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Palmer, Deborah K.; Henderson, Kathryn I. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2016
This article explores the placement practices of students into different educational programs in PreK-first grade, including two bilingual education programs and an ESL "mainstream" classroom. We then examine the discourse practices of four third-grade teachers and the school principal. Our findings suggest that initial program placement…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Bilingual Education Programs, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Henderson, Kathryn I.; Palmer, Deborah K. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This article provides an in-depth exploration of the language ecologies of two classrooms attempting to implement a two-way dual language (TWDL) program and its mediating conditions. Drawing on ethnographic methods and a sociocultural understanding of language, we examined both teachers' and students' language ideologies and language practices,…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Ideology, Educational Practices, Grade 3