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ERIC Number: EJ1218530
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1537-2456
Engaging K-12 Students Essential for Reducing Gender Gap in Computer Science Education
Venkataraman, Rohith; Agarwal, Eshan; Brown, David W.
International Journal on E-Learning, v18 n3 p331-343 Jul 2019
A strong gender disparity exists within the computer science (CS) field, and this imbalance stretches from the professional domain down to the educational level. In a 2013 study (Venkataraman et. al 2013), students (n = 127) of a northeastern STEM high school were surveyed. Responses were collected and analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis statistical test (P < 0.05) to mitigate unequal cell sizes. Results suggest that females face barriers to entering CS including differences in perception, interests, confidence, and experiences. In a follow up study (2014), second grade students of a STEM lower school were surveyed. Results point to similarities in the attitudes of second grade boys and girls; these results contrast the difference in attitudes found among high school boys and girls. Significant differences were found between second grade students and ninth grade students, suggesting that a transition occurs between second and ninth grade where males' and females' perception of CS change.
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 719, Waynesville, NC 28786. Tel: 828-246-9558; Fax: 828-246-9557; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 2; Primary Education; Grade 9; High Schools; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A