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Van der Linden, Lize; Verreyt, Nele; De Letter, Miet; Hemelsoet, Dimitri; Mariën, Peter; Santens, Patrick; Stevens, Michaël; Szmalec, Arnaud; Duyck, Wouter – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Until today, there is no satisfying explanation for why one language may recover worse than another in differential bilingual aphasia. One potential explanation that has been largely unexplored is that differential aphasia is the consequence of a loss of language control rather than a loss of linguistic representations. Language…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Aphasia, Comparative Analysis, Decision Making
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Bhagwat, Marita; Hewetson, Ronelle; Jones, Lee; Hill, Anne; Nunn, Jennifer; Tosh, Rachel; Cahill, Louise – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: To meet rising clinical placement demand caused by increasing health student numbers, the use of paired (two students) rather than single (one student) placement models has been proposed. There is, however, limited research available to inform placement providers about the relative effects of both models on healthcare services,…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Health Services, Placement, Patients
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Wright, Lisa; Pring, Tim; Ebbels, Susan – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) frequently have difficulties with word learning and understanding vocabulary. For these children, this can significantly impact on social interactions, daily activities and academic progress. Although there is literature providing a rationale for targeting word learning in such…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention, Vocabulary Development
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Brimo, Danielle; Lund, Emily; Sapp, Alysha – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Syntax is a language skill purported to support children's reading comprehension. However, researchers who have examined whether children with average and below-average reading comprehension score significantly different on spoken-syntax assessments report inconsistent results. Aims: To determine if differences in how syntax is…
Descriptors: Syntax, Reading Comprehension, Scores, Comparative Analysis
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Chondrogianni, Vasiliki; John, Nerys – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Welsh, Grammar, Morphology (Languages)
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Wren, Yvonne; Humphries, Kerry; Stock, Nicola Marie; Rumsey, Nichola; Lewis, Sarah; Davies, Amy; Bennett, Rhiannon; Sandy, Jonathan – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Efforts to increase the evidence base in speech and language therapy are often limited by methodological factors that have restricted the strength of the evidence to the lower levels of the evidence hierarchy. Where higher graded studies, such as randomized controlled trials, have been carried out, it has sometimes been difficult to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Language Pathology, Cohort Analysis, Research Methodology
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Shrubsole, Kirstine; Worrall, Linda; Power, Emma; O'Connor, Denise A. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Effective implementation strategies to improve speech and language therapists' (SLTs) aphasia management practices are needed. Australian SLTs working in the acute setting have reported inconsistent implementation of post-stroke aphasia guideline recommendations. Therefore, implementation efforts to address these gaps are necessary.…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Language Pathology, Foreign Countries
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Dyson, Hannah; Solity, Jonathan; Best, Wendy; Hulme, Charles – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Children's vocabulary knowledge is closely related to other measures of language development and to literacy skills and educational attainment. Aim: To use a regression discontinuity design (RDD) to evaluate the effectiveness of a small-group vocabulary intervention programme for children with poor vocabulary knowledge. Methods &…
Descriptors: Children, Vocabulary, Language Acquisition, Small Group Instruction
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Boyce, Jessica O.; Kilpatrick, Nicky; Reilly, Sheena; Da Costa, Annette; Morgan, Angela T. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Research investigating language skills in school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate is sparse. Past studies focus on younger populations, lack key comparisons to demographically matched control cohorts or explore language as a component of broader academic skills. Trends of existing studies suggest that affected…
Descriptors: Receptive Language, Expressive Language, Speech Impairments, Control Groups
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Hegarty, Natalie; Titterington, Jill; McLeod, Sharynne; Taggart, Laurence – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Across the world, research has shown that intervention for children with phonological impairment can be both effective and efficient. However, it has also raised concerns about the translation of this evidence to practice, highlighting questions around clinician knowledge and the understanding of approaches, and the intensity of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Children, Phonology, Speech Impairments
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Smith, Jodie; Eadie, Tricia; Levickis, Penny; Bretherton, Lesley; Goldfeld, Sharon – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Parent-reported measures of early communication have limitations for use with infants experiencing adversity. Observational measures of early non-verbal and verbal communicative behaviours and mother-child turn-taking may provide a complementary method of capturing early communication skills for these children. Aims: To explore the…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Mothers
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Heymann, Perrine; Northrup, Jessie B.; West, Kelsey L.; Parladé, Meaghan V.; Leezenbaum, Nina B.; Iverson, Jana M. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Research indicates that social communicative behaviours develop atypically during the second year in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study evaluated whether these behaviours also differed in the extent to which they were coordinated across modalities. Aims: To measure joint attention behaviours (e.g., gaze shifts, gestures),…
Descriptors: Infants, Siblings, Children, Autism
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Bright, Felicity A. S.; Kayes, Nicola M.; McPherson, Kathryn M.; Worrall, Linda E. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Engagement is commonly considered important in stroke rehabilitation, with some arguing it is essential for positive patient outcomes. An emerging body of research indicates the practitioner influences engagement through their ways of relating, communicating and working with the patient. People experiencing communication disability may…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Neurological Impairments, Rehabilitation, Speech Therapy
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Miles, Anna; McFarlane, Mary; Scott, Samantha; Hunting, Alexandra – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: The modifications of fluid viscosity and/or volume are common strategies in dysphagia management, with increased viscosity or reduced volume intended to reduce aspiration. Little attention has been given to whether cough response to aspiration varies across different viscosities and volumes. Aims: This prospective observational study…
Descriptors: Hospitals, Patients, Physiology, Incidence
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Cameron, Ashley; Hudson, Kyla; Finch, Emma; Fleming, Jennifer; Lethlean, Jennifer; McPhail, Steven – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Communication partner training (CPT) has been used to support communication partners to interact successfully with people with aphasia (PWA). Through successful CPT interaction PWA's accessibility to healthcare is notably improved. The present study sought to build on prior studies by investigating the experiences of individuals with…
Descriptors: Aphasia, College Students, Interpersonal Communication, Training
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