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Saw, Guan – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
In recent years, the number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) specialized schools has been rapidly increasing internationally. In the United States, a new movement of establishing inclusive STEM high schools (ISHSs) aimed at expanding access to specialized STEM education for underrepresented and diverse student groups has…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Inclusion, High Schools, Outcomes of Education
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Patkin, Dorit; Shriki, Atara; Barkai, Ruthi – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Despite the plethora of research in the field of mental rotation, researchers are still divided over a range of related issues, particularly the processes involved in coping with mental rotation tasks. This field of research, for the most part, is descriptive rather than interpretative, leading to the absence of a theoretical framework to enable…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Visualization, Coping
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Fazio, Claudio; Battaglia, Onofrio R. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
The Force Concept Inventory is a multiple-choice test and is one of the most popular and most analyzed concept inventories. It is used to investigate student understanding of Newtonian mechanics. A structured approach to data analysis can transform it in a "diagnostic" instrument that can validate inferences about student thinking. In…
Descriptors: Mechanics (Physics), Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, College Freshmen
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Park, Mimi; Lee, Eun-Jung – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Equiprobability bias (EB) is one of the frequently observed misconceptions in probability education in K-12 and can be affected by a problem context. As future teachers, preservice teachers need to have a stable understanding of probability and to have the knowledge to identify EB in their students regardless of the problem context. However, there…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Probability
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Eilam, Billie; Alon, Uri – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Spatial abilities--required in both academic and everyday information processing--are recommended as an important target for explicit instruction in the K-12 curriculum. However, most school curricula do not address this spatial issue, probably because spatial ability is a general rather than domain-specific skill and also due to debate regarding…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 4, Spatial Ability
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Wei, Bing; Ou, Yitong – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao, in the Greater China Region, have similar yet different educational systems and curriculum standards, and each has performed well in international tests for science achievement. Using revised Bloom's taxonomy, this study analyzed and explored the similarities and differences among these four Chinese…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Standards, Junior High School Students
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Achmetli, Kay; Schukajlow, Stanislaw; Rakoczy, Katrin – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
An effective way to improve students' mathematical knowledge is to have them construct multiple solutions for real-world problems. Prior knowledge is a relevant prerequisite for learning outcomes, and the experience of competence is a basic need that has to be fulfilled to improve achievement. In the current experimental study (N = 307), we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Relevance (Education)
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Russo, James; Hopkins, Sarah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Research suggests that teachers of mathematics are frequently reluctant to pose challenging tasks to students. Reasons for this reluctance include fears of negative student reactions, time and resource constraints, and a lack of relevant teacher content knowledge. The current study involved interviewing three early primary-grade (elementary)…
Descriptors: Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Primary Education, Elementary School Teachers
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Patahuddin, Sitti Maesuri; Lowrie, Tom – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Teachers should possess a robust knowledge of graph interpretation in a world that requires increasingly scientific citizens. This study aimed to investigate teachers' knowledge of interpreting a context-based line graph, by understanding the types of difficulties teachers have in interpreting such graphs. The study also sought to determine…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Graphs, Teaching Experience, Foreign Countries
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Di Martino, Pietro; Gregorio, Francesca – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Tertiary transition in mathematics appears to be an insurmountable struggle for many students, including for high achievers in secondary school. The high dropout rates in many Western Countries represent a big issue from an individual and social point of view. It appears particularly significant to analyse this phenomenon in the context of the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Students, College Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Komatsu, Kotaro; Jones, Keith – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Task design is increasingly recognised as crucial for enhancing student learning of mathematics. Even so, and despite the significance of mathematical activity related to proofs and counterexamples in school mathematics, the task design principles underpinning students' success in proof-related activity remains under-explored in mathematics…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Learning Activities, Validity, Mathematical Logic
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Paige, Kathryn; Hardy, Graham – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Science as a Human Endeavour (SHE) is an innovative strand of the most recent Australian Curriculum: Science. The introduction of SHE is welcome and comes at a time when Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education is under increasing scrutiny both in Australia and across the world, with some commentators identifying a…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Foreign Countries, Science and Society, Science Education
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Wei, Bing; Chen, Sitong; Chen, Bo – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Through a questionnaire survey, this study aims to investigate the contributions of different sources in developing science teachers' practical knowledge of teaching with practical work. The framework of this study is based on the conceptualization of PCK and ten possible sources of science teachers' PCK related to teaching with practical work.…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Knowledge Level, Teaching Methods, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Hsu, Pei-Ling – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Working with scientists has been suggested as an effective way for high school students to learn science more authentically. However, several challenges hinder partnerships between students and scientists, such as intimidation issues, the complexity of scientific language, and communication barriers. The purpose of this phenomenographic study was…
Descriptors: High School Students, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, Scientists
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Chen, Hsiang-Ting; Wang, Hsin-Hui; Lu, Ying-Yan; Hong, Zuway-R – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
This quasi-experimental mixed-methods design examined the effects of a Modified Argument-Driven Inquiry (MADI) on elementary school boys' and girls' engagement in learning science (ELS) and performance of argumentation. Thirty-two children were randomly selected to participate in a two-semester 24-h intervention, forming an experimental group (EG,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Persuasive Discourse, Intervention, Gender Differences
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