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Bauler, Clara V.; Kang, Emily J. S. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2020
New York State adopted regulations that mandate collaboration among ESOL and content teachers in integrated periods where ELLs are mainstreamed into general education classes. We documented trends in elementary and ESOL teachers' co-teaching practices across 3 years of state policy implementation. Findings revealed that even with limited…
Descriptors: State Policy, Teacher Collaboration, Language Teachers, English (Second Language)
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McPherron, Paul; McIntosh, Kyle – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2019
In this article, we discuss three cross-cultural memoirs used in three different university courses that introduced students to the complex identities that form both inside and outside of language classrooms. In arguing for the value of using such memoirs as content in university courses, we provide a detailed thematic analysis of Peter Hessler's…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Self Concept
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Garcia, Ofelia; Flores, Nelson; Chu, Haiwen – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2011
This article challenges 20th century ways of conceptualizing bilingualism, arguing that they are no longer applicable to the linguistic heterogeneity of the 21st century. Using case studies of two small high schools in New York City, this article re-imagines the possibilities of bilingual education to more accurately reflect the realities of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Bilingualism
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Callahan, Laura – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2009
This article compares data from service encounters conducted in person and over the telephone in New York City and the San Francisco Bay Area. During the in-person phase, the author and 8 fieldworkers entered businesses and initiated conversations with Latino service providers in Spanish, noting the language of response. The rate of non-reciprocal…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Native Speakers, Service Occupations, Comparative Analysis