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Aditomo, Anindito; Klieme, Eckhard – International Journal of Science Education, 2020
Inquiry-based science instruction is widely advocated, but studies based on international large-scale assessments often show inquiry to be negatively associated with achievement. We re-examine this issue by examining whether the association between inquiry and learning depends upon the provision of teacher guidance. Participants were 151,721…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Active Learning, Science Instruction, Outcomes of Education
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Tang, Kok-Sing; Won, Mihye; Treagust, David – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This article presents the development, description, application, and discussion of an analytical framework to examine students' drawings of scientific concepts and processes. Student-generated representation, particularly drawing, is increasingly emphasised as an important learning strategy to help students reason, explain, and demonstrate their…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Scientific Concepts, Freehand Drawing, Learning Strategies
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Tay, Su Lynn; Yeo, Jennifer – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Great teaching is characterised by the specific actions a teacher takes in the classroom to bring about learning. In the context of model-based teaching (MBT), teachers' difficulty in working with students' models that are not scientifically consistent is troubling. To address this problem, the aim of this study is to identify the pedagogical…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Models
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Oon, Pey Tee; Subramaniam, R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
We report here on a comparative study of middle school students' attitudes towards science involving three countries: England, Singapore and the U.S.A. Complete attitudinal data sets from TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) 2011 were used, thus giving a very large sample size (N = 20,246), compared to other studies in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes
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Oon, Pey-Tee; Fan, Xitao – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Students' attitude towards science (SAS) is often a subject of investigation in science education research. Survey of rating scale is commonly used in the study of SAS. The present study illustrates how Rasch analysis can be used to provide psychometric information of SAS rating scales. The analyses were conducted on a 20-item SAS scale used in an…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Attitude Measures, Rating Scales
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Pongsophon, Pongprapan; Herman, Benjamin C. – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Given the abundance of literature describing the strong relationship between inquiry-based teaching and student achievement, more should be known about the factors impacting science teachers' classroom inquiry implementation. This study utilises the theory of planned behaviour to propose and validate a causal model of inquiry-based teaching…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Achievement Tests
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Seah, Lay Hoon; Yore, Larry D. – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
This study of three science teachers' lessons on heat and temperature seeks to characterise classroom talk that highlighted the ways language is used and to examine the nature of the language demands revealed in constructing, negotiating, arguing and communicating science ideas. The transcripts from the entire instructional units for these…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Heat, Thermodynamics
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Lau, Kwok-chi; Lam, Terence Yuk-ping – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
This study analysed 10 top-performing regions in PISA 2015 on their science performances and instructional practices. The regions include Singapore, Japan, Estonia, Taipei, Finland, Macao, Canada, Hong Kong, China and Korea. The science performances of the 10 regions and their teaching practices are described and compared. The construct of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Educational Practices, Science Achievement
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Tang, Kok-Sing – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This paper reports on the design and enactment of an instructional strategy aimed to support students in constructing scientific explanations. Informed by the philosophy of science and linguistic studies of science, a new instructional framework called premise--reasoning--outcome (PRO) was conceptualized, developed, and tested over two years in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Education, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts
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Tang, Kok-Sing – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
The purpose of this study is to examines the relationship between the communicative approach of classroom talk and the modes of representations used by science teachers. Based on video data from two physics classrooms in Singapore, a recurring pattern in the relationship was observed as the teaching sequence of a lesson unfolded. It was found that…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Instruction, Video Technology, Science Teachers
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Oon, Pey-Tee; Subramaniam, R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
This study explored an under-researched area in science education--the university programmes preferred by high school students who take physical science subjects and the reasons that matter in their preferences. A total of 1,071 upper secondary and pre-university students in Singapore, who take physical science subjects among their range of…
Descriptors: High School Students, Science Education, Engineering Education, Occupational Aspiration
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Lee, Yew-Jin; Kim, Mijung; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
While there has been a remarkable worldwide convergence in the emphases of primary science curricula over the last four decades, the cognitive and knowledge demands that they make on learners have not been well-researched. Without knowing what these intellectual or epistemic requirements are when learning science in school, issues concerning…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Science Curriculum, Taxonomy, Science Achievement