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Blaikie, Norman – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
The debate on determining sample size in qualitative research is confounded by four fundamental methodological issues: the exclusive focus on theme analysis; the diverse and imprecise use of 'qualitative'; a reliance on only two logics of inquiry, "induction" and "deduction," and the occasional confusion of…
Descriptors: Sampling, Sample Size, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Sim, Julius; Saunders, Benjamin; Waterfield, Jackie; Kingstone, Tom – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
There has been considerable recent interest in methods of determining sample size for qualitative research a priori, rather than through an adaptive approach such as saturation. Extending previous literature in this area, we identify four distinct approaches to determining sample size in this way: rules of thumb, conceptual models, numerical…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology, Statistical Analysis
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Bernard, Josef; Danková, Hana; Vašát, Petr – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is a survey method for hidden populations and, as such, it offers a suitable approach for sampling the homeless. Surprisingly, the practical use of RDS in surveying homeless populations has only sporadically been described in the professional literature so far, and the specifics of using RDS for sampling this group…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Surveys, Homeless People, Foreign Countries
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Sim, Julius; Saunders, Benjamin; Waterfield, Jackie; Kingstone, Tom – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
In his detailed response to our paper on sample size in qualitative research, Norman Blaikie raises important issues concerning conceptual definitions and taxonomy. In particular, he points out the problems associated with a loose, generic application of adjectives such as 'qualitative' or 'inductive'. We endorse this concern, though we suggest…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Sampling, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Fabo, Brian; Kahanec, Martin – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
In this paper, we compare the estimates of earnings determinants based on the non-probabilistic WageIndicator web survey with those based on the widely used, representative EU Study of Income and Living Conditions survey. Using 10 years of Dutch data, we show that there exists an established segment of predominantly junior workers from which the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Online Surveys, Wages, Income
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Thompson, Juliana – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Hermeneutic phenomenologists propose that researchers inescapably bring themselves into their research because interpretation must inevitably be influenced by their contexts and pre-understandings. They propose that interpretation is a dynamic and active part of the construction of a text's meaning, and involvement in this construction process…
Descriptors: Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, Empathy, Cultural Awareness
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James, Katherine A.; Levinson, Arnold H.; Li, Yaqiang; Baumann, Carsten; Maffey, Ali – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Public health relies on sample surveys to monitor the health of populations and investigate factors that contribute to population health and illness. Such investigations require surveying individuals who are selected in ways that support statistical inference to the population. Faced with rising costs and declining participation, survey…
Descriptors: Public Health, Sampling, State Surveys, Recruitment
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Alavi, Mousa; Archibald, Mandy; McMaster, Rose; Lopez, Violeta; Cleary, Michelle – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
When a theoretical framework (and its components) is not clearly linked to research methods, researchers risk designing flawed studies, wherein the stated research question is inconsistent with the research design. Explicitly identifying one's theoretical orientation can provide an orderly schematic for linking observations from separate…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Theory Practice Relationship, Guides, Research Design
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van der Geest, Sjaak – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
This article deals with three topics: lying, privacy and anthropological research. Their complex intertwinement is analysed using fieldwork notes and through engagement with relevant literature from various disciplines. Experiences of privacy, among researchers as well as among respondents, is underexposed in the literature on social research…
Descriptors: Deception, Privacy, Ethics, Anthropology
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Nishiyama, Kei – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Involvement of children in research processes requires various ethical considerations. In particular, while interviewing children, a researcher needs to take into consideration the power imbalance between a researcher and children as well as among children. This article suggests a possible way of mitigating potential risks, drawing on the idea and…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Participation, Children, Communities of Practice
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Holdershaw, Judith; Melnyk, Valentyna; Gendall, Philip; Wright, Malcolm – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Despite years of refinement and improvement to questionnaire design, the need remains to identify effective, but 'user-friendly' questioning procedures to predict behaviour, without compromising predictive performance. Questionnaires developed to predict behaviour typically use an attitudinal approach. However, those types of questionnaires are…
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Predictor Variables, Comparative Analysis, College Students
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Thelwall, Mike – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
The need to elicit public opinion about predefined topics is widespread in the social sciences, government and business. Traditional survey-based methods are being partly replaced by social media data mining but their potential and limitations are poorly understood. This article investigates this issue by introducing and critically evaluating a…
Descriptors: Social Media, Public Opinion, Systems Approach, Video Technology
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Lau, Charles Q. – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
This study investigates how an interviewer's characteristics affect how respondents answer survey questions about democracy and political engagement. I analyze data from the 2008 Afrobarometer surveys, in which 810 interviewers surveyed 27,713 respondents across 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Using these data, I study how interviewer…
Descriptors: Democracy, Foreign Countries, Citizen Participation, Political Attitudes
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Celestina, Mateja – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Trust is often treated as a binary where research participants either trust researchers or not, whereas in reality trust is multi-layered. Drawing on 10 months of fieldwork working with internally displaced persons and their non-displaced neighbours in rural Colombia, this article provides a more nuanced discussion of trust in research. It…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Conflict, Researchers, Foreign Countries
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Bell, David M.; Pahl, Kate – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
This article outlines how co-production might be understood as a utopian method, which both attends to and works against dominant inequalities. It suggests that it might be positioned 'within, against, and beyond' current configurations of power in academia and society more broadly. It develops this argument by drawing on recent research funded…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Foreign Countries, Universities, Imagination
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