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Showing 1 to 15 of 49 results Save | Export
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Aditomo, Anindito; Klieme, Eckhard – International Journal of Science Education, 2020
Inquiry-based science instruction is widely advocated, but studies based on international large-scale assessments often show inquiry to be negatively associated with achievement. We re-examine this issue by examining whether the association between inquiry and learning depends upon the provision of teacher guidance. Participants were 151,721…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Active Learning, Science Instruction, Outcomes of Education
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Tang, Xing; Zhang, Danhui – International Journal of Science Education, 2020
Informal science learning has been proven to have effects on a variety of science learning outcomes. This study explored the direct and indirect influence of both prior and current informal science learning on science performance by using data from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2015. More than ten kinds of informal science…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Science Education, Science Achievement, Performance Factors
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Wu, Huang; Shen, Jianping; Zhang, Ya; Zheng, Yunzheng – International Journal of Science Education, 2020
The goal of this study was to estimate the relationships among principal leadership, teacher-related factors (e.g. job satisfaction, self-efficacy of teaching, and collaboration), and student achievement in science. With the United States sample of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2015 data, we used a series of two-level…
Descriptors: Principals, Leadership, Science Achievement, Administrator Role
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Hanson, Sandra L.; Krywult-Albanska, Malgorzata – International Journal of Science Education, 2020
A comparative gender framework and cross-national data are used to examine women's access to STEM education in Poland and cross-nationally. The transition to STEM occupations is also considered. Findings on indicators of girl's achievement in STEM education at the secondary level in Poland show gender imbalance, but Poland is doing better than…
Descriptors: Females, Access to Education, STEM Education, Foreign Countries
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Forbes, Cory T.; Neumann, Knut; Schiepe-Tiska, Anja – International Journal of Science Education, 2020
Scientific literacy is a central aim of science education. The "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) provides a measure of secondary students' scientific literacy and reported science instruction in 72 countries. Researchers have analyzed PISA data to identify important relationships between science instruction and…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Inquiry, Science Instruction, Science Achievement
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Wang, Yan; Lavonen, Jari; Tirri, Kirsi – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This research compared how the scientific literacy-related goals of the current Chinese and Finnish national science curricula at primary school level are actualised using a revised Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) scientific literacy framework in the content analysis of the curricula. The content of the curricula focuses…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Scientific Literacy, Science Curriculum
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Karakolidis, Anastasios; Pitsia, Vasiliki; Emvalotis, Anastassios – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The importance of motivation-related factors in shaping students' academic achievement across a range of areas, including science, has been consistently acknowledged by the existing research literature. In an effort to improve students' science achievement, many education systems put particular emphasis on the enhancement of intrinsic (i.e.…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Science Instruction, Student Role, Epistemology
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Le Hebel, Florence; Tiberghien, Andrée; Montpied, Pascale; Fontanieu, Valérie – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This study focuses on the teachers' predictions of the students' performances -- in particular the middle-low achievers -- while solving tasks testing inquiry competencies. The tasks come from PISA science. More specifically we study science teachers' predictions for several aspects: levels of difficulty of the tasks, the potential sources of…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Expectations of Students, Prediction, Scientific Literacy
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Du, Xin; Wong, Billy – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The concept of science capital has a growing influence in science education research for understanding young people's science trajectories. Popularised in the UK, this paper aims to extend and evaluate the applicability of science capital in the context of China by drawing on PISA2015. More specifically, we make use of existing items in the…
Descriptors: Science Careers, Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice, Secondary School Students
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Zhu, Yuanze – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
In recent years, research on students' scientific competencies has generated much discussion. According to the PISA 2015 Assessment and Analytical Framework, both scientific competencies and attitudes towards science -- interest in science, valuing scientific approaches to enquiry (or epistemological beliefs about science), and environmental…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Competence
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Cairns, Dean – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This study investigates the discrete effects of inquiry-based instructional practices that described the PISA 2015 construct 'inquiry-based instruction' and how each practice, and the frequency of each practice, is related to science achievement across 69 countries. The data for this study were drawn from the PISA 2015 database and analysed using…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Correlation, Instructional Effectiveness, Active Learning
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Sikora, Joanna – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Although the gender gap in non-compulsory science attracts much attention, few studies compare factors that shape it at subsequent life stages. Here, a life-course approach is used to examine the gender gap in science career expectations at ages 16, 23 and 26 for a recent student cohort. Then, a decomposition is applied to assess what share of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Occupational Aspiration, Science Careers
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Chi, Shaohui; Liu, Xiufeng; Wang, Zuhao; Won Han, Seong – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Scientific inquiry activities are considered as productive science instruction to improve students' science learning and achievement. Supportive teacher-student relationships and positive disciplinary climate in the classroom are also two important factors that could facilitate student learning. This study investigates whether the association…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Inquiry, Low Income Groups, Science Achievement
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Le Hebel, Florence; Montpied, Pascale; Tiberghien, Andrée; Fontanieu, Valérie – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
The understanding of what makes a question difficult is a crucial concern in assessment. To study the difficulty of test questions, we focus on the case of PISA, which assesses to what degree 15-year-old students have acquired knowledge and skills essential for full participation in society. Our research question is to identify PISA science item…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Lupión-Cobos, Teresa; López-Castilla, Rafael; Blanco-López, Ángel – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
In this paper we explore the views and opinions of four secondary education science teachers regarding the teaching of scientific competences. Their views were gathered in the context of a training programme in which they had to design, implement, and assess their own teaching unit for developing students' scientific competences by means of…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary School Science
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