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Showing 31 to 45 of 839 results Save | Export
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Quigley, Duana; Loftus, Laura; McGuire, Aoife; O'Grady, Kerrie – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Placements are a core component of learning within speech and language therapy (SLT) undergraduate and postgraduate university programmes. They facilitate the development of students' professional and clinical competencies and socialization into the profession. It is indicated that an optimal environment for placement learning often…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Medical Students, Student Attitudes
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Cheng, Bonnie B. Y.; Worrall, Linda E.; Copland, David A.; Wallace, Sarah J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Prognostication is a complex clinical task that involves forming a prediction about recovery and communicating prognostic information to patients and families. In aphasia, recovery is difficult to predict and evidence-based guidance on prognosis delivery is lacking. Questions about aphasia prognosis commonly arise, but it is unknown…
Descriptors: Prediction, Aphasia, Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel
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McAllister, Sue; Tedesco, Helen; Kruger, Samantha; Ward, Elizabeth C.; Marsh, Claire; Doeltgen, Sebastian H. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: A clinical swallow examination (CSE) provides integral information that informs the diagnostic decision-making process within dysphagia management. However, multiple studies have highlighted a high degree of reported variability within the CSE process. It has been hypothesized that such variability may be the result of the clinical…
Descriptors: Physical Examinations, Clinical Diagnosis, Decision Making, Physical Disabilities
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Levy, Erika S.; Moya-Galé, Gemma; Chang, Younghwa Michelle; Campanelli, Luca; MacLeod, Andrea A. N.; Escorial, Sergio; Maillart, Christelle – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Articulatory excursion and vocal intensity are reduced in many children with dysarthria due to cerebral palsy (CP), contributing to the children's intelligibility deficits and negatively affecting their social participation. However, the effects of speech-treatment strategies for improving intelligibility in this population are…
Descriptors: French, Speech Impairments, Voice Disorders, Interpersonal Communication
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Monroe, Penelope; Halaki, Mark; Kumfor, Fiona; Ballard, Kirrie J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Acquired brain injury (ABI), such as Parkinson's disease, dementia or stroke, can result in communication difficulties that lead to an impoverished ability to connect meaningfully with others. Choral singing is a complex task that uses multiple brain regions which are also responsible for language and communication skills. The…
Descriptors: Singing, Neurological Impairments, Dementia, Diseases
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Cruice, Madeline; Botting, Nicola; Marshall, Jane; Boyle, Mary; Hersh, Deborah; Pritchard, Madeleine; Dipper, Lucy – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Discourse assessment and treatment in aphasia rehabilitation is a priority focus for a range of stakeholder groups. However, a significant majority of speech and language therapists (SLTs) infrequently conduct discourse analysis, and do not feel competent in doing so. Known barriers identified in other countries, specifically a lack of…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Aphasia, Rehabilitation, Foreign Countries
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Pluck, Graham; Barajas, Brittany M.; Hernandez-Rodriguez, José L.; Martínez, María A. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: People experiencing homelessness are at increased risk of neurological disorder due to multiple factors such as substance abuse, infection, and higher rates of serious mental illness and traumatic brain injury. This could affect cognitive and language skills. Indeed, past research has suggested that certain language-related skills tend…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Language Skills, At Risk Persons, Neurological Impairments
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Güven, Selçuk; Leonard, Laurence B. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Turkish has a rich system of noun suffixes, and although its complex suffixation system may seem daunting, it can actually present a learning opportunity for children. Despite its unique features, Turkish has not been studied extensively, especially in the case of children with language deficits, such as developmental language disorder…
Descriptors: Nouns, Morphemes, Turkish, Preschool Children
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Stansfield, Jois – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: The Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) celebrates its 75th anniversary in 2020. The historical study of speech and language therapy (SLT) has been very limited. A small number of publications have traced the changes in the profession over time, but to date there has been no comprehensive work undertaken to gain an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Language Pathology, Therapy, Professional Personnel
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Matov, Jessica; Mensah, Fiona; Cook, Fallon; Reilly, Sheena; Dowell, Richard – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: There is no sufficiently accurate short-language measure that could be used by speech-language pathologists, teachers or paraprofessionals to screen young school-aged children to identify those requiring in-depth language evaluations. This may be due to poor development of the available measures, which have omitted crucial test…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Screening Tests, Test Construction, Test Validity
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Nicholas, Marjorie; Jennelle, Lindsay; Connor, Lisa Tabor; Haynes, Charles; Zipse, Lauryn – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Achieving activity participation goals is a key factor in quality of life (QOL) for people with aphasia (PWA), but expressing participation goals can be difficult for many of them. Proxy reports by caregivers may not accurately reflect the interests and participation goals of PWA, and discrepancies in these goals between PWA and their…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Aphasia, Caregivers, Participation
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Cronin, Paula; Reeve, Rebecca; McCabe, Patricia; Viney, Rosalie; Goodall, Stephen – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Childhood speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) impose a significant burden on individuals, families and society. There are explicit costs related to increased health utilization and expenditure. Additionally, there may be indirect costs associated with a child's employment prospects in the long term because of the child's…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Productivity, Achievement Gains, Speech Language Pathology
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Sweeney, Triona; Hegarty, Fran; Powell, Katie; Deasy, Liane; Regan, Myra O'; Sell, Debbie – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: A total of 68% of pre-school children with cleft palate have speech problems requiring speech therapy. There is a lack of access to regular targeted therapy. Parent training leads to positive outcomes in early communication skills in cleft palate and non-cleft speech disorders. Connected health has been used to address inadequate…
Descriptors: Congenital Impairments, Speech Therapy, Articulation (Speech), Intervention
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Grayson, Lynn; Brady, Marian C.; Togher, Leanne; Ali, Myzoon – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Whilst research into the wide-ranging needs of family members following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is well established, investigation into the specific needs of families in relation to supporting cognitive-communication difficulties, relationships and social participation is limited. Aims: To identify the family needs for…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Speech Therapy, Head Injuries, Neurological Impairments
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Mazumdar, Barnali; Donovan, Neila J.; Sultana, Asifa – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: A comprehensive aphasia assessment is necessary to diagnose the type and severity of aphasia differentially and guide appropriate interventions. One component of an aphasia assessment is the picture description task (PDT), designed to probe spontaneous speech fluency and information content. Most aphasia assessments use black-and-white…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Communication Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Pictorial Stimuli
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