in a basic-level Spanish language course. Students took…
Descriptors: Spanish, Native Language Instruction, Second Language Instruction, Reflection
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Pray, Lisa C.; Daniel, Shannon M.; Pacheco, Mark B. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
As elementary teachers in U.S. public schools strive to adapt their instruction to support growing numbers of students learning English as an additional language, they must also navigate institutional constraints and affordances beyond their classroom-level interactions. Even as teachers plan and implement instruction within their own classrooms,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Multilingualism, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Stewart, Mary Amanda – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Research acknowledges the value of youths reading books that represent their lives and cultures, yet there is a growing need to better understand how youths of understudied groups respond to multicultural stories. This single-case study of a multilingual refugee adolescent from Burma (Myanmar) investigates how she draws from her lived experiences…
Descriptors: Books, Adolescents, Refugees, Reader Response
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Martínez-Álvarez, Patricia – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This study explores the impact of hybrid instructional spaces on the purposeful and expansive use of translanguaging practices. Utilizing technology, the study explores the role of multimodality in bilinguals' language multiplicity and dynamism. The research addresses: (a) how do emergent bilinguals in dual language programs deploy their full…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Bilingual Students, Code Switching (Language), Bilingualism
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Kim, Grace MyHyun – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2016
This article presents the language practices of global youth who populate an online discussion forum devoted to Korea-produced dramas. Qualitative data included the writing, visual images, and interactions created within the forum. Findings revealed youth from geographically disparate places using new media affordances to engage with a minority…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Self Concept, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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