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Pearce, Erin; Stewart, Morgan; Malkoc, Ummuhan; Ivy, Ronald; Weinburgh, Molly – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2020
A learning format gaining attention that encourages language acquisition in science is the use of dynamic models as instructional tools. This grounded theory investigates the impact of the dynamic food chain model as an alternative lesson for teaching food chains. The researchers examined the impact of a paper-based activity and a dynamic model…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Grade 5, Knowledge Level, English Language Learners
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Osman, Enja; BouJaoude, Saouma; Hamdan, Hiba – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
Lebanese educators claim that middle and secondary school students exhibit poor understanding of genetics due to misconceptions and difficulties that hinder progression in conceptual understanding of major genetics concepts and phenomena across different grade levels. They attributed these problems to Lebanon's ill-structured genetics curriculum…
Descriptors: Genetics, Science Instruction, Misconceptions, Secondary School Students
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Franco-Mariscal, Antonio-Joaquín; Oliva-Martínez, José María; Almoraima Gil, M. L. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2016
The work reported here involved a comparative study regarding the understanding that high school students (16-18 years) have of the concept of chemical elements and their periodic classification. More specifically, the level of knowledge on this topic was compared before and after the completion of baccalaureate studies in a sample of Spanish…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Questionnaires, History
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Dreher, Anika; Kuntze, Sebastian; Lerman, Stephen – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2016
Dealing with multiple representations and their connections plays a key role for learners to build up conceptual knowledge in the mathematics classroom. Hence, professional knowledge and views of mathematics teachers regarding the use of multiple representations certainly merit attention. In particular, investigating such views of preservice…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Preservice Teachers, Student Attitudes
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Jin, Hui; Hokayem, Hayat; Wang, Sasha; Wei, Xin – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2016
As China and the United States become the top two carbon emitters in the world, it is crucial for citizens in both countries to construct a sophisticated understanding of energy consumption issues. This interview study examines how U.S. and Chinese students compare in explaining and arguing about two critical energy consumption issues: burning…
Descriptors: Biology, Interviews, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Morentin, Maite; Guisasola, Jenaro – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2015
School visits and field trips to museums and science centres are considered a powerful learning resource given their recreational and educational potential, but visits need to be integrated into classroom programming to optimize learning. In this study, we have attempted to design and build bridges between what a school needs and what a museum can…
Descriptors: Role, Science Education, Field Trips, Museums
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Lee, Han Su; Park, Jongwon – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2013
Finding out about and then understanding the forces acting on a moving object, based on a description of the change in motion of this object, is an important part of the conceptual understanding of Newton's law of motion. Using Hempel's deductive-normative model for scientific explanation, we developed a deductive explanation task (DET),…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Science Instruction, Motion, Scientific Principles
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Leppavirta, Johanna – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2012
The study examines how students' conceptual understanding changes from high confidence with incorrect conceptions to high confidence with correct conceptions when reasoning about electromagnetics. The Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism test is weighted with students' self-rated confidence on each item in order to infer how strongly…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Universities
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Wang, Jing-Ru; Wang, Yuh-Chao; Tai, Hsin-Jung; Chen, Wen-Ju – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2010
This study examined the differential impacts of an inquiry-based instruction on conceptual changes across levels of prior knowledge and reading ability. The instrument emphasized four simultaneously important components: conceptual knowledge, reading ability, attitude toward science, and learning environment. Although the learning patterns and…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Scientific Concepts, Reading Ability, Language Proficiency
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Wang, Jing-Ru; Lin, Sheau-Wen – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2008
This study has resulted in an elementary science methods course that facilitates the identification and description of the changes in students' conceptions and understanding of inquiry teaching, and the cultural influences, reflections, and situational factors influencing these changes. Written responses to open-ended questions, reflective…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Elementary School Science, Methods Courses, Cultural Influences
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Petocz, Peter; Reid, Anna; Wood, Leigh N.; Smith, Geoff H.; Mather, Glyn; Harding, Ansie; Engelbrecht, Johann; Houston, Ken; Hillel, Joel; Perrett, Gillian – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2007
In this paper, we report on an international study of undergraduate mathematics students; conceptions of mathematics. Almost 1,200 students in five countries completed a short survey including three open-ended questions asking about their views of mathematics and its role in their future studies and planned professions. Responses were analysed…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Mathematics Education, Student Attitudes, College Mathematics
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Reid, Anna; Wood, Leigh N.; Smith, Geoff H.; Petocz, Peter – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2005
In this paper, we describe and investigate three aspects of learning mathematics: intention, approach and outcome. These aspects have emerged from interviews with students where their experience of learning mathematics, their understanding of mathematics as a discipline field, and their perception of work as a mathematician were the objects of…
Descriptors: Intention, Mathematics Instruction, College Mathematics, College Students
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Calik, Muammer – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2005
This study reports on research examining what students think about aspects of solution chemistry and seeks to establish what alternative conceptions they hold in this area. To achieve this aim the researchers developed a test comprising of open-ended questions that evaluated students understanding of solution chemistry. The test was administered…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Grade 9, Grade 7, Grade 10
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Spinner, Howard; Fraser, Barry J. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2005
Dull classroom environments, poor students' attitudes and inhibited conceptual development led to the creation of an innovative mathematics program, the Class Banking System (CBS), which enables teachers to use constructivist ideas and approaches. To assess the effectiveness of the CBS, the Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Concept Mapping