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Escamilla, Kathy; Butvilofsky, Sandra; Hopewell, Susan – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2018
Recent analyses of wide-scale writing assessment outcomes indicate that English writing achievement for fourth- and fifth-grade emerging bilingual learners continues to be an area of great concern. Utilizing the theory of holistic bilingualism and a mixed methods design, this study examines the writing skills of 44 emerging bilingual fourth and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Spanish, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Delavan, M. Garrett; Valdez, Verónica E.; Freire, Juan A. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Utah's public schools are home to an increasing number of K/1-6 dual language (DL) programs established through a state-centralized model that has sparked interest domestically and internationally. We theorize three potential constituencies of DL--maintenance, heritage, and world language--then use critical discourse analysis to examine how…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Discourse Analysis, Public Schools, Elementary School Students
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Sultana, Shaila; Dovchin, Sender – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Based on virtual conversations drawn from two separate intensive ethnographic studies in Bangladesh and Mongolia, we show that popular cultural texts play a significant role in young adults' heteroglossic language practices. On the one hand, they borrow voices from cultural texts and cross the boundaries of language, i.e., codes, modes, and…
Descriptors: Popular Culture, Second Language Learning, Language Usage, Self Concept
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Latham Keh, Melissa; Stoessel, Saskia – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Looking at data from three siblings from a German/Polish family that immigrated to the United States in 1952, we discuss bilingual language development and the effect of teacher support in schools on language maintenance and shift. All three subjects report that they did not give up their heritage language but rather came back to it at different…
Descriptors: Language Maintenance, Case Studies, Second Language Learning, Native Language
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Kiramba, Lydiah Kananu – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article discusses the findings of an empirical study that investigated the writing practices in a multilingual, rural, fourth-grade classroom in Kenya. The study was undergirded by Bakhtin's heteroglossia. Analysis of texts indicated that these emergent multilinguals used multiple semiotic resources to maximize the chances of meeting the…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Language Usage, Multilingualism, Code Switching (Language)
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Johnson, Eric J.; Avineri, Netta; Johnson, David Cassels – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Hart and Risley's (1995) concept of a "word gap" (aka "language gap") is widely used to describe inferior cognitive development and lower academic achievement as by-products of the language patterns of families from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. In recent decades, this line of deficit research has proliferated and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Academic Achievement, Language Patterns, Economically Disadvantaged
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Blum, Susan D. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Claiming to rely on "science," many well-intentioned "experts" offer advice on how to "close the gap"--word gap, language gap, achievement gap--between disadvantaged and advantaged children. Based on both research and personal experience, this advice promises magic solutions to apparently complex and intractable…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Language Acquisition, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Baugh, John – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
The present article compares and contrasts linguistic findings from longitudinal studies of low-income Americans derived from evidence of recorded family speech interactions. Hart and Risley (1995) employed research assistants who spent 1 hour per month observing language usage among families from different socioeconomic backgrounds in their homes…
Descriptors: Low Income, Longitudinal Studies, Family Relationship, Socioeconomic Status
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García, Ofelia; Otheguy, Ricardo – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article describes how the belief in the existence of a language gap has negative educational consequences for bilingual and bidialectal children from minoritized communities. This article first positions the idea of the language gap within the "achievement gap" discourse that has long been prevalent in educational circles. We then…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Dialects, Minority Groups
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Martin-Beltrán, Melinda – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Peer interactions are central to student experiences and present tremendous opportunities for language learning and consequences for educational equity, yet these opportunities have often been unrecognized and under-examined. This special issue offers new perspectives examining the potential of peer interaction to foster language, literacy and…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Peer Relationship, Equal Education, Literacy Education
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King, Kendall A.; Bigelow, Martha; Hirsi, Abdiasis – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article examines everyday classroom peer interaction among emergent multilingual high school students who are new to the United States, new to school, new to English, and new to alphabetic print literacy. Data were collected through observation and video recording within a daily 90-minute, English language and literacy block class over the…
Descriptors: High School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Kibler, Amanda – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Reflecting on contributions to this special issue along with my own research, I suggest ways in which sociocultural understandings of peer interactions in multilingual contexts are and should be evolving to encompass the increasingly complex settings that research has come to document. I argue that in order to realize the potential of research in…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Multilingualism, Learning Activities, Sociocultural Patterns
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Martin-Beltrán, Melinda; Daniel, Shannon; Peercy, Megan; Silverman, Rebecca – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article analyzes how emergent bilinguals discursively support one another during literacy activities in a cross-aged peer-tutoring program in their elementary school. Drawing from Vygotskian sociocultural theory, we frame peer supports as developing a zone of relevance that fosters and sustains peer engagement in literacy discussions.…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Peer Teaching, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Martínez, Ramón Antonio; Durán, Leah; Hikida, Michiko – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
This article explores the interactional co-construction of identities among two first-grade students learning Spanish as a third language in a Spanish-English dual language classroom. Drawing on ethnographic and interactional data, the article focuses on a single interaction between these two "Spanish learners" and two of their…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Elementary School Students, Ethnography, Spanish
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Ballinger, Susan – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2017
Previous studies have shown that immersion students tend to speak the majority language during peer interactions, regardless of the language of instruction or their dominant language. Researchers have argued that the societal status of the majority language presents an obstacle to providing equitable support for both languages of instruction. To…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Language Usage, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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