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Palmer, Deborah – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2011
Transitional bilingual education (TBE), the most common form of bilingual education in the United States, is too often entrenched in a subtractive, English-dominant ideology. This article explores the conflicting language ideologies of teachers in TBE programs, posing the question, "In what way do TBE teachers' discourses reflect/reinforce…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Bilingual Education, Ideology, Bilingual Education Programs
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Garcia, Ofelia; Flores, Nelson; Chu, Haiwen – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2011
This article challenges 20th century ways of conceptualizing bilingualism, arguing that they are no longer applicable to the linguistic heterogeneity of the 21st century. Using case studies of two small high schools in New York City, this article re-imagines the possibilities of bilingual education to more accurately reflect the realities of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Bilingualism
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Friedrich, Patricia; Matsuda, Aya – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
The goal of this article is to (re)define key terminology in the study of English as a lingua franca (ELF). Although the diverse perspectives and ideological standpoints represented in competing definitions of terms is appreciated, a critical conversation on definition and interpretation of ELF and other related concepts is crucial in providing a…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Official Languages, Multilingualism
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Bale, Jeffrey – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
This article presents an overview of the Arabic language in the United States. Drawing on archival research and statistical analysis, the article is divided into 4 major sections. The first discusses the history of immigration from the Arab world to the United States, as well as past efforts at Arabic language maintenance. The article continues…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Language Maintenance, Immigrants, Immigration
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Schwartz, Mila; Moin, Victor; Leikin, Mark; Breitkopf, Anna – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
This study investigated how immigrant parents describe and explain their family language policy concerning their child's preschool bilingual development, and also explored the factors linked to the parents' choice of bilingual or monolingual kindergarten for their child. The study design was based on a comparison of 2 groups of parents: those who…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Ideology, Monolingualism, Foreign Countries
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Lai, Mee Ling – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
This article examines the relation between social class and language attitudes through a triangulated study that analyses the attitudes of 836 secondary school students from different socioeconomic backgrounds toward the 3 official spoken languages used in postcolonial Hong Kong (HK; i.e., Cantonese, English, and Putonghua). The respondents were…
Descriptors: Working Class, Student Attitudes, Language Attitudes, Educational Attainment
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Agnihotri, Rama Kant; McCormick, Kay – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
This article examines signage as a site for the negotiation of meaning between the potential intentionality of the creator and the potential readings of the target audience. Data is drawn from 2 major sources: sociologically and economically differentiated geosemiotic landscapes of Delhi and the advertisements of a large, well-known Indian…
Descriptors: Written Language, Signs, Foreign Countries, Advertising
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Petrovic, John; Majumdar, Sikharini – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
This article develops the interface between language policy and planning and equal educational opportunity (EEO). Tracing the trajectory of the development "equal educational opportunity" as a normative ideal, this study argues that language policy must serve to promote "actualist" conceptions of EEO. To do this, acquisition…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Multilingualism, Foreign Countries, Educational Opportunities
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Olsen, Kristen; Olsen, Holly – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2010
Language-switching, attitude, and linguistic identity among 10th-grade female students in East Jerusalem are influenced by current political, social, and ethnic conflicts. The students make decisions to use English, Hebrew, and Arabic--the 3 regional languages--based on issues of hegemony and social influences. Participants in this study track…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Language Attitudes, Language Usage, Code Switching (Language)
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Andrade, Maureen Snow – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
Higher education institutions in the United States recognize the economic and educational benefits of international students. Although non-native English speakers (NNES) submit evidence of English language proficiency for admission purposes, many struggle with the demands of English. This study draws on qualitative and quantitative data to provide…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, College Students, Educational Benefits, Social Adjustment
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Pray, Lisa – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
The investigator compared the linguistic characteristics of Spanish and English language samples taken from English language learners (ELLs) diagnosed with an academic learning disability (LD) and ELLs in general education to determine if the errors and characteristics of their language use differ. There was a statistically significant difference…
Descriptors: Language Usage, General Education, Syntax, Oral Language
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Callahan, Laura – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
This article compares data from service encounters conducted in person and over the telephone in New York City and the San Francisco Bay Area. During the in-person phase, the author and 8 fieldworkers entered businesses and initiated conversations with Latino service providers in Spanish, noting the language of response. The rate of non-reciprocal…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Native Speakers, Service Occupations, Comparative Analysis
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Ramos, Francisco – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
This study examined opinions about some theoretical and practical tenets of bilingualism and bilingual education, as well as about the instructional use of English language learners' (ELLs) native languages in the classroom, of 77 teachers from Spain working in California as part of the California/Spain Visiting Teachers Program. In their…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Language Attitudes, Bilingual Education, Academic Achievement
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Makalela, Leketi – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
This study investigated degrees of mutual intelligibility among 3 structurally related languages in South Africa: Sepedi, Sesotho, and Setswana. To compare reading proficiency of mother-tongue speakers who enrolled for freshman courses at the University of Limpopo, 4 reading experimental conditions, in the 3 languages and 1 in a harmonized text,…
Descriptors: African Languages, Language Planning, Language Variation, Mutual Intelligibility
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Olson, Kate – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
This article examines the implications of educational policies on teachers' beliefs and practices for English learners (ELs) in the context of the California educational reform agenda. By utilizing cultural-historical activity theory, this study paints a personal and pedagogical portrait of how 2 educated and experienced bilingual teachers…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Educational Change, Autobiographies, Bilingual Teachers
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