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Minamizaki, Noriko – International Journal of Learning and Change, 2017
Product development of Japanese companies has changed greatly from the post-war revival period, when it was promoted mainly to provide low-cost, high-quality products. In recent years, it has become necessary to develop products and services that correspond to social issues. Research and development has shifted from a technological basis to a…
Descriptors: Strategic Planning, Research and Development, Material Development, Manufacturing
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Bergman, Jukka-Pekka; Jantunen, Ari; Saksa, Juha-Matti; Hurmelinna-Laukkanen, Pia – International Journal of Learning and Change, 2007
The innovation space has become more complex and knowledge-intensive. As a result, it is increasingly important to see innovations as knowledge that is embodied in learning and technical and organisational knowledge bases. However, in processes such as innovation development, individuals make sense of it and utilise existing knowledge differently…
Descriptors: Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Heuristics, Knowledge Representation