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What Gets Lost When English-Only Writing Assessment Is Used to Assess Writing Proficiency in Spanish-English Emerging Bilingual Learners?
Escamilla, Kathy; Butvilofsky, Sandra; Hopewell, Susan – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2018
Recent analyses of wide-scale writing assessment outcomes indicate that English writing achievement for fourth- and fifth-grade emerging bilingual learners continues to be an area of great concern. Utilizing the theory of holistic bilingualism and a mixed methods design, this study examines the writing skills of 44 emerging bilingual fourth and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Spanish, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"
Yamagami, Mai – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2012
Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Discourse Analysis, Educational Change, Court Litigation