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Smith, Erica – International Journal of Training and Development, 2019
The paper evaluates the readiness of apprenticeship systems to cope with five major developments affecting the future of work. The institution of apprenticeship has evolved over time in all countries, gradually adapting to changes in industrial processes, the economy, the labour market and education systems. This paper suggests, however, that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Futures (of Society), Employment
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Smith, Erica – International Journal of Training and Development, 2010
In this paper, the author reflects, both as an academic researcher and as a senior practitioner, on the experience of competency-based training (CBT) in the Australian vocational education and training system. She seeks to draw conclusions about the Australian experience using a typology drawn from the academic literature which focuses on the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Competence, Foreign Countries, Educational Researchers
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Smith, Erica – International Journal of Training and Development, 2002
Interviews with 11 Australian teenagers during their first year of work as apprentices, trainees, or junior staff revealed a wide range of employer strategies for training. However, training structures did not significantly predict learning. Job performance was a strong predictor, affecting interest in and capacity for learning as well as others'…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Entry Workers, Environmental Influences, Foreign Countries
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Smith, Erica – International Journal of Training and Development, 1999
A 1995 Australian study found adoption of competency-based training (CBT) in technical and further education was much slower than planned. A 1997 study revealed wide variation in CBT implementation. Over 10 years the system is becoming workable but it is not yet evident whether it is improving the skills of the work force. (SK)
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Competency Based Education, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education