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van Sluis, Klaske E.; Kornman, Anne F.; van der Molen, Lisette; van den Brekel, Michiel W. M.; Yaron, Gili – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Physical and psychosocial challenges are common after total laryngectomy. The surgery leads to lifelong changes in communication, airway, swallowing and appearance. As we move towards health models driven by patient-centred care, understanding the differential impacts of surgical procedures on subgroups of patients can help improve our…
Descriptors: Surgery, Speech Impairments, Females, Communication Problems
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Fitzpatrick, Beth; Coad, Jane; Sell, Debbie; Rihtman, Tanya – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: There is no consensus in the UK regarding the types of speech samples or parameters of speech that should be assessed at 3 years of age in children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP±L), despite cleft units routinely assessing speech at this age. The standardization of assessment practices would facilitate comparisons of outcomes across…
Descriptors: Speech Evaluation, Congenital Impairments, Speech Impairments, Preschool Children
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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Hazamy, Audrey A.; Obermeyer, Jessica – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Discourse analysis is an important component of aphasia assessment because it can provide an insight into functional communication abilities. However, there are many unknowns regarding the levels of discourse breakdowns that occur across aphasia types. The purpose of the current study is to explore the possible differences in…
Descriptors: Communication Problems, Aphasia, Discourse Analysis, Speech Communication
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Jørgensen, Line Dahl; Willadsen, Elisabeth – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Speech-sound development in preschoolers with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) as a group is delayed/disordered, and obstruents comprise the most vulnerable sound class. Aims: To evaluate the development of obstruent correctness (PCC-obs) and error types (cleft speech characteristics (CSCs) and developmental speech…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Speech Communication, Congenital Impairments, Foreign Countries
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Levy, Erika S.; Moya-Galé, Gemma; Chang, Younghwa Michelle; Campanelli, Luca; MacLeod, Andrea A. N.; Escorial, Sergio; Maillart, Christelle – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Articulatory excursion and vocal intensity are reduced in many children with dysarthria due to cerebral palsy (CP), contributing to the children's intelligibility deficits and negatively affecting their social participation. However, the effects of speech-treatment strategies for improving intelligibility in this population are…
Descriptors: French, Speech Impairments, Voice Disorders, Interpersonal Communication
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Monroe, Penelope; Halaki, Mark; Kumfor, Fiona; Ballard, Kirrie J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Acquired brain injury (ABI), such as Parkinson's disease, dementia or stroke, can result in communication difficulties that lead to an impoverished ability to connect meaningfully with others. Choral singing is a complex task that uses multiple brain regions which are also responsible for language and communication skills. The…
Descriptors: Singing, Neurological Impairments, Dementia, Diseases
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Davies, Karen E.; Marshall, Julie; Brown, Laura J. E.; Goldbart, Juliet – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Current research investigating collaboration between parents and speech and language therapists (SLTs) indicates that the SLT role is characterized by therapist-led practice. Co-working with parents of children with speech and language difficulties is less frequently described. In order to embrace co-working during intervention, the…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Impairments, Language Impairments
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Namasivayam, Aravind K.; Pukonen, Margit; Goshulak, Debra; Granata, Francesca; Le, D. James; Kroll, Robert; van Lieshout, Pascal – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Treatment outcome data for children with severe speech sound disorders with motor speech involvement (SSD-MSI) are derived from Phase I clinical research studies. These studies have demonstrated positive improvements in speech production. Currently there is no research examining the optimal treatment dose frequency for this population.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Intervention, Speech Impairments, Psychomotor Skills
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Wray, Faye; Clarke, David; Forster, Anne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Interest in how stroke survivors might be better supported to manage life after stroke has grown rapidly in recent years, with a particular emphasis on enabling 'self-management'. Post-stroke communication difficulties may pose a unique barrier to longer term adaptation and adjustment. It is important to understand how stroke survivors…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Brain, Communication Problems, Communication Skills
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Boyce, Jessica O.; Sanchez, Katherine; Amor, David J.; Reilly, Sheena; Da Costa, Annette; Kilpatrick, Nicky; Morgan, Angela T. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) has a heterogeneous presentation and is often identified late or misdiagnosed. Diagnosis is prompted by speech, resonance or feeding symptoms associated with velopharyngeal insufficiency. However, the broader impacts of SMCP on communication have rarely been examined and therefore are poorly understood.…
Descriptors: Human Body, Speech Impairments, Communication Problems, Communication Skills
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Sugden, Eleanor; Lloyd, Susan; Lam, Jenny; Cleland, Joanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: As cost and access barriers to ultrasound technology have decreased, interest in using ultrasound visual biofeedback (U-VBF) as a tool for remediating speech sound disorders (SSD) has increased. A growing body of research has investigated U-VBF in intervention for developmental SSD; however, diversity in study design, participant…
Descriptors: Biofeedback, Intervention, Acoustics, Speech Therapy
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Black, Rebecca J.; Bogaardt, Hans; McCabe, Patricia; Glanville, Allan R.; MacDonald, Peter; Madill, Catherine – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Oropharyngeal dysphagia and laryngeal dysfunction are two lesser known complications after lung and heart transplantation. The presence of these features places this immunocompromised population at high risk of pulmonary complications and subsequent medical deterioration. Early identification of swallowing and voice dysfunction would…
Descriptors: Surgery, Speech Impairments, Psychomotor Skills, At Risk Persons
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Bailey, Dallin J.; Bunker, Lisa; Mauszycki, Shannon; Wambaugh, Julie L. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) involves speech-production deficits on both the segmental and suprasegmental levels. Recent research has identified a non-linear interaction between the metrical structure of bisyllabic words and word-production accuracy in German speakers with AOS, with trochaic words (strong-weak stress) being…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Suprasegmentals, Phonology, German
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Molloy, Jessica; Jagoe, Caroline – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: There is a growing body of evidence that speech and language therapy (SLT) intervention is effective in improving communication ability for individuals with non-progressive acquired apraxia of speech (AOS). However, there is no universally agreed diagnostic standard for AOS, and diverging opinions on its diagnostic features. This has…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Speech Impairments, Adventitious Impairments, Clinical Diagnosis
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